The New Student's Reference Work/Cambridge
Cam′bridge, a city of Massachusetts and a suburb of Boston, from which it is separated by Charles River. Harvard University, for which the city is largely noted, is in Cambridge, and its fine buildings and its campus filled with beautiful old elm trees are among the most interesting sights in the city. Cambridge is also the seat of Radcliffe College. Many points of present or historic interest are scattered through the city, such as the old elm tree under which Washington took command of the American army; the house in which the poet Longfellow lived and which once was Washington's headquarters; the home of James Russell Lowell; the church in which Lord Cornwallis is said to have stabled his horses; and Mount Auburn Cemetery, one of the most beautiful burial-places in America. Cambridge has large manufacturing interests. Among these is one of the finest telescope manufactories in the country. There also are manufactories of steam engines, boilers, carriages, soap, glass, furniture and pianos. Cambridge has several printing houses, book binderies and iron foundries. The first book published in the United States was published in Cambridge. The public schools are among the best in the country, and the city has an excellent free public library well-stocked with books. Cambridge was settled in 1630 by Governor Winthrop and other prominent men. The first ministers of the place, as well as most of the educated men, were graduates of Cambridge University, England. The American army was encamped here during the Revolution, while the British had possession of Boston. Population, 104,839.