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Montgomery (mŏnt-gŭm′ẽr-ĭ), the capital of the state of Alabama, is situated on Alabama River. It is surrounded with fine country seats, and is a growing city, with artesian water, electric lights and other modern improvements. Since 1865 the manufactories have increased rapidly, including foundries, steam-mills, cottongins and oil-works. The capitol is a fine building, overlooking a wide stretch of country. The city is 400 miles from Mobile on the Alabama, a distance formerly passed over by flatboats in a three months' journey. Population 38,136.