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KAUFMANN, Theodor, an American painter, born at Uelsen, Hanover, Dec. 18, 1814. He served for several years as a mercantile apprentice, and studied painting in Hamburg, and under Hess in Munich. Implicated in the revolutionary movement of 1847-'9, he left Germany, and in 1850 settled in the United States. He served in the army during the civil war, and afterward resided in Boston. His works include “General Sherman near the Watchfire,” “On to Liberty,” and “A Pacific Railway Train attacked by Indians.” His “American Painting Book” was published at Boston in 1871.