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The New International Encyclopædia/Kocher, Emil Theodor

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KOCHER, kṓG'ẽr, Emil Theodor (1841—). A Swiss surgeon, born at Bern, he was educated there, and after study at Berlin, Paris, and London, became professor of surgery in the university of his native city, and director of the surgical clinic. His especial field was in operation on the thyroid gland, and he first described and studied cachexia thyreopriva (1883). He wrote: Die antiseptische Wundbehandlung (1881); Chirurgische Operationslehre (2d ed. 1894); Vorlesungen über chirurgische Infektionskrankheiten, with Tavel (1895); and, with Quervain, Encyclopädie der Chirurgie (1901 sqq.).