The New International Encyclopædia/Hyndman, Henry Mayers

HYNDMAN, Henry Mayers (1842—). An English journalist and socialist leader, born in London. He graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and began to study law in 1863, but three years later, as correspondent for the Pall Mall Gazette, went to the war in progress between Austria and Italy, where he became the friend of Mazzini, Garibaldi, and other patriots. Between 1869 and 1871 he traveled in Australia. New Zealand, and Polynesia, and while in Melbourne wrote articles for the Argus in the cause of free education. He founded the Social Democratic Federation in 1881, and from that time was a conspicuous reform agitator. He was chairman at the International Socialist Congress held in London in 1896, and assisted at the formation of the new ‘International’ at Paris in 1900. He was an Irish land-leaguer and a pro-Boer during the second Boer War. From 1874 he used his pen diligently in the socialistic cause. His books include: A Commune for London (1888); Commercial Crisis of the Nineteenth Century (1892); and Economics of Socialism (1890).