The New Student's Reference Work/Metternich, Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar

The New Student's Reference Work  (1914) 
Metternich, Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar

Metternich (mĕt′tẽr-nĭk), Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Prince, an Austrian statesman, was born at Coblentz, Prussia, May 15, 1773. He studied at Strassburg and Mainz (Mayence).  He was appointed Austrian minister to Dresden when he was 28, and two years later became ambassador to Berlin.  After the peace of Presburg he was sent as minister to the court of Napoleon.  He concluded the treaty of Fontainebleau in 1807, and in 1809 became minister of foreign affairs.  He was made a prince of the empire in 1813, and in 1821 became chancellor.  The Revolution of 1848, was felt at Vienna, and Metternich was compelled to flee to England.  After his return he took no part in public affairs, and died at Vienna, June 11, 1859.  In 1880–84 his Memoirs were published.  See Metternich, by Malleson, in the Statesmen Series.