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TUTE SI RECTE VIXERIS
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PHILOSOPHICAL

TRANSACTIONS,

GIVING SOME

ACCOUNT

OF THE

Preſent Undertakings, Studies, and Labours,

OF THE

INGENIOUS,

IN MANY

Conſiderable Parts of the WORLD.

 

 

VOL. L. Part I. For the Year 1757.

 

 

LONDON:

Printed for L. Davis and C. Reymers,
Printers to the Royal Society,
againſt Gray's-Inn Gate, in Holbourn.
M.DCC.LVIII.
 


CONTENTS

TO

Part I. Volume L.

 
I. AN Account of the Earthquake felt in New England, and the neighbouring Parts of America, on the 18th of November 1755. In a Letter to Tho. Birch, D.D. Secret. R.S. by Mr. Professor Winthrop, of Cambridge in New England.Page 1.
II. The strange Effects of some effervescent Mixtures; in a Letter from Dr. James Mounsey, Physician of the Russian Army, and F.R.S. to Mr. Henry Baker, F.R.S. Communicated by Mr. Baker.p. 19.
IV. An Account of the Carlsbad Mineral Waters in Bohemia: In a Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Macclesfield, President of the R.S. by the Rev. Jeremiah Milles, D.D.F.R.S.p. 25.
V. An Essay towards ascertaining the specific Gravity of living Men. By Mr. John Robertson, F.R.S.p. 30.
VII. An Account of a Visitation of the leprous Persons in the Isle of Guadaloupe. In a Letter to Mons. Damonville, Counsellor and Assistant-Judge at Martinico, and in the Office of King's Physician at Guadaloupe. By John Andrew Peyssonel, M.D. F.R.S. Translated from the French. p. 38.
VIII. An Account of the late Discoveries of Antiquities at Herculaneum; in an Extract of a Letter from Camillo Paderni, Keeper of the Herculanean Museum, and F.R.S. to Thomas Hollis, Esq; dated Naples, Dec. 16, 1756.p. 49.
IX. An Account of some Trees discovered undergroung on the Shore at Mount's-Bay in Cornwall: In a Letter from the Rev. Mr. William Borlase, F.R.S. to the Rev. Dr. Lyttelton, Dean of Exeter.p. 35.
XII. A brief Botanical and Medical History of the Solanum Lethale, Bella-donna, or Deadly Night shade, by Mr. Richard Pulteney. Communicated by Mr. William Watson, F.R.S.p. 62.
XIII. An Account of some of the Antiquities discovered at Herculaneum, &c. In a Letter to Thomas Birch, D.D. Secret. R.S. By John Nixon, A.M. F.R.S.p. 88.
XIV. An Account of the Effects of a Storm of Thunder and Lightning, in the Parishes of Looe and Lanreath, in the County of Cornwall, on the 27th Day of June 1756. Communicated to the Rev. Jeremiah Milles, D.D. F.R.S. in two Letters, one from the Rev. Mr. Dyer, Minister of Looe, and the other from the Rev. Mr. Milles, Vicar of Duloe, in Cornwall.p. 104.
XV. An Account of the Peat-pit near Newbury in Berkshire; in an Extract of a Letter from John Collet, M.D. to the Reverend Richard Lord Bishop of Ossory, F.R.S.p. 109.
XVI. An Account of the Alterations making in the Pantheon at Rome: In an Extract of a Letter from Rome to Thomas Hollis, Esq; Communicated by John Ward, LL.D. R.S. Vice-Præs.p. 115.
XVII. An Account of a new medicinal Well, lately discovered near Moffat, in Annandale, in the County of Dumfries. By Mr. John Walker, of Borgue-house near Kirkudbright in Scotland.p. 115.
XVIII. An Account of the State of the Thermometer at the Hague on the 9th of January 1757. Extracted from a Letter of Mr. Abraham Trembley, F.R.S. to Tho. Birch, D.D. Secret. R.S.p. 148.
XIX. Experimental Examination of Platina. By William Lewis, M.B. F.R.S. Paper V. ibid.
XX. Experimental Examination of Platina. By William Lewis, M.B. F.R.S. Paper VI. p. 156.
XXI. An Account of the Temple of Serapis at Pozzuoli in the Kingdom of Naples: In a Letter to John Ward, LL.D. and R.S. Vice-Præs. by the Rev. John Nixon, M.A. F.R.S.p. 166.
XXII. Some Remarks on a Parthian Coin with a Greek and Parthian Legend, never before published. In a Letter from the Rev. John Swinton, M.A. of Christ-Church, Oxon, F.R.S. to the Rev. Tho. Birch, D.D. Secret. R.S.p. 175.
XXIII. An Account of a Red Coral from the East-Indies, of a very singular Kind: In a Letter from Mr. John Ellis, F.R.S. to Mr. Peter Collinson, F.R.S.p. 189.
XXIV. An Account of the Effects of a Storm at Wigton in Cumberland. Communicated by Mr. Philip Miller, F.R.S.p. 194.
XXV. An Account of the Effects of Lightning upon the Steeple and Church of Lestwithiel, Cornwall; in a Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Macclesfield, President of the R.S. By Mr. John Smeaton, F.R.S.p. 198.
XXVI. An Account of the Case of the late Right Honourable Horace Lord Walpole; being a Sequel to his own Account published in the Philosophical Transactions, Vol. xlvii. p. 43 and 472.p. 205.
Postscript to Dr. Whytt's Observations on Lord Walpole's Case.p. 385.
XXVIII. An Account of the Impressions of Plants of the Slates of Coals: In a Letter to the Right Honourable George Earl of Macclesfield, President of the R.S. from Mr. Emanuel Mendes da Costa, F.R.S.p. 228.
XXIX. A Catalogue of the Fifty Plants from Chelsea Garden, presented to the Royal Society by the worshipful Company of Apothecaries, for the Year 1756, pursuant to the Direction of Sir Hans Sloane, Baronet, Med. Reg. 🙲 Soc. nuper Præses, by John Wilmer, M.D. clariss. Societatis Pharmaceut. Lond. Socius, Hort. Chels. Præfect. 🙲 Prælector Botan.p. 236.
XXXI. An Account of a new-discovered Species of the Snipe or Tringa: In a Letter to the Rev. Tho. Birch, D.D. Secret. R.S. from Mr. Geo. Edwards, Librarian of the College of Physicians.p. 255.
XXXII. Observationes de Corallinis, iisque insidentibus Polypis, aliisque Animalculis Marinis: Quas Regiæ Societati Londinensi offert Job Baster, Med. Doct. Acad. Cæsar. Reg. Societ. Lond. 🙲 Scient. Holland. Socius.p. 258.
XXXIII. Remarks on Dr. Job Baster's Observationes de Corallinis, &c. In a Letter to the Right Hon. George Earl of Macclesfield, President of the R.S. from Mr. John Ellis, F.R.S.p. 280.
XXIV. An Account of an extraordinary Operation performed in the Dock-Yard at Portsmouth: Drawn up by Mr. John Robertson, F.R.S.p. 288.
XXXV. Observations on an Evening, or rather Nocturnal, Solar Iris. By Mr. George Edwards, Librarian of the College of Physicians.p. 293.
XXXVII. An Account of an extrordinary Shower of black Dust, that fell in the Island of Zetland 20th October 1755. In a Letter from Sir Andrew Mitchell, of Westshore, Bart. to John Pringle, M.D. F.R.S.p. 297.
XXXVIII. A Description of some Thermometers for particular Uses. By the Right Honourable the Lord Charles Cavendish, V.P. R.S.p. 300.
XXXIX. Observationes Anatomico-Medicæ de Monstro bicorporeo Virgineo A. 1701. die 26 Oct. in Pannonia, infra Comaromium, in Possessione Szony, quondam Quiritum Bregetione, in lucem edito, atque A. 1723. die 23 Febr. Posonii in Cænobio Monialium S. Ursulæ morte functo ibidemque sepulto. Authore Justo Johanne Torkos, M.D. Soc. Regalis Socio.p. 311.
XL. Observations on the Origin and Use of the Lymphatic Vessels of Animals: Being an Extract from the Gulstonian Lectures, read in the Theatre of the College of Physicians of London, in June 1755. By Mark Akenside, M.D. Fellow of the College of Physicians, and of the Royal Society.p. 322.
XLI. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Macclesfield, President, the Council, and Fellows, of the Royal Society, concerning the Variation of the Magnetic Needle; with a Sett of Tables annexed, which exhibit the Result of upwards of Fifty Thousand Observations, in Six periodic Reviews, from the Year 1700 to the Year 1756, both inclusive; and are adapted to every Five Degrees of Latitude and Longitude in the more frequented Oceans. By William Mountaine and James Dodson, Fellows of the Royal Society.p. 329.
XLIII. An Extract of the Register of the Parish of Great Shefford, near Lamborne, in Berkshire, for Ten Years: With Observations on the same: In a Letter to Tho. Birch, D.D. Secret. R.S. from the Rev. Mr. Richard Foster, Rector of Great Shefford.p. 356.
XLIV. A remarkable Case of an Aneurism, or Disease of the principal Artery of the Thigh, occasioned by a Fall. To which is prefixed a short Account of the Uncertainty of the distinguishing Symptoms of this Disease. By Jos. Warner, F.R.S. and Surgeon to Guy's Hospital.p. 363.
XLV. Farther Experiments for increasing the Quantity of Steam in a Fire-Engine. By Keane Fitz-Gerald, Esq; F.R.S.p. 370.
XLVI. Observatio Eclipsis Lunæ Die 27 Martii, Ann. 1755. habita Ulissipone in Domo Patrum Congregationis Oratorii à Joanne Chevalier ejusdem Congregationis Presbytero, Regiæ Londinensis Societatis Socio, Regiæque Parisiensis Scientiarum Academiæ correspondente.p. 374.
XLVII. Eclipsis Lunæ Die 4 Februarii, Ann.1757. habita Ulissipone à Joanne Chevalier Presbytero Congregationis Oratorii, Regiæ Londinensis Societatis Socio, Regiæque Scientiarum Parisiensis Academiæ correspondente, et a Theodoro de Almeida ejusdem Congregationis Presbytero, ac Physicæ publico Professore.p. 376.
Observationes Eclipsium Satellitum Jovis Ulissipone habitæ a Joanne Chevalier, 🙲c.p. 377.
XLVIII. Observationes Eclipsium Satellitum Jovis Ulissipone habitæ à Joanne Chevalier, Presbytero Congregationis Oratorii, Regiæque Londinensis Societatis Socio, Anno 1757.p. 378.
XLIX. A remarkable Case of the Efficacy of the Bark in a Mortification: In a Letter to William Watson, M.D. F.R.S. from Mr. Richard Grindall, Surgeon to the London Hospital.p. 379.
1. Some Observations on the lithontriptic Virtue of the Carlsbad Waters, Lime-water, and Soap: In Letter to Dr. John Pringle, F.R.S. from Dr. Robert Whytt, F.R.S. and Professor of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh.p. 386.
LII. Observations on the Comet, that appeared in the Months of September and October 1757, made at the Royal Observatory by Ja. Bradley, D.D. Astronomer Royal, F.R.S. and Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris.p. 408.
LIII. The Resolution of a General Proposition for determining the horary Alteration of the Position of the Terrestrial Equator, from the Attraction of Sun and Moon: With some Remarks on the Solutions given by other Authors to that difficult and important Problem. By Mr. Tho. Simpson, F.R.S.p. 416.
LIV. Remarks upon the Heat of the Air in July 1757, in an Extract of a Letter from John Huxham, M.D. F.R.S. to William Watson, M.D. F.R.S. dated at Plymouth 19th of the same Month. With additional Remarks by Dr. Watson.p. 428.
LV. Remarks upon the Letter of Mr. John Ellis, F.R.S. to Philip Carteret Webb, Esq; F.R.S. printed in the Philosophical Transactions, Vol. xlix. Part ii. p. 806. By Mr. Philip Miller, F.R.S.p. 430.
LVI. An Answer to the preceding Remarks. By Mr. John Ellis, F.R.S.p. 441.
LVII. A Letter to the Rev. Tho. Birch, D.D. Secr. R.S. concerning the Number of the People of England; by the Rev. Mr. Richard Forster, Rector of Great Shefford in Berkshire.p. 457.
 

ERRATA.

 

Page 95. line 24. read even the ends of the umbilici.

Page 96. line 5. read exposed the extremity of the umbilicus.

Page 168. line 4. after as dele well as.

Page 328. line 9 from the bottom, for stream read steam.

 

In the Tables of the Variation of the Magnetic Needle, Anno 1756,

Lat. Long.
0 70 E for Var. 3 1/4 W read 2 3/4 W. Read the same in p. 333.
15 N 35 W for Var— — — 3 1/2 W read— — — 2 1/2
5 S 40 E for Var— — — 17 W read— — — 18 W
30 S 15 E for Var— — — 18 W read— — — 17 1/2 W
35 S 10 W for Var— — — 5 1/2 W read— — — 5 W
35 S 45 E for Var— — — 26 1/2 W read— — — 26 W