Presidential Election Amendments (1968)

Presidential Election Amendments (1968)
The Government of the United States of America
Proposed 1968 (failed)
4193224Presidential Election Amendments — Proposed 1968 (failed)1968The Government of the United States of America

S.J. Res. 2, 90th Congress, first session; original proposal edit

SECTION 1. At a time determined by the Congress there shall be held in each State and in the District of Columbia an election in which the people thereof shall vote for President and for Vice President. In such election, each voter shall cast a single ballot for two persons who shall have consented to the joining of their names on the ballot for the offices of President and Vice President.

"The legislature of each State shall prescribe the places and manner of holding such election thereof and shall include on the ballot the names of all pairs of persons who have consented to the joining of their names on the ballot for the offices of President and Vice President but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations. The voters in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for persons voting therein for Members of the Congress, but nothing in this article shall prohibit a State from adopting a less restrictive residence requirement for voting for President and Vice President than for Members of the Congress, or prohibit the Congress from adopting uniform residence and age requirements for voting in such election.

“The Congress shall prescribe the qualifications for voting and the places and manner of holding such elections in the District of Columbia.

“Within forty-five days after the election, or at such time as the Congress may direct, the official custodian of the election returns of each State and the District of Columbia shall prepare, sign, certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate, a list of all persons for whom votes were cast for President and for Vice President, together with the number of votes cast for each.

"SEC. 2. On the 6th day of January following the election, unless the Congress shall by law appoint a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and the House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be totaled. The persons joined as candidates for President and Vice President, having the greatest number of votes shall be declared elected President and Vice President, respectively, if such number be a plurality amounting to at least 40 per centum of the total number of votes certified. If none of the pairs of persons joined as candidates for President and Vice President shall have at least 40 per centum of the total number of votes certified, then Congress shall provide by law, uniform throughout the United States, for a runoff election to be held between the two pairs of persons joined as candidates for President and Vice President, respectively, who received the highest number of votes certified.

"SEC. 3. If, at the time fixed for the counting of the certified vote totals from the respective States, the presidential candidate who would have been entitled to election as President shall have died, the vice presidential candidate entitled to election as Vice President shall be declared elected President.

“The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death or withdrawal, prior to the election provided for in section 1, of a candidate for President or for Vice President and for the case of the death of both the persons who, except for their death, would have been entitled to become President and Vice President.

“SEC. 4. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

S.J. Res. 2, 90th Congress, first session; amendment edit

SECTION 1. The President and Vice President shall be elected by the people of the several States and the district constituting the seat of government of the United States.

"SEC. 2. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of Senators and Representatives in Congress from that State, except that the legislature of any State may prescribe lesser qualifications with respect to residence and Congress may establish uniform residence and age qualifications.

"SEC. 3. The persons having the greatest number of votes for President and Vice President shall be elected, if such number be at least 40 per centum of the whole number of votes cast for such offices. If no persons have such number, a runoff election shall be held in which the choice of President and Vice President shall be made from the persons who received the two highest numbers of votes for each office.

"SEC. 4. The times, places, and manner of holding such election and entitlement to inclusion on the ballot shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations. The Congress shall prescribe by law the time, place, and manner in which the results of such elections shall be ascertained and declared.

"SEC. 5. Each elector shall cast a single vote jointly applicable to President and Vice President. Names of candidates shall not be joined unless they have consented thereto and no candidate shall consent to his name being joined with that of more than one other person.

"SEC. 6. The days for such elections shall be determined by Congress and shall be uniform throughout the United States.

"SEC. 7. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any candidate for President or Vice President before the day on which a President-elect or a Vice-President-elect has been chosen ; and for the case of a tie in any election.

"SEC. 8. This article shall be imperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress."

S.J. Res. 3, 90th Congress, first session edit

"SEC. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as provided in this Constitution.

"SEC. 2. The nominees of each political party for election as President shall be nominated in primary elections held in the several States as provided by this section. The places and manner of holding such primary elections shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof. Congress shall determine the time of such primary elections, which shall be the same throughout the United States. The voters in such primary elections in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the legislature of such State. Any such voter shall be eligible to vote only in the primary of the political party of his registered affiliation. No person shall be a candidate for nomination except in the primary of the political party of his registered affiliation, and the name of each such candidate shall appear on the ballot of that party in all of the States. A political party shall be recognized as such for the purposes of any primary election held pursuant to this article if at any time within four years preceding such election the number of its registered members shall have exceeded 10 per centum of the total number of registered voters in the United States.

“Within fifteen days after any such primary, or at such time as the Congress shall direct, the official custodian of the election returns of each State shall make separate lists of all persons for whom votes were cast as nominee for President and the number of votes for each, which lists he shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, open all certificates, and the votes shall be counted.

"Each political party in each State shall be entitled to a number of nominating votes equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which such State may be entitled in the Congress. Each person for whom votes were cast as nominee for President in any State shall be credited with such proportion of his party's nominating votes in such State as he receives of the total popular vote of his party therein for President. In making the computation fractional numbers less than one one-thousandth shall be disregarded unless a more detailed calculation would change the result of the election. The person having a majority of the nominating votes as nominee for President in the case of each party shall be the nominee of that party for President. If in any political party no person receives a majority of the nominating votes as nominee for President, then a second primary for that political party shall be held and the names of the two persons seeking the Presidential nomination of that party who have received the greatest number of nominating votes in the first primary shall appear on the second primary ballot, and the one person receiving the greater number of nominating votes in the second primary shall be the nominee of that political party for President.

“In the event of the death or resignation, prior to the election, of the nominee of any political party for President, the national committee of such party shall designate a successor, but in choosing such successor the vote shall be taken by States, the delegation from each State having one vote. A quorum for such purpose shall consist of a delegate or delegates from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all States shall be necessary to a choice.

"SEC. 3. The electoral college system of electing the President and Vice President of the United States is hereby abolished. The President and Vice President shall be elected by the people of the several States. The voters in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. The places and manner of holding such election shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof. Congress shall determine the time of such election, which shall be the same throughout the United States. Until otherwise determined by the Congress, such election shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the year in which the regular term of the President is to begin. Each State shall be entitled to a number of electoral votes equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which such State may be entitled in the Congress.

"Within forty-five days after such election, or at such time as the Congress shall direct, the official custodian of the election returns of each State shall make distinct lists of all persons for whom votes were cast for President and the number of votes for each, and the total vote of the electors of the State for all persons for President, which lists he shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. On the 6th day of January following the election, unless the Congress by law appoints a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives open all certificates and the votes shall then be counted. Each person for whom votes were cast for President in each State shall be credited with such proportion of the electoral votes thereof as he received of the total vote of the electors therein for President. In making the computations, fractional numbers less than one-thousandth shall be disregarded. The person having the greatest number of electoral votes for President shall be President, if such number be at least 40 per centum of the whole number of such electoral votes. If no person have at least 40 per centum of the whole number of electoral votes, then from the persons having the two highest numbers of electoral votes for President, the Senate and the House of Representatives sitting in joint session shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. A majority of the votes of the combined authorized membership of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall be necessary for a choice.

"The Vice President shall be likewise elected, at the same time and in the same manner and subject to the same provisions, as the President, but no person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States.

"The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and the House of Representatives may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

"SEC. 4. Whenever the powers and duties of the office of President shall devolve upon the Vice President or upon one of the persons designated by the Congress to act as President in the absence of a Vice President, and the date of the next general election for Senators and Representatives in Congress to be held more than ninety days after such powers and duties shall have so devolved is at least two years prior to the date on which the next regular quadrennial election for President is to be held, a special election shall be held in the several States for the purpose of choosing a President and Vice President. Such special election shall be held at the time of the next general election for Senators and Representatives in Congress, and, except as provided in this section, candidates for such special election shall be nominated and elected in the same manner as in the case of regular elections. The lists required by the first section of this article to be transmitted to the seat of the Government shall be transmitted within ten days after the election and shall be opened and the votes counted on the fifteenth day following such election. A President and Vice President elected at a special election held pursuant to this section shall take office on the fifth day following the day on which the result of such election shall have been determined and shall hold office until noon on the 20th day of January following the expiration of four years after the date on which they take office, and the terms of their successors shall then begin. Thereafter, except as provided in this section, the terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January in each fourth year, and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

"SEC. 5. Paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, and the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution, and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution, are hereby repealed.

“SEC. 6. This article shall take effect two years following its ratification.

“Sec. 7. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.”

S.J. Res. 6, 90th Congress, first session edit

"SECTION 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be nominated and elected as hereinafter provided.

"SEC. 2. The official candidates of political parties for President and Vice President shall be nominated at a primary election by direct popular vote. Voters in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature, but, in the primary election each voter shall be eligible to vote only in the primary of the party of his registered affiliation. The time of such primary election shall be the same throughout the United States, and, unless the Congress shall by law appoint a different day, such primary election shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in August in the year preceding the expiration of the regular term of President and Vice President. No person shall be a candidate for nomination for President or Vice President except in the primary of the party of his registered affiliation, and his name shall be on that party's ballot in all the States if he shall have filed a petition at the seat of the Government of the United States with the Secretary of State, which petition shall be valid only if (1) it is determined by the Secretary of State to in any or all of the several States, equal in number to at least 1 per centum, but not more than 2 per centum, of the total number of popular votes cast throughout the United States for all candidates for President (or, in the case of the primary election first held after the ratification of this article, for electors of President and Vice President) in the most recent previous presidential election, and (2) it is filed with the Secretary of State not later than the first Tuesday after the first Monday in June of the year in which the next primary election for President and Vice President is to be held. No person's name shall appear on the ballot in any primary election as a candidate for nomination for both President and Vice President; but the foregoing shall not, except in the case of a runoff election, prohibit the name of a candidate for nomination for President, or the name of any other person, from being written on the ballot by the voters for nomination for Vice President, or the name of a candidate for nomination for Vice President, or the name of any other person, from being written on the ballot by the voters for nomination for President.

“SEC. 3. For the purposes of this article a political party shall be recognized as such if at any time within four years next preceding a primary election the Secretary of State determines such party has had registered as members thereof more than 5 per centum of the total registered voters in the United States.

“SEC. 4. Within fifteen days after such primary election, the chief executive of each State shall make distinct lists of all persons of each political party for whom votes were cast, and the number of votes for each such person, which lists shall be signed, certified, and transmitted under the seal of such State to the seat of the Government of the United States directed to the Secretary of State, who shall forthwith open all certificates and count the votes. The person receiving a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for presidential nominees by the voters of the party of his registered affiliation shall be the official candidate of such party for President throughout the United States, and the person receiving a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for vice-presidential nominees by the voters of the party of his registered affiliation shall be the official candidate of such party for Vice President throughout the United States. If no person receives a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for presidential nominees by the voters of a political party, a runoff election to determine the nominee of such political party for President shall be conducted throughout the United States on the twenty-eighth day after the day on which the primary election was held. Such runoff election shall be between the two persons who received the greatest number of popular votes cast for presidential nominees by the voters of such political party in the primary election. If no person receives a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for vice-presidential nominees by the voters of a political party, a runoff election to determine the nominee of such political party for Vice President shall be conducted throughout the United States on the twenty-eighth day after the day on which the primary election was held. Such runoff election shall be between the two persons who received the greatest number of popular votes cast for vice-presidential nominees by the voters of such political party in the primary election. No person ineligible to vote in the primary election of any political party shall be eligible to vote in a runoff election of such political party. Within fifteen days after a runoff election for the nomination of a political party for President or Vice President, the chief executive of each State shall, in the case of a runoff election for nomination for President, transcribe on an appropriate document the names of the two persons on the party's ballot for nomination for President and the number of votes cast in such State for each, and, in the case of a runoff election for nomination for Vice President, transcribe on an appropriate document the names of the two persons on the party's ballot for nomination for Vice President and the number of votes cast in such State for each, which documents shall be signed, certified, and transmitted under the seal of such State to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the Secretary of State, who shall forthwith open all certificates and count the votes. The person receiving the majority of popular votes for President in a runoff election to elect a nominee for President shall be the official candidate of such political party for President throughout the United States. The person receiving the majority of popular votes for Vice President in a runoff election to elect a nominee for Vice President shall be the official candidate of such political party for Vice President throughout the United States.

“SEC. 5. In the event a person shall receive in any such primary election, as the result of write-in votes, a majority of the total number of votes cast by the voters of the party of his registered affiliation for nominees for President and a majority of the total number of votes cast by such voters for nominees for Vice President, such person shall declare which nomination he accepts; and a runoff election shall be conducted for the nomination such person does not accept be tween the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such nomination.

"In the event a person shall receive in any such primary election, as the result of write-in votes, the highest or second highest number of votes cast by the voters of the party of his registered affiliation for nominees for President (and no person receives a majority) and the highest or second highest number of votes cast by such voters for nominees for Vice President (and no person receives a majority), such person shall declare the office for which he will be a candidate in the runoff election provided for in section 4 of this article and such person may not be a candidate for nomination for the other office. The runoff election for the nomination for such other office shall be between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such other office.

“In the event a person shall receive in any such primary election, as the result of write-in votes, a majority of the total number of votes cast by the voters of the party of his registered affiliation for nominees for President and the highest or second highest number of votes cast by such voters for nominees for Vice President (and no person receives a majority), or such person receives a majority of the total number of votes cast for nominees for Vice President and the highest or second highest number of votes cast for nominees for President (and no person receives a majority), such person may, in either such case, accept a nomination for the office for which he received a majority of the votes cast, and a runoff election shall be conducted for the other office between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such office; or, such person may refuse the nomination for the office for which he received a majority of the votes cast and declare himself a candidate in the runoff election provided for in section 4 of this article for the office for which he received the highest or second highest number of votes. If such person refuses the nomination for an office for which he received a majority of the votes cast, a runoff election shall be conducted for such office between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such office. Any runoff election provided for in this section shall be conducted at the same time, and the results thereof certified in the same manner, as provided for runoff elections under section 4 of this article.

"If, in any case in which a runoff election would otherwise be held, only one candidate of a party remains for nomination for President or Vice President, as the case may be, such candidate shall be the official candidate of such party for such office and no runoff election shall be conducted for such office.

“SEC. 6. In the event of the death or resignation of the official candidate of any political party for President, the person nominated by such political party for Vice President shall be the official candidate of such party for President. In the event of the deaths or resignations of the official candidates of any political party for President and Vice President, or in the event of the death or resignation of the official candidate of any political party for Vice President, a national committee of such party shall designate such candidate or candidates, who shall then be deemed the official candidate or candidates of such party, but in choosing such candidate or candidates the vote shall be taken by States, the delegation from each State having one vote. A quorum for such purposes shall consist of a delegate or delegates from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all States shall be necessary to a choice.

"SEC. 7. The electoral college system of electing the President and Vice President of the United States is hereby abolished. The President and Vice President of the United States shall be elected at a general election by the people of the several States by direct popular vote of the qualified voters in each State who shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. The time of such election shall be the same throughout the United States, and unless the Congress shall by law appoint a different day, such election shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in the year preceding the expiration of the regular term of the President and Vice President. The names of candidates officially nominated in primaries as herein provided, and only such names, shall appear upon the official ballot in every State for the offices of President and Vice President; but the foregoing shall not, except in the case of a runoff election, prohibit the names of a candidate for President, or the name of any other person, from being written on the ballot by the voters for Vice President or the name of a candidate for Vice President, or the name of any other person, from being written on the ballot by the voters for President.

"SEC. 8. Within fifteen days after such general election, the chief executive of each State shall make distinct lists of all persons receiving votes for President and all persons receiving votes for Vice President, and the number of votes cast in such State for each, which list shall be signed, certified, and transmitted under the seal of such State to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the Secretary of State, who shall forthwith open all certificates and count the votes. The person receiving a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for President shall be President, and the person receiving a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for Vice President shall be Vice President. If no person receives a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for President, a runoff election to choose the President shall be conducted throughout the United States on the twenty-eighth day after the day on which the general election was held. Such runoff election shall be between the two persons who received the greatest number of popular votes for President cast in the general election. If no person receives a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for Vice President, a runoff election to choose the Vice President shall be conducted throughout the United States on the twenty-eighth day after the day on which the general election was held. Such runoff election shall be between the two persons who received the greatest number of popular votes for Vice President cast in the general election. Within fifteen days after a runoff election to choose a President or Vice President, the chief executive of each State shall, in the case of a runoff election for President, transcribe on an appropriate document the names of the two persons on the ballot for President and the number of votes cast in such State for each, or, in the case of a runoff election for Vice President, transcribe on an appropriate document the names of the two persons on the ballot for Vice President, and the number of votes cast in such State for each, which document shall be signed, certified, and transmitted under the seal of such State to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the Secretary of State, who shall forthwith open all certificates and count the votes. The persons receiving the majority of popular votes for President in a runoff election for President shall be President. The person receiving the majority of popular votes for Vice President in a runoff election for Vice President shall be Vice President. No person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President.

"SEC. 9. In the event a person shall receive in any such general election, as the result of write-in votes, a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for President and a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for Vice President, such person shall declare which office he accepts; and a runoff election shall be conducted for the office such person did not accept between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such office.

"In the event a person shall receive in any such general election, as the result of write-in votes, the highest or second highest number of popular votes cast for President (and no person receives a majority) and the highest or second highest number of popular votes cast for Vice President (and no person receives a majority), such person shall declare the office for which he will be a candidate in the runoff election provided for in section 8 of this article and such person may not be a candidate for the other office. The runoff election for such other office shall be between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such other office.

"In the event a person shall receive in any such general election, as the result of write-in votes, a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for President and the highest or second highest number of popular votes cast for Vice President (and no person receives a majority), or he receives a majority of the total number of popular votes cast for Vice President and the highest or second highest number of popular votes cast for President (and no person receives a majority), such person may, in either such case, accept the office for which he received a majority of the votes cast, and a runoff election shall be conducted for the other office between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such office; or, such person may refuse the office for which he received a majority of the votes cast and declare himself a candidate in the runoff election provided for in section 8 of this article for the office for which he received the highest or second highest number of votes. If such person refuses the office for which he received a majority of the votes cast, a runoff election shall be conducted for such office between the two persons who received the next highest number of votes for such office. Any runoff election provided for in this section

shall be conducted at the same time, and the results thereof certified in the same manner, as provided for runoff elections under section 8 of this article.

"If, in any case in which a runoff election would otherwise be held, only one candidate remains for the office of President or Vice President, as the case may be, such candidates shall be deemed elected to such office and no runoff election shall be conducted for such office.

"SEC. 10. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

"SEC. 11. The Congress shall have power to provide by appropriate legislation for cases in which two or more persons receive an equal number of popular votes for President or Vice President in any such primary or general election.

"SEC. 12. The Congress shall have power to provide by appropriate legislation for methods of determining any dispute or controversy that may arise in the counting and canvassing of the votes for President and Vice President in any such primary or general election. The places and manner of holding such primary or general election shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations.

"SEC. 13. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of the submission thereof to the States by the Congress."

S.J. Res. 7, 90th Congress, first session edit

SECTION 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during a term of four years, and together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as provided in this Constitution. No person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President shall be eligible for that of Vice President of the United States.

Each State shall be entitled to cast for President and Vice President a number of electoral votes equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which such State may be entitled in the Congress. Such electoral votes shall be cast, in the manner provided by section 3 of this article, upon the basis of an election in which the people of such State shall cast their votes for President and for Vice President. The voters in each State in any such election shall have the qualifications requisite for persons voting for members of the most numerous branch of the State legislature.

“The Congress shall determine the time of such election, which shall be the same throughout the United States. Until otherwise determined by the Congress, such election shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the year in which the regular term of the President is to begin.

"SEC. 2. In such election within any State, each voter by one ballot shall cast his vote for President and his vote for Vice President. The name of any person may be placed upon any ballot for President or for Vice President only with the consent of such person.

"Within forty-five days after the election, or at such time as the Congress shall direct, the official custodian of the election returns of each State shall prepare, sign, certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate, a list of all persons for whom votes were cast for President and a separate list of all persons for whom votes were cast for Vice President. Upon each such list there shall be entered the number of votes cast for each person whose name appears thereon, and the total number of votes cast in such State for all persons whose names appear thereon.

“SEC. 3. On the 6th day of January following the election, unless the Congress

by law appoints a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the electoral votes shall then be counted. Each person for whom votes were cast for President in each State shall be credited with such proportion of the electoral votes thereof as he received of the total vote of the electors therein for President, and each person for whom votes were cast for Vice President in each State shall be credited with such proportion of the electoral votes thereof as he received of the total vote of the electors therein for Vice President. In making the computations, fractional numbers less than one thousand shall be disregarded. The person having the greatest number of electoral votes for President shall be President, if such number be at least 40 per centum of the whole number of such electoral votes. If no person has at least 40 per centum of the whole number of electoral votes, then from the persons having the three highest number of electoral votes for President, the Senate and the House of Representatives sitting in joint session shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. A majority of the votes of the combined authorized membership of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall be necessary for a choice.

"The Vice President shall be likewise elected, at the same time and in the same manner and subject to the same provisions, as the President, but no person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States.

"SEC. 4. If, at the time fixed for the counting of the electoral votes as provided in section 3, the presidential candidate who would have been entitled to receive a majority of the electoral votes for President has died, the vice-presidential candidate who is entitled to receive the majority of the electoral votes for Vice President shall become President-elect.

"SEC. 5. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and House of Representatives may choose a President or a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of death of both the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who, except for their death, would have been entitled to become President and Vice President.

“SEC. 6. The first, second, third, and fourth paragraphs of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution, and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution, are hereby repealed.

"SEC. 7. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.”

S.J. Res. 12, 90th Congress, first session edit

SECTION 1. Each State shall choose a number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be chosen an elector.

"The electors to which a State is entitled by virtue of its Senators shall be elected by the people thereof, and the electors to which it is entitled by virtue of its Representatives shall be elected by the people within single-elector districts established by the legislature thereof; such districts to be composed of compact and contiguous territory, containing as nearly as practicable the number of persons which entitled the State to one Representative in the Congress; and such districts when formed shall not be altered until another census has been taken. Before being chosen elector, each candidate for the office shall officially declare the persons for whom he will vote for President and Vice President, which declaration shall be binding on any successor. In choosing electors of President and Vice President the voters in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature, except that the legislature of any State may prescribe lesser qualifications with respect to residence therein.

“The electors shall meet in their respective States, fill any vacancies in their number as directed by the State legislature, and vote by signed ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, excluding therefrom any votes for persons other than those named by an elector before he was chosen, unless one or both of the persons so named be deceased, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and the House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; the person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors chosen; and the person having the greatest number of votes for Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such a number be a majority of the whole number of electors chosen.

"If no person voted for as President has a majority of the whole number of electors, then from the persons having the three highest numbers on the lists of persons voted for as President, the Senate and the House of Representatives, assembled and voting as individual Members of one body, shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President; a quorum for such purpose shall be three-fourths of the whole number of the Senators and Representatives, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice; if additional ballots be necessary, the choice on the fifth ballot shall be between the two persons having the highest number of votes on the fourth ballot.

"If no person voted for as Vice President has a majority of the whole number of electors, then the Vice President shall be chosen from the persons having the three highest numbers on the lists of persons voted for as Vice President in the same manner as herein provided for choosing the President. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States.

"SEC. 2. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and the House of Representatives may choose a President or a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

"SEC. 3. This article supersedes the second and fourth paragraphs of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution. Except as herein expressly provided, this article does not supersede the twenty-third article of amendment.

"SEC. 4. Electors appointed pursuant to the twenty-third article of amendment to this Constitution shall be elected by the people of such district in such manner as the Congress may direct. Before being chosen as such elector, each candidate shall officially declare the persons for whom he will vote for President and Vice President, which declaration shall be binding on any successor. Such electors shall meet in the district and perform the duties provided in section 1 of this article.

“SEC. 5. This article shall take effect on the 1st day of July following its ratification."

S.J. Res. 15, 90th Congress, first session edit

“SECTION 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during a term of four years, and together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, shall be elected at a general election by the people of the several States and the District of Columbia by direct popular vote. No person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President shall be eligible for that of Vice President of the United States.

"The Congress shall determine the time of such election, which day shall be the same throughout the United States. Until otherwise determined by the Congress, such election shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November of the year preceding that in which the regular term of the President and Vice President expires.

“The persons voting in each State in such election shall have the qualifications requisite for persons voting for members of the most numerous branch of the legislature of that State, except that in each State and the District of Columbia no person who has not reached the eighteenth anniversary of his day of birth, on or before the date of election, shall be permitted to vote for President and Vice President. The places and manner of holding such election shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations. The Congress shall establish voting requirements for persons voting in such election in the District of Columbia and shall prescribe the places and manner of holding such election therein. The candidates for the offices of President and Vice President shall be selected in such manner as the Congress shall be law provide. The names of the candidates so selected shall be placed on the ballot in each State and in the District of Columbia and shall so appear thereon that a single vote will be cast by each voter for the candidate of a political party for the office of the President and the candidate of the same party for the office of the Vice President.

"SEC. 2. Within forty-five days after such election, or at such time as Congress shall direct, the official custodian of election returns of each State and the District of Columbia shall make distinct lists of all persons for whom votes were cast for President and Vice President and the number of votes for each, which lists he shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.

"On the sixth day of January following election, unless the Congress by law appoints a different day, not earlier than the fourth day of January and not later than the tenth day of January, the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all certificates and the votes shall then be counted.

"The candidates for the offices of President and Vice President having the greatest number of votes, amounting to at least 40 per centum of the total popular votes cast, shall be President and Vice President, respectively.

"If none of the candidates for President and Vice President shall have at least 40 per centum of the total number of votes cast, then Congress shall provide by law, uniform throughout the United States, for a runoff election to be held between the two pairs of persons joined as candidates for President and Vice President, respectively, who received the highest number of votes cast.

“SEC. 3. If, at the time fixed for the counting of the certified vote totals from the respective States, the presidential candidate who would have been entitled to election as President has died, the vice-presidential candidate entitled to election as Vice President shall become President.

"SEC. 4. The first, second, third, and fourth paragraphs of section 1, Article II of the Constitution, the twelfth article of the amendment to the Constitution, and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution are hereby repealed.

“SEC. 5. This article shall take effect on the first day of June following its ratification.

"SEC. 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States, within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by Congress.”

S.J. Res. 21, 90th Congress, first session edit

"SECTION 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during a term of four years, and together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as provided in this Constitution. No person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President shall be eligible for that of Vice President of the United States.

"SEC. 2. Each State shall be entitled to a number of electoral votes equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which such State may be entitled in the Congress. There shall be held in each State an election to determine what candidates for the offices of President and Vice President shall receive the electoral votes of that State. The voters in such election shall vote for the candidate of a political party for President and for the candidate of the same political party for Vice President. The candidate for President receiving the greatest number of popular votes in any State shall receive all of the electoral votes of that State for President, except that if the candidates of more than one political party receive an equal number of popular votes in any State and such number is greater than the number received by any other candidate, the electoral votes of the State shall be divided equally among the candidates of such parties. The candidate for Vice President of a party whose candidate for President receives electoral votes of a State for President shall receive the same number of electoral votes of such State for Vice President. If, in any State, the candidate of any political party for President receives popular votes as the candidate of more than one political party for President and different persons are the candidates of any of such parties for Vice President, the electoral votes of such State for Vice President shall be given to the candidate for Vice President of the political party as the candidate of which the candidate receiving the electoral votes of such State for President received the greatest number of popular votes. The voters in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. The places and manner of holding such election shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations. The Congress shall determine the time of such election, which shall be the same throughout the United States, and, unless otherwise determined by the Congress, such election shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the year in which the regular term of President and Vice President is to begin.

“SEC. 3. Within forty-five days after the election, the chief executive of each State shall make distinct lists showing the number of votes cast in such State for each of the candidates for the offices of President and Vice President, the names of the candidates receiving the electoral votes of such State, and the number of such electoral votes, which lists shall be signed, certified, and transmitted under the seal of such State to the seat of the Government of the United States directed to the President of the Senate. On the 6th day of January following the election, unless Congress by law appoints a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall in the presence of the House of Representatives open all the certificates and the result of the election shall then be ascertained. The person having the greatest number of electoral votes for President shall be the President, if such number is a majority of the whole number of the electoral votes; and if no person has such a majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those receiving electoral votes for President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. In choosing the President the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote. A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. The person receiving the greatest number of electoral votes for Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such number is a majority of the whole number of the electoral votes; and if no person has such a majority, then from the persons having the two highest numbers on the list of those receiving electoral votes for Vice President, the Senate shall choose the Vice President. A quorum for this purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any person who, except for his death, would have been entitled to receive a majority of the electoral votes for President or Vice President.

"SEC. 4. Paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, and the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution are hereby repealed.

"SEC. 5. This article shall apply to the election of Presidents and Vice Presidents whose regular terms begin more than two years after it ratification. on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the year in which the regular term of the President is to begin. In such election within any State or the District of Columbia, each voter by one ballot shall cast his vote for President and for Vice President.

“SEC. 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress."

S.J. Res. 25, 90th Congress, first session edit

"SECTION 1. The President and Vice President shall be chosen by electoral votes cast by the States and by the District of Columbia as provided by this article. Each State shall be entitled to cast a number of electoral votes for each such office equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State is entitled in the Congress. The District of Columbia shall be entitled to cast a number of electoral votes for each such office equal to the number of electors for each such office which it would have been entitled to appoint if this article had not been ratified.

“SEC. 2. The number of electoral votes so cast by each State for each person for the office of President and for the office of Vice President shall be determined by an election in which the people of such State shall give their votes for President and for Vice President. The voters in each State in any such election shall have the qualifications requisite for persons voting for members of the most numerous branch of the State legislature.

"The two electoral votes of each State for each such office to which such State is entitled by reason of its representation in the Senate shall be cast for the person who receives the greatest number of votes for that office given within that State in such election.

"One electoral vote of each State for each such office shall be cast for the person who receives the greatest number of votes for that office given in such election within each district established within that State for the selection of a single Representative of that State in the House of Representatives.

“If one or more such Representatives of a State are selected by votes given within the State at large, electoral votes of that State for the office of President or Vice President shall be cast, in number equal to the number of such Representatives selected by votes given within the State at large, for the person who receives in such election the greatest number of votes for that office given within that State.

"SEC. 3. The number of electoral votes so cast by the District of Columbia for each person for the office of President and for the office of Vice President shall be determined by an election in which the people of the District of Columbia shall give their votes for President and for Vice President, and which shall be conducted in such manner as the Congress may direct. The Congress shall establish within the District of Columbia electoral districts in number equal to the number of electoral votes to which the District of Columbia is entitled. One electoral vote of the District of Columbia for each such office shall be cast for the person who receives the greatest number of votes for that office given in such election within each such electoral district.

"SEC. 4. The time of the election conducted by the several States and the District of Columbia under this article shall be the same throughout the United States. Until otherwise determined by the Congress, such election shall be held

"SEC. 5. Within forty-five days after the election, or at such time as the Congress shall direct, the official custodian of the election returns of each State and of the District of Columbia shall prepare, sign, certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate, a list of all persons for whom electoral votes are cast for President and a separate list of all persons for whom electoral votes are cast for Vice President. Upon each such list there shall be entered the number of electoral votes cast for each person whose name appears thereon, and the total number of electoral votes cast by such State or the District of Columbia for all persons whose names appear thereon.

"SEC. 6. On the 6th day of January following the election, unless the Congress by law appoints a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the electoral votes shall then be counted.

"SEC. 7. The person having the greatest number of electoral votes cast by the States and the District of Columbia for the President shall be the President-elect, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electoral votes cast; and the person having the greatest number of electoral votes for Vice President shall be the Vice President-elect, if such a number be a majority of the whole number of electoral votes cast.

"If no person voted for as President has a majority of the whole number of electoral votes so cast, the Senate and the House of Representatives, assembled and voting as individual Members of one body, shall choose immediately by ballot the President-elect from the persons having the three highest numbers of electoral votes on the lists of persons voted for as President. A quorum for such purpose shall be three-fourths of the whole number of the Senators and Representatives, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. If additional ballots be necessary, the choice on the fifth ballot shall be between the two persons having the highest number of votes on the fourth ballot.

“If no person voted for as Vice President has a majority of the whole number of electoral votes cast by the States and the District of Columbia, the Vice President-elect shall be chosen, in the same manner as herein provided for choosing the President-elect, from the persons having the three highest numbers of electoral votes on the lists of persons voted for as Vice President. No person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States.

"SEC. 8. The Congress may provide by law for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and House of Representatives may choose a President-elect or a Vice-President-elect whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any person who, except for his death, would have become President-elect or Vice-President-elect.

"SEC. 9. The second, third, and fourth paragraphs of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution, and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution, are hereby superseded. Except as herein expressly provided, this article does not supersede the twenty-third article of amendment to the Constitution.

"SEC. 10. This article shall take effect on the first day of July following its ratification, except that it shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.”

S.J. Res. 55, 90th Congress, first session edit

"SECTION 1. The President and Vice President shall be chosen as provided in this article. Each State shall choose a number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress.

"SEC. 2. The electors to which a State is entitled by virtue of its Senators shall be chosen at large by the people thereof, and the electors to which a State is entitled by virtue of its Representatives shall be chosen by the people thereof within the same districts established for the purpose of choosing Representatives to the Congress. The people of each such district shall choose one elector except when one or more of the Representatives of such State are chosen within the State at large the people of such district shall be entitled to vote for a number of electors equal to the number of Representatives for which they are entitled to vote. Before being chosen elector, each candidate for the office of elector shall officially declare the persons for whom he will vote for President and Vice President, and such declaration shall be binding upon such elector and any person appointed to act for such elector in the event of the death or disability of such elector. No Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be chosen an elector. In choosing electors of President and Vice President the voters of each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature, except that the legislature of any such State may prescribe lesser qualifications with respect to residence therein.

"SEC. 3. Within forty-five days after electors shall have been chosen, or at such time as the Congress shall direct, they shall meet in their respective States and the District of Columbia and vote by signed ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, excluding therefrom any votes for persons other than those named by an elector before he was chosen, unless one or both of the persons so named be deceased or otherwise have been removed from consideration for either of such offices, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the President of the Senate.

"In any case in which the person for whom an elector is committed to vote for as President dies or is otherwise removed from consideration for such office prior to the time that electors meet to cast their votes for President, such elector shall be free to cast his vote as he chooses, and in any case in which the person for whom an elector is committed to vote for as Vice President dies or is otherwise removed from consideration from such office prior to the time that electors meet to cast their votes for Vice President, such elector shall be free to cast his vote for Vice President as he chooses.

"SEC. 4. On the 6th day of January following the election of the electors, unless the Congress by law appoints a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and the House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted. Each person for whom votes were cast for President shall be credited with the number of electoral votes cast for him as President, and each person for whom votes were cast for Vice President shall be credited with the number of electoral votes cast for him for Vice President. The person having the greatest number of electoral votes for President shall be the President-elect if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors chosen, and the person having the greatest number of electoral votes for Vice President shall be the Vice-President-elect, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors chosen.

"If no person voted for as President has a majority of the whole number of electoral votes so cast, the Senate and the House of Representatives, assembled and voting as individual Members of one body, shall choose immediately by ballot the President-elect from the persons having the three highest numbers of electoral votes on the lists of persons voted for as President. A quorum for such purpose shall be three-fourths of the whole number of the Senators and Representatives, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. If additional ballots be necessary, the choice on the fifth ballot shall be between the two persons having the highest number of votes on the fourth ballot.

"If no person voted for as Vice President has a majority of the whole number of electoral votes so cast, the Vice-President-elect shall be chosen, in the same manner as herein provided for choosing the President-elect, from the persons having the three highest numbers of electoral votes on the lists of persons voted for as Vice President. No person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President.

"SEC. 5. The Congress may provide by law for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and House of Representatives may choose a President-elect or a Vice-President-elect whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any person who, except for his death, would have become President-elect or Vice-President-elect.

"SEC. 6. The second, third, and fourth paragraphs of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution, and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution, are hereby repealed.

"SEC. 7. Electors appointed pursuant to the twenty-third article of amendment to the Constitution shall be elected by the people of such district in such manner as the Congress may direct. Before being chosen as an elector, each candidate shall officially declare the persons for whom he will vote for President and Vice President, and such declaration shall be binding upon such elector and any person appointed to act for such elector in the event of the death or disability of such elector. Such electors shall meet and perform the duties provided in section 3 of this article.

"SEC. 8. This article shall take effect on the first day of July following its ratification, except that it shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress."

S.J. Res. 83, 90th Congress, first session edit

“SECTION 1. In electing the President or the Vice President in those cases when such an election shall devolve upon the House of Representatives or the Senate, respectively, the District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall be entitled to have one vote in the House of Representatives, or two votes in the Senate, as the case may be, to be cast for the person to be named by the electors appointed by the District.

SEC. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.".

S.J. Res. 84, 90th Congress, first session edit

“SECTION 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as provided in this Constitution.

"The office of elector of the President and Vice President, as established by section 1 of article II and the twelfth article of amendment to this Constitution, is hereby abolished. The President and Vice President shall be elected by the people of the several States and the District constituting the seat of government of the United States. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature, except that the legislature of any State may prescribe lesser qualifications with respect to residence therein. The electors in the District shall have such qualifications as the Congress may prescribe. The places and manner of holding such election in each State shall be prescribed by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations. The place and manner of holding such election in the District shall be prescribed by the Congress. Congress shall determine the time of such election, which shall be the same throughout the United States. Until otherwise determined by the Congress, such election shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the year in which the regular term of the President is to begin. Each State shall be entitled to a number of electoral votes equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which such State may be entitled in the Congress. The District shall be entitled to a number of electoral votes equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State.

“Within forty-five days after such election, or at such time as Congress shall direct, the official custodian of the election returns of each State and the District shall make distinct lists of all persons for whom votes were cast for President and the number of votes for each, and the total vote of the electors of the State or the District for all persons for President, which lists he shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. On the 6th day of January following the election, unless the Congress by law appoints a different day not earlier than the 4th day of January and not later than the 10th day of January, the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all certificates and the votes shall then be counted. Each person for whom votes were cast for President in each State and the District shall be credited with such proportion of the electoral votes thereof as he received of the total vote of the electors therein for President. In making the computation, fractional numbers less than one one-thousandth shall be disregarded. The person having the greatest number of electoral votes for President shall be. President, if such number be at least 40 per centum of the whole number of such electoral votes. If no person has at least 40 per centum of the whole number of electoral votes, then from the persons having the two highest number of electoral votes for President, the Senate and the House of Representatives sitting in joint session shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. A majority of the votes of the combined authorized membership of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall be necessary for a choice.

"The Vice President shall be likewise elected, at the same time and in the same manner and subject to the same provisions, as the President, but no person constitutionally ineligible for the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vic President of the United States.

"The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of death of any of the persons from whom the Senate and the House of Representatives may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

"SEC. 2. This article shall take effect on the 10th day of February next after one year shall have elapsed following its ratification."

S.J. Res. 86, 90th Congress, first session edit

"SECTION 1. Each State shall choose a number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State is entitled in the Congress, two electors to be elected at large by the people and one elector to be elected from each congressional district in the State. Electors shall be residents of the State and electors of congressional districts from the district from which elected. Each candidate for the office of elector shall be pledged to the two persons paired together for whom he will vote for President and Vice President and may campaign for them if nominated. In the event of the death, disability, or inability to act of any elector prior to completing his duties of office, a substitute who shall honor his pledge shall be designated by a standing committee of seven established for that purpose by the State legislature. In the event of the death of any candidate for President and Vice President during the election campaign, substitutions shall promptly be made by a committee of seven established for that purpose by the convention at which they were nominated. Electors shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature, but no United States Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be chosen an elector.

“Sec. 2. The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by separate signed ballots for President and Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. They shall tally the ballots cast and certify and transmit the tally list sealed to the President of the Senate who, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives assembled, shall open the tally lists and the votes shall then be counted. The persons receiving the greatest number of votes cast for President and Vice President paired together shall be the President and Vice President.

"SEC. 3. If the persons voted on for President and Vice President paired together are tied for the highest number of votes cast with other persons voted on for President and Vice President paired together, then the President of the Senate, in the presence of the assembled Senate and House of Representatives, shall select the President and Vice President by drawing between the pairs of persons tied for the highest number of votes for President and Vice President.

"SEC. 4. Electors appointed pursuant to the twenty-third article of amendment to the Constitution shall be elected by the people of the District of Columbia and other areas to which suffrage may be extended and in the manner as the Congress may direct. Such electors shall perform all duties and responsibilities of electors provided for in this article.

"SEC. 5. This article supersedes the second paragraph of section 1, article II, of the Constitution, the twelfth article of amendment to the Constitution and section 4 of the twentieth article of amendment to the Constitution. Except as herein expressly provided, this article does not supersede the twenty-third article of amendment."