Open main menu

Iloilo (ē′lō̇-ē′lō̇), a coast town, capital of the province of the same name, on the southeast coast of the island of Panay, Philippine Islands. It was, until the American occupation, one of the three ports at which foreign vessels might make entry and take cargo. The harbor is safe but shallow, so that vessels must load and discharge by means of lighters. The population is estimated to be between 12,000 and 20,000. After the cession of the Philippines to the United States, the Spaniards surrendered Iloilo to the Filipinos who were besieging it. The place was soon captured, however, by the United States forces.