The Indian Biographical Dictionary (1915)/The Royal Family of Great Britain and Ireland

THE ROYAL FAMILY OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.


THE SOVEREIGN.


His Most Excellent Majesty our Sovereign Lord George the fifth, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

HIS MAJESTY George Frederick Ernest Albert, second and only surviving son of His late Majesty King Edward VII., and of Her Majesty Queen Alexandra, born at Marlborough House, 3rd June, 1865; married at St. James's Palace, 6th July, 1893, H.S.H. Princess Victoria Mary (“May”) Augusta Louisa Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes, now Her Majesty Queen Mary (born 26 May, 1867, Lady of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, has Orders of the Victoria and Albert, and Crown of India, Mus. Doc., LL.D.), only daughter of H.H. the late Francis, Duke of Teck, and H.R.H. the late Princess Mary of Cambridge. Duchess of Teck; created Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killarney, in the peerage of the United Kingdom, 1892, Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, also in the peerage of the United Kingdom, 9 Nov. 1901; ascended the throne on the death of his father 6 May, 1910; crowned at Westminster Abbey, 22 June, 1911; entered the Royal Navy, 1877; Midshipman, 1880; Sub-Lieut. 1881; Lieutenant, 1885; Commander, 1891; Captain, 1893; (Personal Naval A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 1887-1901; to King Edward, 1901); Rear-Admiral 1 Jan. 1901; Vice-Admiral, 26th June, 1903; Admiral, 1 March, 1907; Admiral of the Fleet, 7th May, 1910; gazetted General in the Army 1902, Field-Marshal 7th May, 1910; Field-Marshal in the Prussian Army 16th May, 1911; Colonel in-Chief 1st and 2nd Life Guards, Royal Horse Guards, 10th (Prince of Wales’ Own Royal Hussars, King Edward’s Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regt.), Duke of Lancaster’s Own, Norfolk (The King’s Own Royal Regt.), and Suffolk (Yeomanry). Royal Regiment of Artillery, The Honourable Artillery Company, and 5th London Brigade Royal Field Artillery (Territorial Force), Royal Malta Artillery, Corps of the Royal Engineers, Grenadier Guards, Coldstream Guards, Scots Guards, Irish Guards, The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regt.), 3rd Batt. The Prince of Wales’s Own (West Yorkshire Regt.), The Royal Welsh Fusiliers, The King’s Royal Rifle Corps, The Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders, Princess Victoria’s (Royal Irish) Fusiliers, Officers Training Corps, 1st Duke of York’s Own Lancers (Skinnner’s Horse), 6th King Edward’s Own Cavalry. 11th King Edward’s Own Lancers (Probyn’s Horse), 18th King George’s Own Lancers 26th King George’s Own Light Cavalry, 38th and 39th King George’s Own Central India Horse, 1st King George’s Own Sappers and Miners, 14th King George’s Own Ferozepore Sikhs, 61st King George’s Own Pioneers, 102nd King Edward Own Grenadiers, 130th King George’s Own Baluchis (Jacob’s Rifles, 1st King George’s Own Gurkha Rifles), The Malaun Regt,) 2nd King Edward’s Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles), The Royal Marines, and 8th Isle of Wight Rifles, “Princess Beatrice’s” Battn. the Hampshire Regt.; Hon. Commander of the 1st Dragoon Guards (Germany); Hon. Colonel 8th (Zamora) Infantry Regt.; Sovereign of the Orders of the Garter, the Thistle, St. Patrick, the Bath, the Order of Merit, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the India Empire, the Royal, Victorian, Distinguished Service, and Imperial Service; Sovereign and Patron of the Order of the Hospital of St. Jerusalum in England, and of the Order of Mercy; has received the Orders of the Black Eagle of Prussia, the Golden Fleece of Spain, St. Andrew of Russia, Grand Cordon of the Osmanieh, the Hanedani Ali Osman, and the Murassa Initias of Turkey, the Annunciata of Italy, the White Elephant of Denmark, the Seraphim of Sweden, the Legion of Honour, and many other Foreign Orders; an Elder Brother of the Corporation of Trinity House (formerly Master); President of many Societies, Colleges, etc.. and Patron of many Institutions; installed Chancellor of the University of the Cape of Good Hope, 1901, and of the University of Wales 1902: Hon. D.C.L. Oxford, LL.D. Cambridge, and many other Universities, F.R.S.; was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1905-7; Bencher of Lincoln’s Inn 1892, Treasurer 1904; Trustee of the British Museum; High Steward of Reading and Plymouth; and Member of the Royal Commission on Food Supply in War-time 1903, etc. Visited India as Prince of Wales in 1906 and personally presided over the Durbar at Delhi in 1911, as King-Emperor. Address: Windsor Castle, Berkshire; Buckingham Palace, S.W.; Balmoral Castle, Scotland; Sandringham, Norfolk. Clubs: United Service, Marlborough, etc.

His Majesty has had issue —

H.R.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, K. G.. created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester by Letters Patent under the Great Seal, 23rd June 1901, HEIR APPARENT TO THE CROWN, Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England (1337) , Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Great Steward of Scotland, in the Peerage of Scotland (1469), Duke of Saxony, and Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Born at White Lodge, Sheen, 23rd June, 1894; a Naval Cadet 1907-11, midshipman 1911-12; an undergraduate of Magdalen Coll., Oxford, 1912; has received the orders of the Golden Fleece and the Legion of Honour; proceeded to the Front in the great continental war and appointed A.D.C. to Genrl. Sir John French, 1914.

H.R.H. Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George. Born 14th Dec. 1895; is a Naval Cadet.

H.R.H. Prince Henry Willam Frederick Albert. Born 31st Mar. 1900.

H.R.H. Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund. Born 20th Dec. 1902.

H.R.H. Prince John Charles Francis. Born 12th July. 1905.

H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary. Born 25th Apr. 1897.


HER MAJESTY QUEEN ALEXANDRA.

Alexandra Caroline Mary Charlotte Louisa Julia, eldest daughter of Christian IX., King of Denmark (who died Jan. 29th, 1906), Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of Victoria and Albert and Crown of India, Lady of Justice of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, R.R.C., Governor of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, President of the Nursing Board, Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service, and of the Territorial Force Nursing Service Advisory Council, etc. Born 1st December, 1844: M. 10th March, 1863, His late Majesty King Edward VII.; became Queen Consort and Empress of India on his accession, 22nd January, 1901. Address: Sandringham, Norfolk.

HIS MAJESTY’S BROTHERS, SISTERS, NEPHEWS AND NIECES.

H.R.H. the late Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, Earl of Athlone, K.G., K.P., LL.D. Born 1864; died 1892.

H.R.H. Princess Louiss Victoria Alexandra Dagmar, V.A., C.I., Princess Royal. Born 20 Feb. 1867, M. 27th July 1889, Alexander William. George, 1st Duke of Fife, K.G., K.T., G.C.V.O., P.C., (d. 1912).

Issue —

H.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise, Duchess of Fife.

H.H. Princess Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha of Fife. Born 3 April, 1893.

H.R.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary, V.A., C.I.; a Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Born 6th July, 1868.

H.M. the Queen of Norway (H.R.H. Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria). Born 26 Nov., 1869; M. 22nd July, 1896, H.R.H. Prince Charles of Denmark, who was elected King of Norway 1905, and ascended that throne under the name of King Haakon (or Haco) VII.; Hon. Admiral in British Navy, Hon. Col. Norfolk Yeom.; K.G. 1906. (G.C.B., G.C.V.O. Address: Royal Castle, Christiania; King George’s Palace, Bredgade, Copenhagen.

Issue —

H.R.H. Prince Olaf of Norway (Prince Alexander Edward Christian Frederick of Denmark), b. 2 July, 1903.

The late Prince Alexander John Charles Albert, born 6th April, 1874: died 7 April, 1871.


HIS MAJESTY’S UNCLES, AUNTS, AND COUSINS.

H.R.H. the late Prince Alfred Ernest Albert (died 1900,) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Duke of Edinburgh, and Earl of Kent and of Ulster. Born, 1844; M. 1874, H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna (born 1853), V.A., C.I., Grand Duchess of Russia, only dau. of Alexandra II., Emperor of Russia.

Had issue —

H.R.H. Prince Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Born, 1874: died, 1899. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria, V.A., C.I. Born, 1875; M. 1893, H.R.H. Prince Ferdinand of Roumania, G.C.B., and has living two sons and two daughters.

Princess Victoria Melita, V.A., C.I. Born. 1876; M. 1st, 1894, her cousin, the Grand Duke of Hesse (see below) mar. dissolv. 1901; 2nd Oct. 1905, H.I.H. the Grand Duke Cyril of Russia, and has one daughter.

Princess Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria, V.A., C.I. Born, 1878; M. 1896, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Regent of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and has living one son and three daughters.

Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria. Born 1884: M. 1909, Alfonso, Infante of Spain.

H.R.H. Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C, G.C.B., G.C.S.I,, G.C.M.G., G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O., D.C.L., LL.D., Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Earl of Sussex, Duke of Saxony, and Prince of Saxe-Cohurg-Gotha (renounced succession 1899). Born 1st May, 1860; M. 1879, H.R.H. Princess Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes (born 1860), V.A., C.I., a Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, R.R.C., dau. of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia; entered R.E., 1868, R.A., 1878, Rifle Brigade 1869; became gen. 1893, field-marshal 1902; com. of forces in Ireland 1900-1904; Insp.-Gen. of Forces 1904-1907; Com.-in-chief. Mediterranean Forces, and High Commissioner in the Mediterranean 1907-9; Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada since 1911; President of the Selection Board, and 3rd Army Corps 1901-4; col.-in-chief Inniskilling Dragoons, Highland Light Infantry, Roy. Dublin Fusiliers, Rifle Bgd., 13th Duke of Connaught’s Lancers, 31st Duke of Connaught’s Own Lancers. 7th Duke of Connaught’s Own Rajputs, 129th Duke of Connaught’s Own Baluchis; col. Grenadier Guards; col Army Service Corps: hon. col. South Irish Horse, Royal E. Kent Yomanry, 6th batt. Hampshire regt., 3rd batt. The Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent regt.) 3rd and 4th batt. Highland Light Infantry, 18th batt. The London regt. (London Irish rifles); Chief Personal A.D.C. to the King, formerly Chief Personal A.D.C. to King Edward VII.; Grand Master of the freemasons of England 1901; Great Master of the Bath 1901; Grand Prior of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem since 1910; Great Prior of Ireland; Ranger of Epping Forest; President Institute of Volunteer Commanding Officers 1906; President Duke of York’s Royal Military School; Master of the Trinity House since 1910; a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (Spain), of the Black Eagle (Germany); has Orders of St. Andrew (Russia), St. Stephen (Austria), the Anunziata (Italy), the Elephant (Denmark), the Osmanli (Turkey), the Tower and Sword (Portugal), the Chrysanthemum (Japan), Military Merit (of Spain and Prussia), Medjldie (2nd cl.), and the grand Cross of the Legion of Honour. Address: Bagshot Park, Surrey; Clarence House, St. James’s, London, S.W. Has issue —

H.R.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert, K.G., G.C.V.O., P.C. (1910) Born 1883: ed. at Eton and R.M.C. Sandhust; capt. 2nd Dragoons 1907; personal A.D.C. to the King, late personal A.D.C. to King Edward VII; apptd. head of special mission to invest the Emperor of Japan with Order of Garter, 1905: has Royal Victorian Chain, 1906; also Order of Black Eagle of Prussia, and Grand Cross of Order of Charles III of Spain; is Knight of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem in England.

H.R.H. Princess Margaret Victoria Augusta Charlotte Norah, V.A.C.I. Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Born 1882; mar June 15th. 1905, H.R.H. Prince Oscar Frederick William Olaf Gustavus Adolphus, Duke of Schonen [or Scania]. G.C.B., G.C.V.O., now Crown Prince of Sweden, and has three sons.

H.R.H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth, C.I. Born 1886; a Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England 1910.

H.R.H. the late Prince Leopold George Duncan Albert. K.G., Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, and Baron Arklow, Born 1853; mar. 1882, H.S.H. Princess Helen Frederica Auguste (R.R.C., has the Order of the Leauge of Mercy), dau. of the late Reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont; died 1884, leaving issue:-

H.R.H. Prince Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Born 19th July, 1884; mar. 11th Oct. 1905, H.H. Princess Victoria Adelaide Helena Louise Frederika of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg; succeeded at his birth to his father’s titles, and succeeded his uncle, 1900, as Reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Duke of Julich, Cleve, and Berg, Langrave in Thuringen, Margrave of Meissen, Count of Henneberg, Count von der Mark and Ravensberg, and Lord of Rawenstein and Tonna; ed. at Eton and Postdam; Col.-in-Chief Seaforth Highlanders, Address: The Palace, Coburg; The Schloss, Reichardsbriunn, and Schloss Frienenstein, Gotha; Claremont, Esher, Surrey. Has two sons and two daughters.

H.R.H. Princess Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline, V.A., Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem in England, and Lady Grand Pres. of League of Mercy. Born 1883. Married 1904 H.S.H. Prince Alexander Augustus F.W.A.G. of Teck, G.A.V.O., D.S.O.

H.I.H. the late Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa (the Dowager Empress and Queen Frederick of Germany and Prussia, and Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland). Born 1840; mar. 1858, Prince Frederick William Nicholas Charles of Prussia (afterwards German Emperor and King of Prussia died 1888); died 1901, having had issue:-

Prince Frederick William Victor Albert, K.G., G.C.V.O. (German Emperor and King of Prussia). Born, 1859: Hon. Admiral of the Fleet, 1889; Field-Marshal in British Army, and Colonel-in Chief, 1st Royal Dragoons: succeeded his father, M. 1881, Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein 1888; Sonderburg-Augustenburg, and has living six sons and one daughter.

Prince Albert William Henry, K.G., G.C.B., Hon. Admiral of the British Navy. Born, 1862; M. 1888, his cousin Princess Irene of Hesse V.A., and has living two sons.

Princess Victoria Elizabeth Augusta Charlotte, V.A., C.I. Born, 1860: M. 1878, Bernard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe Meiningen, G.C.B., and has living one daughter.

Princess Frederika Wilhelmina Amelia Victoria, V.A. Born, 1806: M. 1890, H.S.H. Adolphe of Schaumburg-Lippe, G.C.B.

Princess Sophia Dorothea Ulrika Alice, V.A. Born, 1870; M. 1899, the Duke of Sparta (Crown Prince of the Hellenes), G.C.B., and has living three sons and two daughters.

Princess Margaret Beatrice Ferodora. Born, 1872; M. 1893, Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse, G.C.B., and has living six sons.

H.R.H. the late Princess Alice. Born, 1843: M. 1862. H.R.H. Frederick William Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (he died. 1892); died 1878, leaving issue:-

Prince Ernest Louise Charles Albert William, K.G., G.C.B., Grand Duke of Hesse. Born, 1868; succeeded 1892; M. 1894. Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (see above): 2nd. 1903, Eleanor Ernestine Marie, of Solms-Hohensomls-Lich, and has living a son and daughter.

Princess Victoria Alberta Elizabeth Matilda Mary. Born, 1863; M. 1884, Prince Louis of Battenberg (vide Battenberg in Part I.), G.C.B., R.N.. and has living two sons and two daughters.

Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Luise Alice, V.A. Born, 1864; M. 1894, the Grand Duke Serge of Russia, G.C.B., who was assasinated 1905.

Princess Irene Marie Luise Anna. Born, 1866; M. 1888, Prince Henry of Prussia.

Princess Alix Victoria Alice Helena Luise Beatrix (Alexandra Feodorovna), V.A. Born 1872; M. 1894, H.I.M. Nicholas II, Emperor of all the Russias, K.G., Hon. Admiral of the Fleet,. 1908, and has living one son and four daughters.

H.R.H. Helena Augusta Victoria, Princess of the United Kingdom, V.A., C.I., E.E.C. Born, 1846; M. 1866, H.E.H. Prince Frederick Christian Charles Augustus of Schleswig Holstein, K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O.: gen. in the British Array; Personal A.D.C. to the King since 1910: hon. D.C.L. Oxford 1910. Address: Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Great Park. Has had issue —

The late Prince Chrisitan Victor Albert Ludwig Ernest Anton, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. D.S.O.; Capt. and brevat-maj. King’s Royal Rifle Corps; died at Pretoria of fever contracted on service in the South African war, 1900.

Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George, G.C.B., G.C.V.O.: Capt. in Prussian Hussars of the Guard. Born 1869.

Princess Victoria Marie Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia. Helena, V.A., C.I., E.E.C. and has Order of Mercy. Born, 1870.

Princess Franziska Josepha Louise Auguste Marie Christiana Helena, V.A., C.I. Born, 1872; M. 1891, H.H. Prince Aribert of Anhalt, G.C.B. (marriage dissolved, 1900).

H.R.H. Louise Caroline Alberta, Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess of Argyll, V.A., C.I., R.R.C. Born, 1848; M. 1871, the Marquis of Lorne, K.T., G.C.M.G., eldest son of the 1st Duke of Argyll, who succeeded his father, 1900.

H.R.H. Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore, Princess of the United Kingdom. V.A. C.I., R.R.C., Governor of the Isle of Weight, LL.D., (Glasgow Univ.). Born, 1857; M. 1885, Prince Henry Maurice of Battenberg, K.G., P.C., who died of fever contracted during Ashanti Exped. 1896. Address: Osborne Cottage, Isle of Weight: Kensington Palace. Issue —

Prince Alexander Albert, G.C.V.O. 1911; K.C.V.O. 1910. Born, 1886: late midshipman, R.N.; 2nd lieut. Grenadier Guards, 1909.

Prince Leopold Arthur, Louis, K.C.V.O. 1911. Born, 1889: Lieutenant, King’s Roy. Rifle Corps since 1912.

Prince Maurice Victor Donald, K.C.V.O. 1910. Born, 1891. 2nd Lieut, King’s Roy. Rifle Corps since 1911.

Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena, Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain (H.R.H. by Royal command, Apr. 3rd, 1906). Born 1887, M. 1908, H.M. King Alfonso XIII of Spain, K.G., G.C.V O., General in the British Army, Col-in-Chief, 16th Lancers; has two sons and two daus. Prince of Asturias, b. 10th May, 1907: Prince Jaime, b. 33rd June, 1908; Princess Beatrice, b. 22nd June, 1949; Princess Maria Cristina, b. 12th Dec. 1911.