The New International Encyclopædia/De Trobriand, Philippe Regis
DE TROBRIAND, de trō̇′brē̇′äN′, Philippe Regis (1816-97). A Franco-American soldier and writer. He was born near Tours, France; was educated in Paris, Rouen, Tours, and Poictiers, and in 1841 emigrated to the United States. He edited and published the Revue du Nouveau Monde in New York from 1849 to 1850, and from 1854 to 1861 was joint editor of the Courrier des Etats-Unis. He entered the Federal army as colonel of the Fifty-fifth New York Volunteers in 1861; took a conspicuous part in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; became a brigadier-general of volunteers in January, 1864; and commanded a division in Grant's campaign against Lee. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers in April, 1865; was appointed colonel of the Thirty-first Infantry in the regular army in 1866; was brevetted brigadier-general of the United States Army in 1867, and afterwards commanded the districts of Dakota, Montana, and Green River. In 1879 he retired from active service. He published Les gentilshommes de l'ouest (1841), and Quatre ans de campagnes à l'armée du Potomac (1867).