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IOWA. The Algonquian title of a tribe of American Indians, forming one of the main divisions of the great Siouan linguistic family. At the beginning of the eighteenth century they dwelt in Minnesota, and afterwards farther south in the area which now bears their name. They were called Pahotcha or Pahucha (dusty noses) in their own tongue, Ayanway by Lewis and Clarke, and Ajowes by French traders. In 1836 they were moved to the west bank of the Missouri above Wolf River, and in 1861 they ceded to the United States 16,000 acres of land. At present they number 1100, and are living on reservations in Kansas and Oklahoma.