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The New International Encyclopædia/Aufrecht, Theodor

AUFRECHT, ouf'rĕKt, Theodor (1822—). A German philologist and Sanskrit scholar. He was born at Leschnitz and was educated at the University of Berlin. He early devoted himself to Oriental research, and at the age of twenty-five published a treatise on Sanskrit accent (Bonn, 1847). In collaboration with Kirchhoff, he issued Die umbrischen Denkmäler (1849-51), and with Adalbert Kuhn he founded the Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung (1852). In 1862 he was appointed professor of Sanskrit and comparative philology at the University of Edinburgh, which in 1875 conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. Shortly afterwards he left Scotland, and accepted a professorship at Bonn, resigning his position in 1889. Among Dr. Aufrecht's many contributions to linguistic science, the most important are an edition of the Rigveda in English letters, Ujjvaladatta's Commentary, from a manuscript in the library of the East India House (1859), Aitareya Brahmana (1879); and Catalogus Catalogorum, An Alphabetical Register of Sanskrit Works and Authors (Leipzig, Part I., 1891; Part II., 1896).