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THE MUSEUM

A Manual of the Housing and Care of
Art Collections


BY
MARGARET TALBOT JACKSON

 

LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO
FOURTH AVENUE & 30TH STREET, NEW YORK
39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON
BOMBAY, CALCUTTA, AND MADRAS
1917

 

curtaining of windows and chairs for public, opera del duomo, florence italy

Curtaining of windows and chairs for public, Opera del Duomo, Florence Italy

 

Copyright, 1917, by
LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO.

 

PREFACE

THE object of this little book is to put before those interested in the administration of collections the result of several years of study of the museums of Europe and America. It cannot claim the distinction of bringing new ideas to a field where so many men of genius have long been working; it can only hope to call attention to the results of the constant experiments being made by those already in the field.

The author is under deep obligations to the many museum directors who have generously given their counsel and the results of their experience. Especial thanks are due to Professor Adolfo Venturi, Dr. J. B. Carter and the American Academy in Rome, His Excellency Dr. Bode, Dr. Karl Koetschau, Dr. Camille Enlart and Dr. Edward Robinson.

Cambridge, January, 1917.

 

 

CONTENTS

CHAPTER PAGE
I. The Situation of the Museum Building 3
II. The Architectural Plan 13
Entrances 15
Staircases 20
Corridors 23
Galleries 26
Light 29
Ceilings and Skylights 37
Offices of the Staff, Library and Lecture Rooms 41
Workshops and Store Rooms 47
Fire Risk, Restaurant 51
Details Often Overlooked 55
Heat and Ventilation 61
How May Defects in Existing Buildings be Remedied? 68
III. Preparation for the Collections Interior Decoration 73
Textiles 75
Color 80
Other Backgrounds 88
Floors 89
Trim 95
Gallery Furniture 96
Glass 99
Velaria 101
IV. The Formation of Collections 103
V. The Preparation of Objects for Exhibition
Paintings 111
Framing 118
Hanging 121
Labelling 126
Minor Arts 129
Textiles 131
Wooden Objects 140
Ironwork 143
Bronzes 145
Tin 146
Silver 146
Museum Cases 146
Labelling 154
Sculpture 156
Casts 160
Patinating 166
Mounting 169
Labelling 171
Prints 173
Exhibiting 178
Storing 180
Archæology 183
Safety Devices 186
VI. Official Questions Hours of Opening 189
Admission Fees 192
Museum Staff 195
Cleaning and Avoidance of Dust 215
Rules for Copyists and Photographers 217
Museum Publications 220
Records 224
Advertising 236
Appendix
Blanks for Loans, Gifts, Purchases 243
By-laws 253
List of Museums Visited 271
 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Curtaining of Windows and Chairs for Public. Opera Del Duomo, Florence, Italy Frontispiece
A Museum all on One Floor, the Glyptothek, Munich, Germany Facing page 20
Bavarian National Museum, Munich, Germany 54
Note the Excessive Glare and the Reflections in the Marble, Glyptothek, Copenhagen, Denmark 90
A Successful "Period" Room in America. Colonial Kitchen, Oakland Public Museum, Oakland, California 108
Heavy and Unsuccessful Cases Designed in a "Period," Bavarian National Museum, Munich, Germany 150
Rarely Successful Case Designed for a Richly Decorated Room, Bavarian National Museum, Munich, Germany 152

 


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924.


The author died in 1975, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 30 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.