The New International Encyclopædia/Fishkill Landing
FISHKILL LANDING, or FISHKILL-ON-HUDSON.
A village in Dutchess County, N. Y.,
58 miles north of New York City; on the east
bank of the Hudson River, opposite Newburg,
with which it is connected by a steam ferry, and
on the New York Central and other railroads
(Map: New York, G 4). It has a picturesque
location, is the seat of the De Garmo Institute,
and, as one of the oldest villages in the State,
is replete with historical interest. The village
manufactures hats, rubber goods, Corliss engines
and boilers, etc. Fishkill Landing was
incorporated in 1866, and, under a revised charter of
1870, is administered by a mayor, chosen
annually, and a village council, elected on a general
ticket. Population, in 1890, 3617; in 1900, 3673.
The town of Fishkill Landing was settled probably
about 1695. In 1776 the Provincial
Convention of New York met here, and from 1776 to
the close of the Revolution, Fishkill was one of
the principal military depots of the Northern
Army. Joshua H. Smith, at whose house Arnold
and André met on September 22, 1780, lived
here, and at the Verplanck homestead the
Society of the Cincinnati was organized in 1783.
Consult: Smith, History of Dutchess County
(Pawling, N. Y., 1877); an article, “Fishkill in
the Revolution,” in the Publications of the
Historical Society of Newburg Bay, for 1894
Verplanck, “The Birthplace of the Order of the
Cincinnati,” in New England Magazine, No. 5,
vol. xiv. (Boston, 1896).