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By Walter Lippmann:

The Poems of Paul Mariett. Edited with an Introduction
A Preface to Politics
Drift and Mastery
The Stakes of Diplomacy
The Political Scene: An Essay on the Victory of 1918
Liberty and the News

PUBLIC OPINION

 

BY

WALTER LIPPMANN

 

NEW YORK
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1929

COPYRIGHT, 1922,

BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

 

Printed in the U. S. A.

TO
FAYE LIPPMANN

Wading River,
Long Island.
1921.

"Behold! human beings living in a sort of underground den, which has a mouth open towards the light and reaching all across the den; they have been here from their childhood, and have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move, and can only see before them; for the chains are arranged in such a manner as to prevent them from turning round their heads. At a distance above and behind them the light of a fire is blazing, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a raised way; and you will see, if you look, a low wall built along the way, like the screen which marionette players have before them, over which they show the puppets.

I see, he said.

And do you see, I said, men passing along the wall carrying vessels, which appear over the wall; also figures of men and animals, made of wood and stone and various materials; and some of the prisoners, as you would expect, are talking, and some of them are silent?

This is a strange image, he said, and they are strange prisoners.

Like ourselves, I replied; and they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave?

True, he said: how could they see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move their heads?

And of the objects which are being carried in like manner they would see only the shadows?

Yes, he said.

And if they were able to talk with one another, would they not suppose that they were naming what was actually before them?"The Republic of Plato, Book Seven. (Jowett Translation.)

CONTENTS

  1. ChapterPART I. INTRODUCTIONPage
  2. I.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    3
  3.  
    PART II. APPROACHES TO THE WORLD OUTSIDE
  4. II.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    35
  5. III.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    46
  6. IV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    58
  7. V.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    64
  8.  
    PART III. STEREOTYPES
  9. VI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    79
  10. VII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    95
  11. VIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    104
  12. IX.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    115
  13. X.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    130
  14.  
    PART IV. INTERESTS
  15. XI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    159
  16. XII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    170
  17.  
    PART V. THE MAKING OF A COMMON WILL
  18. XIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    193
  19. XIV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    220
  20. XV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    234
  21.  
    PART VI. THE IMAGE OF DEMOCRACY
  22. XVI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    253
  23. XVII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    263
  24. XVIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    276
  25. XIX.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    293
  26. XX.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    310
  27.  
    PART VII. NEWSPAPERS
  28. XXI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    317
  29. XXII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    328
  30. XXIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    338
  31. XXIV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    358
  32.  
    PART VIII. ORGANIZED INTELLIGENCE
  33. XXV.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    369
  34. XXVI.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    379
  35. XXVII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    398
  36. XXVIII.
    ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    411


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924.


The author died in 1974, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 30 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.