Ith′aca, county-seat of Tompkins County, southwest central New York, is situated on Cayuga Lake, near the southern end and on the slopes of the neighboring hills, 35 miles northeast of Elmira by rail.  Ithaca may be reached by the New York Central, east and west, connecting with the lake steamers at Cayuga, and by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western, Elmira, Cortland and Northern and Lehigh Valley railways.  It has a large trade in coal and a number of foundries, mills and factories.  It has fine churches and schools and a public library.  Ithaca is the seat of Cornell University which, founded in 1868, has become one of the largest in the country, with 516 teachers and 4,200 students.  It has received a grant from congress of 990,000 acres of land and very large amounts from private individuals.  There are 600 free scholarships for the youth of the state. Population 14,802.