A friendly society (sometimes called a mutual society, benevolent society, fraternal organization or ROSCA) is a mutual association for the purposes of insurance, pensions, savings or cooperative banking. It is a mutual organization or benefit society composed of a body of people who join together for a common financial or social purpose. Before modern insurance, and the welfare state, friendly societies provided financial and social services to individuals, often according to their religious, political, or trade affiliations.— Excerpted from Friendly society on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The name Oddfellows refers to a number of friendly societies and fraternal organisations operating in the United Kingdom. It also refers to a number of Lodges with histories dating back to the 18th century. These various organisations were set up to protect and care for their members and communities at a time when there was no welfare state, trade unions or National Health Service.— Excerpted from Oddfellows on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- Supreme Lodge Knights of Pythias v. Withers, decided April 9, 1900 by the United States Supreme Court
- Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine v. Michaux, decided June 3, 1929 by the United States Supreme Court
- A History of the Brahmo Samaj (1911) (transcription project)