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Adrianople (ăd-ri-an-ō′pl), meaning the city of Hadrian, is a city of European Turkey. It is next to Constantinople in importance, though not in population. The streets are narrow, crooked and filthy; its ancient citadel and the walls which formerly surrounded the town are now in ruins. It was called Uskadama till renamed by the Emperor Hadrian. In 1360 it was captured by the Turks, who made it their capital for almost a hundred years, or until they came into possession of Constantinople. It nas also been twice taken by the Russians, in 1829 and in 1878. Population, 83,000.