ancients. Why, Sir, should not you occupy the throne?"
But Wu Kuang declined, saying, "To depose a ruler is not to do one's duty to one's neighbour. To slay the people is not charity. For others to suffer these wrongs, while I enjoy the profits, is not honest. I have heard say that one should not accept a wage unless earned in accordance with right; and that if the world is without Tao, one should not put foot upon its soil, still less rule over it! I can bear this no longer."
Thereupon he took a stone on his back and jumped into the river Lu.
At the rise of the Chou dynasty there were two scholars, named Po I and Shu Ch'i, who lived in Ku-tu.
One of these said to the other, "I have heard that in the west there are men who are apparently in possession of Tao. Let us go and see them."
- Meaning the men of Chou.
When they arrived at Ch'i-yang, Wu Wang
- The writer meant Wên Wang, father of Wu Wang.
heard of their arrival and sent Shu Tan
- Chou Kung.
to enter into a treaty with them. They were to receive emoluments of the second degree and rank of the first degree. The treaty was to be sealed with blood and buried.