98 STAT. 1810
42 USC 904. Ante, p. 1809. 42 USC 1383a.
42 USC 1383.
PUBLIC LAW 98-460—OCT. 9, 1984
entitled to such payment must be made on the basis of an investigation, carried out either prior to such determination or within fortyfive days after such determination, and on the basis of adequate evidence that such determination is in the interest of the individual or spouse entitled to such payment (as determined by the Secretary in regulations). The Secretary shall ensure that such determinations are adequately reviewed. "(C)(i) In any case where payment is made under this title to a person other than the individual or spouse entitled to such payment, the Secretary shall establish a system of accountability monitoring whereby such person shall report not less often than annually with respect to the use of such payments. The Secretary shall establish and implement statistically valid procedures for reviewing such reports in order to identify instances in which such persons are not properly using such payments. "(ii) Clause (i) shall not apply in any Case where the other person to whom such payment is made is a parent or spouse of the individual entitled to such payment who lives in the same household as such individual. The Secretary shall require such parent or spouse to verify on a periodic basis that such parent or spouse continues to live in the same household as such individual. "(iii) Clause (i) shall not apply in any case where the other person to whom such payment is made is a State institution. In such cases, the Secretary shall establish a system of accountability monitoring for institutions in each State. "(iv) Clause (i) shall not apply in any case where the individual entitled to such payment is a resident of a Federal institution and the other person to whom such payment is made is the institution. "(v) Notwithstanding clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv), the Secretary may require a report at any time from any person receiving payments on behalf of another, if the Secretary has reason to believe that the person receiving such payments is misusing such pa3mients. "(D) The Secretary shall make an initial report to each House of the Congress on the implementation of subparagraphs (B) and (C) within 270 days after the date of the enactment of this subparagraph. The Secretary shall include in the annual report required under section 704, information with respect to the implementation of subparagraphs (B) and (C), including the same factors as are required to be included in the Secretary's report under section 2050X4XB).". (c)(l) Section 1632 of the Social Security Act is amended by inserting "(a)" after "Sec. 1632." and by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(b)(1) Any person or other entity who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a), if such violation is committed by such person or entity in his role as, or in applying to become, a payee under section 1631(a)(2) on behalf of another individual (other than such person's eligible spouse), in lieu of the penalty set forth in subsection (a)— "(A) upon his first such conviction, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both; and "(B) upon his second or any subsequent such conviction, shall be guilty of a felony and shall be fined not more than $25,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both. "(2) In any case in which the court determines that a violation described in paragraph (1) includes a willful misuse of funds by such