The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Biebermann, Gustav Woldemann von

BIEBERMANN, Gustav Woldemann von, Baron, German historian: b. 5 March 1817; d. 1903. After graduating from the University of Heidelberg, where he had studied law, he practised privately for a while, then entered the government civil service. He rose rapidly in rank in the management of the state railroads, finally becoming chief director of railroads. He made many contributions to the literature on Goethe, among which may be mentioned ‘Goethe und Leipzig’ (2 vols., Leipzig 1865); ‘Zu Goethes Gedichten’ (Leipzig 1870); ‘Goethes Gespräche’ (10 vols., 1889-97).