The New Student's Reference Work/Hudson River
Hudson River, a river in New York state and one of the most beautiful in America. It rises in the Adirondack Mountains, 4,326 feet above sea level. At Glens Falls it drops 50 feet, then, taking a southerly direction, flows into the bay of New York. There is tidal influence for 151 miles from its mouth to Troy, and it is navigated by large steamboats to Albany. About 60 miles from New York city the river enters the highlands, the scene of Arnold's treason and André's death, towering abruptly from the water to a height of 1,600 feet. A few miles below are the United States Military Academy at West Point and the ruins of Fort Putnam. On leaving the highlands, the river widens to four and one half miles for 13 miles of its course, and is called Tappan Bay. Below, on the right, is a wall of rock, called the Palisades, from 300 to 500 feet in height, extending nearly 20 miles as far down as the upper part of New York city. From this point the river is called North River. The Hudson is 350 miles in length, and was named after Henry Hudson. Fulton's first steamboat was tried on its waters. A tunnel under the river between Jersey City and New York connects the latter with Greater New York. See the Panorama of the Hudson, published by the Bryant Literary Union of New York.