Popular Science Monthly/Volume 17/September 1880/Literary Notices


Early Man in Britain, and his Place in the Tertiary Period. By W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S. New York: Macmillan & Co. Pp. 537. Price, $6.50.

The subject of primitive man and his history, as obscurely traced by archæological research, has now come to be so extensive that is has become necessary to concentrate research in special directions, as the whole field is too large for any one man to cultivate. Professor Dawkins has, accordingly, taken up the question of "Early Man in Britain," and even in his elaborate volume he is unable to present the discussion in its completeness. In his work on "Cave-hunting," published in 1874, he has cleared the way for the present inquiry into the conditions of life, the growth in culture, and the relation to history of primeval man in Britain. The present work is copiously illustrated, and its author admits that it has defects due partially to the nature of the subject, but chiefly to the swiftness with which our knowledge of early man is being enlarged by new discoveries. The author has no favorite theory to advocate, and writes with caution in reference to chronology, considering that there is little ground for placing confidence in dates. As to the antiquity of man, he thinks that we have far from settled views upon the subject. The scientific problem now is how far fossil man can be traced back into the Tertiary. There are those who hold that the early indications of the human race go back to the Miocene or Pliocene period, but Professor Dawkins finds no trustworthy indications earlier than the Pleistocene, or most recent geological period. He considers that on biological grounds it was improbable, if not impossible, that man should appear much earlier than the period marked by arrowheads, flint scrapers, etc., an opinion that he shares with some of the most competent geologists of the present time. The earliest man met with in Britain Professor Dawkins states is the hunter of the old Drift period, who had for contemporaries the grizzly bear, spotted hyena, lion, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, and most of the animals now existing. England and Ireland were then one, and were united to the continent, and possessed vastly different climatic conditions from the present. This primitive man was spread over a wide range of country, of which Britain was but a small part, and must have previously existed a considerable period of time. His successor was a man of a much higher type, who appears to have been equally widespread, and to have been possessed of much better and more varied tools and considerable artistic ability, as shown by his carvings in bone and ivory. Professor Dawkins regards him as the direct ancestor of the present Esquimau, and points out in support of his position a number of striking resemblances. The Pleistocene period closes with the diappearance of these cave-men, and neolithic civilization opens with the prehistoric farmer and herdsman. At the time of his advent, the British Islands had attained nearly their existing shape, and climatic conditions were closely allied to the present. These men were short, well built, black-haired, and of swarthy complexion. They came wandering westward from the East, with flocks and herds and some knowledge of agriculture. Before them the mild and unwarlike progenitors of the Esquimau fled, leaving but little trace behind them. The conquerors brought with them many of the arts that raise man above the brute, and overrun the greater part of Europe, and a considerable portion of Asia and Africa. They were in turn displaced by the fair-haired Celts, the van of the Aryan migration, who exterminated, moved them aside, or enslaved them. A mixture of the two races occurred over the greater part of Europe, producing the main characteristics of the peoples of modern Europe. To the neolithic period succeeded that of bronze, and this in turn gave place to that of iron, the age which includes our present civilization. With the beginning of the historic period, the work of the archæologist yields to that of the historian, and at this point Professor Dawkins takes leave of his subject.

Reports of the Peabody Museum of American Archæology and Ethnology, in Connection with Harvard University. Vol. II. 1876-'79. Cambridge: printed by order of the Board of Trustees. 1880. Pp. 775.

This goodly volume contains the tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth annual reports, and covers the last four years of museum-work. And very able and fruitful has been this work, as directed by the zealous skill of its curator, Professor Putnam, and the craniologist, Mr. Carr, his assistant. This book constitutes a no mean monument of home work done in American archæology. Did space suffice, it would be a pleasant task to review these reports at length. Besides a good deal of matter which merely concerns the shop-work of the institution, we find twenty-two articles all devoted to American archæology and ethnology, and each one containing results of original research. Thus there are papers of first-rate significance under such names as Putnam, Carr, Abbott, Shaler, Andrews, Bandelier, Schumacher, Blake, Reynolds, and Morgan. As we retrospect American archæology, this volume assumes an interesting prominence. It is only turned a generation of years since that grand venture was made of the first volume of the Smithsonian contributions to publish Squier's and Davis's "Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley." Davis's collection of antiquities, therein so well figured, was to us a sight never to be forgotten. It is about a score of years ago when we groaned in spirit with that worthy man. Misfortune had set upon him, and he must sell his treasure. Must it be said that in the whole breadth of our wealthy land neither individual nor institution could be found to give the poor man a bid? So an Englishman appears, who buys the collection, and removes it to his own country. What a change since then! Not to speak of the national treasures of the Smithsonian in this line, our country has now, through the far-sightedness of one remarkable man, its special museum of American archæology. Of the grand collection it already possesses, and the solid work it is doing, these interesting reports are in evidence.

Of course, we can not specify articles, but perhaps may say that no papers in this volume will command more attention than those of Dr. Abbott, in which he insists on his having found palæolithic implements in undisturbed glacial drift, near Trenton, New Jersey; and his claimed discovery of an interglacial (why not autochthonic?) race of men. Assuredly the Doctor shows much skill in his diagnosis, and his subject receives what the faculty might term heroic treatment. As against very high authority, he insists on a difference of action in the deposition of the gravels in his cliff, and of others in the railroad-cuts near by, albeit both are of the same geological horizon. The Doctor feels that the difference thus claimed favors his theory. Without expressing any opinion, it must be admitted that the position is argued with ability.

It is quite in keeping with the importance of the subject when Professor Putnam induced Professor Shaler to make a geological reconnaissance of the places containing the supposed palæoliths; and it should be said that the conservatism of the Professor's report shows a safe spirit, although it is, on the whole, not unfavorable to Dr. Abbott's views. We own to some surprise that this report does not so much as allude to Dr. Cook's labors. He says: "I hope hereafter to finish a detailed account of the geology of these gravel-beds." He also says: "The entire absence of organic remains in the mass proves that it was essentially a lifeless sea in which they were laid down." It may be of interest to state that, since Professor Shaler wrote his report, the New Jersey State geologist has obtained from the gravel in the railroad cuts at Trenton a large portion of a proboscidian's tusk, which has suffered indubitable wear from water, and perhaps glacial action.

It is, we think, a fact patent to all who know what is meant by solid, patient work in the domain of science, that this new science of prehistoric archaeology has drawn to itself an immense brood of callow thinkers. The merest accident of finding a few relics is supposed to constitute the text and the ability for a paper on the subject, either for some periodical or maybe some learned society. The lookout is good for American archaeology in that we have so grand a school as this Peabody Museum, and so safe a vehicle of instruction as is afforded by its annual report. The tread of Science should be stately, and her footing sure. None more than she should "prove all things, and hold fast the good." Festine lente. When, in these fascinating walks of grand thinkings, the imagination gets into a rush, it will be well if this institution shall provide the engineer who will whistle down the brakes.

The Taxidermist's Manual. By Captain Thomas Brown, F. L. S. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1879. Pp. 199. Price, $1.25.

This reprint, from the twenty-eighth English edition of Captain Brown's Manual, will be a very welcome book to the large and increasing class of students and amateurs interested in natural history and the preservation of natural-history specimens. The author thinks that many valuable specimens are lost because of the lack of information, among naturalists as well as amateurs, regarding the proper means of preserving them. He has, accordingly, given a clear and concise account of the art, the implements used, and the principles upon which the work should be done. The subjects considered are, the skinning, preparing, and mounting of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, molluscous animals, etc.; the preservation of spiders, and preparation of skeletons. The choice and manner of collecting animals, recipes for various articles used in the art, and some instructions to travelers, complete the work. A half-dozen well-engraved plates exhibit the manner of mounting, and preparing the animals and tools used.

Spectres Fugitifs observés près du Limb Solaire (Fugitive Spectra observed near the Solar Limb). By M. L. Trouvelot.

The author in this pamphlet describes some remarkable phenomena which he has noticed several times in his observations of the solar spectrum. His attention was first called to them on the 30th of August, 1877, when, all at once, the spectrum was crossed, with the quickness of lightning, by extremely brilliant spectra, which succeeded each other rapidly and ran the full length of the spectrum. The phenomenon was observed on the following days to the 3d of September, the fugitive spectra varying in shape and intensity, and appearing at unequal intervals. Some moved across the solar spectrum or parallel to it, others were stationary. The fugitive spectra were next noticed at Creston, Wyoming, during the observations of the eclipse of the sun in July, 1878, and again at different intervals till the 2d of February, 1880, when the last observation described in the memoir took place. They generally came in numbers, not alone, and in spells of several days at a time, separated by intervals sometimes of months. M. Trouvelot does not derive from this any theory as to the frequency with which they may really have manifested themselves; for, though he saw them only fifteen times in thirty months, he was actually observing the sun for only one hundredth of the time during that period, and they may have been active during the other ninety-nine hundredths of the time without his noticing them. He satisfied himself by every possible experiment and form of reasoning that they were not of terrestrial but of cosmical origin. Two theories are proposed to account for them: 1. That they arise from the meteoric bodies that are supposed to be constantly falling into the sun; 2. That they come from the incandescent matter which the sun throws up in the eruptions which have been observed to take place from its surface. M. Trouvelot prefers the latter theory.

Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. ii., Part II. July, 1877, to December, 1878. Davenport, Iowa: published by J. D. Putnam, March, 1880.

Perhaps one may be pardoned for slightly altering the hackneyed citation, by asserting that "westward the star of science takes its way." In this contribution of the Davenport Academy is that of which the elder academy in the East need not be ashamed. We notice, too, this Western academy is appointing its professors after the methods of the Eastern one. In these proceedings we find original work in archæology, botany, entomology, conchology, paleontology, and embryology, and all these illustrated by plates. The most labored and lengthy article is one by J. Duncan Putnam, on the maple-bark scale-insect (Pulvinaria innumerabilis). This article is very exhaustive, and of great biological merit. There is a short but interesting paper by Dr. R. J. Farquharson, on the formation of ground-ice in the rapids of the Mississippi. This is a revival of the long mooted question, How is anchor-ice made? Dr. Farquharson gives the bibliography of the subject. The Doctor's theory in a nutshell is this: that rapidly-flowing water will get so mixed that its temperature becomes uniform throughout, and when at its freezing-point an arrest of motion will favor congelation, so that there is needed "but the slack-water afforded by the eddy of a bowlder, or a pot-hole, to freeze instantly into a spongy mass." We wish this Western academy the prosperity it so well merits. For two things is this Iowa institution notable: that it is indebted for its building site to a noble-hearted woman, Mrs. P. V. Newcomb; and its president is Mrs. Mary L. D. Putnam, a lady to whose zeal the prosperity of the academy is largely due. We observe that a good deal of work is done in archæology, which is certainly wise, considering the richness of this Western field.

Health and Healthy Homes; A Guide to Domestic Hygiene. By George Wilson, M. A., M. D. With Notes and Additions by J. G. Richardson, M. D. Philadelphia: Presley Blakiston. 1880. Pp. 307. Price, $1.50.

This is an American reprint of the excellent work of Dr. Wilson, accompanied with a brief preface by Dr. Richardson, of Philadelphia, and such notes as the application of Dr. Wilson's statements to American sanitary condition seemed to warrant.

The book is designed to reach and interest all classes of readers, and the various subjects considered are therefore treated in a practical, untechnical manner. Dr. Wilson opens his subject by a consideration of the amount of preventable disease, which he finds to be still very great, though it has been steadily declining, and there is good reason to hope for continued improvement in this direction. Such a description of the structure of the human body and the functions of the various organs is given as will enable the reader to have a clear appreciation of the laws of health, and the causes of diseases are then explained and illustrated. Among these causes are considered heredity, personal habits, mode of living, work and worry, bad air, food and water, etc. The subject of food and diet is treated quite fully, the nutritive value of the various foods, together with a considerable amount of information of the principles of dietetics, being given. Cleanliness, bathing and clothing in relation to health, and the hygienic value of exercise and recreation, as well as the essential features of healthy houses and surroundings, are duly considered. In the closing chapter of the book the principal dangerous infectious diseases are dealt with, and their mode of dissemination, and the precautionary measures necessary indicated.

Though the work is a continuous exposition of the subject of domestic hygiene, each chapter is made complete in itself, so as to be read independently of any other. The variety and extent of the information contained in the small compass of this volume eminently fit it for household use, while the position of the author is a guarantee of the accuracy of its statements.

Water Analyses for Sanitary Purposes, with Hints for the Interpretation of the Results. By E. Frankland, Ph. D., D. C. L., F. R. S. Philadelphia: Presley Blakiston. 1880. Pp. 149. Price, $1.

This is an exposition of the most reliable means of making analyses of water by the well-known chemist, Dr. Frankland. The greater part of the book is of purely technical interest, but in the appendix Dr. Frankland has given briefly information regarding the purity and value of different kinds of water that is of concern to the general public.

He finds that the best water for dietetic purposes is that of deep springs and wells, and the worst that of shallow wells, which are usually situated near drains, cesspools, etc. Rain-water, collected at a distance from towns and upon surfaces kept clean, is next in purity to that of deep wells; that collected from roofs and stored in underground tanks is rarely good enough for dietetic purposes. Water from the surface of uncultivated land is fairly good, while that from cultivated land is not sufficiently good for domestic use, though better than shallow well-water. River-water when it is from cultivated land and is polluted by sewage and factory refuse, is always dangerous to use. Surface and river water containing more than 0·2 part of organic carbon or ·03 part of organic nitrogen in 100,000 parts, is to be avoided for domestic use when possible.

Dr. Frankland states that organic matter in solution in water is so very persistent, that sewage would not be completely oxidized and destroyed in traveling from the source to the mouth of any river in the United Kingdom. Impure water can be more or less improved by filtration through sand, spongy iron, and animal charcoal, but even this can not be relied upon to render sewage-tainted water fit for use. Boiling is probably effective in destroying the power of such water to communicate disease. Water suffers little or no deterioration in transmission even through long mains, if they be properly laid, and organic material, such as hemp, be avoided in making the joints.

Health. By W. H. Corfield, M. D., Professor of Hygiene and Public Health at University College, London. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 361. Price, $1.25.

The contents of this volume were delivered as a course of lectures at the rooms of the London Society of Arts, under the auspices of the National Health Society. It is an unpretentious but useful statement of the most important principles of personal hygiene, and the precautions necessary for the prevention of disease. Dr. Corfield's reputation as a practical student of this subject sufficiently attests the care and accuracy of his statements; and the style of the book is so plain and simple as to be easy to all readers. In speaking of the health of the individual his statement of the hereditary feature is especially clear. Half a dozen lectures are first given to preliminary physiology, and then "The Air," "Food and Drink," "Drinking-Water," "Houses," and "Communicable Diseases" are treated in the remainder of the course.

The Child's Catechism of Common Things. By John D. Champlin, Jr. New York: Henry Holt & Co. 1879. Pp. 289. Price, 60 cents.

This little book gives a large mass of information about common things, arranged in such a manner as to be interesting to and easily consulted by a child. The subjects are classified under the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, the information under each being given, as the name indicates, in the form of questions and answers. An excellent design, illustrating the inquisitive attitude of the child toward the things around him, appears on the cover.

Free Land and Free Trade: The Lessons of the English Corn-Laws applied to the United States. By Samuel S. Cox. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1880. Pp. 126. Price, $1.25.

The main purpose of this work is as an argument in favor of the principles expressed in the leading title. The author believes that "we are rapidly outgrowing the market to which our tariff walls practically limit us," and that "we must have the opportunity and privilege, the liberty, to trade," for which we must be free to buy as well as to sell. He sees, also, a great danger of a land monopoly, the first signs of which have appeared in the practices, the freight combinations, and the high rates charged for transportation by the railroads. The corn-laws of England and the land troubles of England and Ireland are discussed as affording historical illustrations of the author's views.

Sea-Air and Sea-Bathing. By John H. Packard, M. D. Philadelphia: Presley Blakiston. 1880. Pp. 121. Price, 50 cents.

This is number eleven of the monographs on hygienic subjects issued under the title of "American Health Primers." Dr. Packard has aimed to give such information concerning the subject, and such practical directions, as will be of use to those seeking recreation at the seaside. Such questions as how long to remain in the water, how to bathe, what care to take against accidents, and what to do in cases of apparent drowning, are among those considered.

Radical Mechanics of Animal Locomotion. With Remarks on the setting up of Soldiers, Horse and Foot, and on the supplying of Cavalry-Horses. By Colonel William Pratt Wainwright. New York: D. Van Nostrand. Pp. 294. Price, $1.50.

Though the heading of this work is professional, the problems it discusses are both of extreme scientific interest, and of wider application than to the training of soldiers. The writer aims to determine the fundamental mechanical principles of locomotive activity in animals of the vertebrate structure with a view to cultivating those habits of body by which movements shall become most harmonious and efficient. The point of view from which the book has been prepared is well indicated in the opening paragraph. "Many are the expedients which, in the training of soldiers, have been and still are adopted, in order to overcome that fault of body, whatever it may be, which, in ninety-nine men out of every thousand from civilized nations, tends to hinder the man from marching in a straight line, from discharging his musket without destroying his aim, from cutting perpendicularly with the edge of his saber, and which likewise hinders him from so following in his own frame the motions received from the frame of his horse that the forces enumerated by this latter shall be so absorbed into and discharged with the making of his aim, as to give no recoil from the saddle."

It is thus assumed that some fault in the play of the bony skeleton is the radical cause of the soldier's deficiencies in movement, and this fault is held to be a one-sided action, as is illustrated in right-handedness. The author takes the ground that only a man who is ambidextrous can have the perfect command and full force of the movements of his body. He holds that "the excessive use of one hand, and of the parts of the body brought into action with it, is a cause of general deformity among civilized men. This so interferes with the central-point working of the body as to greatly reduce its power of producing and sustaining action. The working of the spine is the fundamental basis of movement. Motion properly originates in the spine, is directed by the head, and is only followed up by the limbs. The snake presents the simplest type of spinal working." Colonel Wainwright makes a great deal of this last idea, showing that the locomotion of the snake, when mechanically resolved, throws light upon the work of the higher vertebrate machines. The book is curious and attractive.

The Microscope in Medicine. By Lionel S. Beale, M. B., F. R. S. Fourth edition. With more than 500 Illustrations, most of them drawn on wood by the author. Philadelphia: Presley Blakiston. 1878. Pp. 539. Price, $7.50.

We have commended the former editions of this work, which now appears much enlarged, and more deserving of the student's favor. We by no means entertain the highest opinion of Dr. Beale as a philosopher; but, as a microscopical observer, and an histological manipulator, his skill and eminence are generally conceded. This elaborate volume, on a rapidly growing branch of physiology and pathology, is entitled to a place among the standard volumes of reference in every well-supplied medical library.

The Field Engineer. By William Findlay Shunk, C. E. New York: D. Van Nostrand. 1880. Pp. 325. Price, $2.50

In this hand-book Mr. Shunk has given, in a convenient form, a clear and concise statement of the information needful for the young railroad engineer. The initial chapters give an exposition of the mathematics and methods essential as a basis for work, and following these are instructions as to the use and adjustments of instruments, with hints on field routine. A number of problems of field location occurring in the author's practice are given as covering the greater part of those likely to be met with. Very full tables, a number of which are new, are appended. The book is well printed, in clear type, and bound in leather in the ordinary form of the engineering field-book.

Hygienic and Therapeutic Relations of House-Plants. By J. M. Anders, M. D., Ph. D. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1880. Pp. 16.

In this paper Dr. Anders calls attention to the well-known property of transpiration of plants, and their value on this account as hygienic agents. He has been making some quantitative experiments, and finds that plants having soft, thin leaves, such as the geranium, exhale one and a half ounce (by weight) of watery vapor per square foot of leaf-surface in twelve day-hours during clear weather. In-door plants transpire something more than half as much in the same time as those in the open air. He is, therefore, of the opinion that growing plants are of great value in keeping the air of an apartment properly moist, and can be of considerable help in cases of consumption.

The Fabulous Gods denounced in the Bible. Translated from Selden's "Syrian Deities." By W. A. Hauser. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1880. Pp. 178. Price, $1.25.

But very little has been known by the general public of the mythology of the Jews, while that of the Greeks and Romans is part of the most familiar knowledge. Mr. Hauser thinks that, as Christianity arose among the Jews, a knowledge of the early religious ideas and habits of this people should be of interest to at least the Christian part of the modern world, and he has, therefore, made this translation from the Latin of Selden's work. This was published more than two hundred years ago, in 1617, and has been out of print nearly as long. A brief sketch of the life of John Selden is prefixed to the volume.

Practical Keramics for Students. By C. A. Janvier. New York: Henry Holt & Co. 1880. Pp. 258. Price, $2.50.

Mr. Janvier has endeavored to put in as concise and intelligible form as possible such information of the manufacture, classification, and decoration of pottery as will be of interest to the amateur. In the introductory portion he describes the materials used and their properties, supplementing this with a general description of the processes of manufacture. The various wares are fully described, and the errors of many of the names given by shopmen pointed out. The work closes with instructions and practical hints to intending decorators. A list of some of the best works on keramics and full index and glossary are appended. A handsome binding, good clear type, and heavy paper, leave nothing to be desired in the way of book-making.

We have received from Dr. Eduard Reyer, of Vienna, a pamphlet (in German) on "Tin in Burmah, Siam, and Malacca." The tin district of these countries extends from Bengal down the western coast of Farther India, and through the peninsula of Malacca to the small islands south of it. This region is believed by Dr. Reyer to be the place whence the ancients obtained their Indian tin. Considerable quantities are still produced in Malacca and the islands. The average importation of "Straits tin" into England from 1870 to 1877 was five thousand four hundred tons a year, and the importation to Dutch ports from the islands of Banca and Billitong does not fall far below the same amount. Dr. Reyer also sends us a pamphlet on "Vier Ausflüge in die Eruptivmassen bei Christiania" ("Four Excursions among the Eruptive Masses near Christiania"), in Norway; and "Granit und SchiefervonSchlackenwald" ("The Granite and Slate of Schlackenwald").

Schiller's Complete Works, in English. Edited by Charles J. Hempel, M. D. Philadelphia: J. Kohle. 1879. Pp. 1282.

This, the editor states, is the first complete edition of Schiller's works, in English, that has been offered to the American public. It contains all his poetical, critical, philosophical, and historical writings, the only things omitted being Schiller's own translations from foreign languages. The translations are for the most part by well-known literary men, and are of conceded excellence. Careful editorial supervision has been exercised by the editor, Dr. Charles J. Hempel, who also furnishes several of the translations. The work is illustrated with a large number of full-page woodcuts from the drawings of the best German artists, and is printed in clear type on toned paper. It is issued in one and two volumes, and also in parts. The bound volumes are in various styles, at corresponding prices. A sketch of Schiller's life is prefixed to the work. The edition gives an opportunity to possess the writings of one of Germany's greatest literary men, that few of his admirers will allow to pass.

Landsberg's Illustrirtes Wochenblatt (Landsberg's "Illustrated Weekly") is a new' German periodical of a size corresponding with that of the other illustrated journals, having sixteen pages and a tinted cover. It bears marks of good editing and the evidence of discrimination in the selection of subjects for articles and illustrations. It is published by Silvius Landsberg, at 17 Centre Street, New York. Price, $5 a year.

"Tromsö Museums Aarshefter" is a collection of papers on scientific topics contributed to the Museum Society of Tromsö, Norway. The second part, which has been kindly sent us, contains papers on the "Coleoptera of Tromsö and the Vicinity," by J. Sparre Schneider; the "Marine Fauna of the Northern Coast of Norway," by G. O. Sars; and on "Certain Phenomena of Glacial Action along the Coast," by Karl Petersen.


Calendar of the University of Michigan for 1879-'80. Ann Arbor: Published by the University. Pp. 168.

Catalogue of North American Musci. Arranged by Eugene A. Rau and A. B. Hervey, A.M. Taunton, Mass 1880. Pp. 52. 50 cents.

A Classification for the Natural Sciences. By C. A. Cutter. Pp. 4.

Two Papers on Academic Degrees: 1. On the Regulation and Control of the Degree-conferring Power; and, 2. On the Origin and Significancy of Academic Degrees. By Frederick A. P. Barnard, LL.D., etc. New York. 1880. Pp. 34.

Practical Uses of the Microscope: An Address by P. H. Ward. M. D., President of the American Society of Microscopists. Indianapolis. 1880. Pp. 17.

The Three Climates of Geology. By C. B. Warring, Ph.D. Pp. 36.

Change as a Mental Restorative. By J. Mortimer Granville. London: David Bogue. 1880. Pp. 32.

Ninth Report of the State Entomologist on the Noxious and Beneficial Insects of the State of Illinois. By Cyrus Thomas, Ph. D. Springfield. 1880. Pp. 142.

Sanitary Reform in Japan; A Lecture to the Students of the University of Tokio. By J. A. Ewing, B.Sc., P.R. S.E. Yokohama. 1880. Pp. 18.

The Providence Franklin Society: An Historical Address by the President, W. O. Brown, M.D. Providence. 1880. Pp. 50.

The Influence of Language on Thought. By Professor William D. Wilson, D.D., LL.D., etc., of Cornell University. 1879. Pp. 14.

The Anthracite Coal-Fields of Pennsylvania and their Exhaustion. By Ph. Sheafer, M.E. Read at the Saratoga Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1879. Pp. 10.

Proceedings of the National Microscopical Congress and the American Society of Microscopists, held at Indianapolis, Ind. August 14, 1878. Indianapolis. 1880. Pp. 77.

Transactions of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland. 82d Annual Session. Baltimore. 1880. Pp. 216.

Report made to the New Orleans Auxiliary Sanitary Association on the Construction and Management of Privies. New Orleans. 1880. Pp. 8.

Minutes of the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Annual Meetings of the State Medical Society of Kentucky. Louisville. 1880. Pp. 27.

Railway Reporter: A Monthly Journal devoted to the Interests of Railway Men. No. 53 Ninth Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. Pp. 20. Subscription price, $1.25 per year.

Advance copy of Vol. VII. of the Survey of the Fortieth Parallel. Being Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Yale College. Vol. 1., Odontornithes: A Monograph on the Extinct Toothed Birds of North America. By Othniel Charles Marsh. New Haven. 1880. 4to, pp. 201, with Thirty-four Plates and Forty Woodcuts.

The Thousand Islands of the River St. Lawrence. Edited by Franklin B. Hough. Syracuse, N.Y.: Davis, Bardeen & Co. 1880. Pp. 307. $125.

The Microscopists' Annual for 1870. No. 1. New York Industrial Publication Co. 1880. Pp. 48. 25 cents.

The Book of Ensilage. By John M. Briley. Billerica, Mass.: Published by the author. 1880. Pp. 202.

The Historical Poetry of the Ancient Hebrews. Translated and critically examined. By Michael Heilprin. Vol. II. New York; D. Appleton & Co. 1880. Pp. 213. $2.

A Selection of Spiritual Songs, with Music for the Sunday-School. Selected and arranged by Rev. Charles S. Robinson. D.D. New York: Scribner & Co. 1880. Pp. 192. 50 cents.

First Annual Report of the Department of Statistics and Geology of the State of Indiana. Indianapolis, Ind. 1880. Pp. 514.

An Elementary Text-book of Botany. Translated from the German of Dr. Prantl. Translation revised by S. II. Vines, M.A., F.L.S., with 275 Illustrations. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1880. Pp. 332. $2.55.

Claims of a Protestant Episcopal Bishop to Apostolical Succession and Valid Orders disproved, with various Misstatements of Catholic Faith, and Numerous Charges against the Church and Holy See corrected and refuted. By Bishop S. V. Ryan. In Two Paris. Buffalo Catholic Publication Co. 1880. Pp. 277. $1.25.

The Obelisk and Freemasonry. By John A. Weisse, M.D. New York: J. W. Bouton, 1880. Pp. 178. $2.

Naso-Pharyngeal Catarrh. By Martin T. Coomes, M.D. Louisville: Bradley & Gilbert. 1880. Pp. 165. $1.