Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 98 Part 2.djvu/873

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PUBLIC LAW 98-000—MMMM. DD, 1984

PUBLIC LAW 98-473—OCT. 12, 1984

98 STAT. 2033

(B)(i) subject to supervision on the day before the expiration of the five-year period following the effective date of this Act; or (ii) released on a date set pursuant to paragraph (3); including laws pertaining to terms and conditions of release, revocation of release, provision of counsel, and payment of transportation costs, shall remain in effect as to the individual until the expiration of his sentence, except that the district court shall determine, in accord with the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, whether release should be revoked or the conditions of release amended for violation of a condition of release. (5) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 991 of title 28, United States Code, and sections 4351 and 5002 of title 18, United States Code, the Chairman of the United States Parole Commission or his designee shall be a member of the National Institute of Corrections, and the Chairman of the United States Parole Commission shall be a member of the Advisory Corrections Council and a nonvoting member of the United States Sentencing Commission, ex officio, until the expiration of the five-year period following the effective date of this Act. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4351 of title 18, during the five-year period the National Institute of Corrections shall have seventeen members, including seven ex officio members. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 991 of title 28, during the five-year period the United States Sentencing Commission shall consist of nine members, including two ex officio, nonvoting members. SEC. 236. (a)(1) Four years after the sentencing guidelines promulgated pursuant to section 994(a)(l), and the provisions of sections 3581, 3583, and 3624 of title 18, United States Code, go into effect, the General Accounting Office shall undertake a study of the guidelines in order to determine their impact and compare the guidelines system with the operation of the previous sentencing and parole release system, and, within six months of the undertaking of such study, report to the Congress the results of its study. (2) Within one month of the start of the study required under suibsection (a), the United States Sentencing Commission shall submit a report to the General Accounting Office, all appropriate courts, the Department of Justice, and the Congress detailing the operation of the sentencing guideline system and discussing any problems with the system or reforms needed. The report shall include an evaluation of the impact of the sentencing guidelines on prosecutorial discretion, plea bargaining, disparities in sentencing, and the use of incarceration, and shall be issued by affirmative vote of a nimority of the voting members of the Commission. Qy) The Congress shall review the study submitted pursuant to subsection (a) in order to determine— (1) whether the sentencing guideline system has been effective; (2) whether any changes should be made in the sentencing guideline system; and (3) whether the parole system should be reinstated in some form and the life of the Parole Commission extended. SEC. 237. (a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), for each criminal fine for which the unpaid balance exceeds $100 as of the effective date of this Act, the Attorney General shall, within one hundred and twenty days, notify the person by certified mail of his obligation, within thirty days after notification, to— (A) pay the fine in full;

18 USC app.

Ante, p. 2017.

Study. -i '^ Report. 28 USC 994 note. Ante, p. 2019. Ante, pp. 1998, 1999, 2008.

Report.

Penalties. 18 USC 3612 note.