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APPLETON, a city of Wisconsin, capital of Outagamie county, situated on an eminence overlooking Fox river, 30 m. from its mouth, and 5 m. N. of Lake Winnebago, and on the Wisconsin division of the Chicago and Northwestern railroad, 214 m. from Chicago; pop. in 1870, 4,518. The rapids known as the Grand Chute have here a descent of about 30 feet in a distance of 1½ m. The city is the seat of Lawrence university, a Methodist institution, established in 1847, which in 1871 had 9 instructors, 185 male and 87 female students, and a library of 6,000 volumes.