The World Factbook (1982)/Cook Islands

The World Factbook (1982)
by the Central Intelligence Agency
Cook Islands

COOK ISLANDSEdit

World Factbook (1982) Cook Islands.jpg
(See reference map X)

LANDEdit

About 240 km2

WATEREdit

Limits of territorial waters: 3 nm

Coastline: about 120 km

PEOPLEEdit

Population: 17,000 (July 1982), average annual growth rate 0.0%

Nationality: noun—Cook Islanders); adjective—Cook Islander

Ethnic divisions: 81.3% Polynesian (full blood), 7.7% Polynesian and European, 7.7% Polynesian and other, 2.4% European, 0.9% other

Religion: Christian, majority of populace members of Cook Islands Christian Church

GOVERNMENTEdit

Official name: Cook Islands

Type: self-governing in "free association" with New Zealand; Cook Islands Government fully responsible for internal affairs and has right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs, in consultation with Cook Islands Government

Capital: Rarotonga

Branches: New Zealand Governor General appoints Representative to Cook Islands, who represents the Queen and the New Zealand Government; Representative appoints the Prime Minister; Parliament of 22 members, popularly elected; House of Arikis (chiefs), 15 members, appointed by Representative, an advisory body only

Government leader: Prime Minister Dr. Thomas (Tom) DAVIS

Suffrage: universal adult

Elections: every five years, latest in March 1978

Political parties and leaders: Cook Islands Party, Geoffrey Henry; Democratic Party, Dr. Thomas Davis

Voting strength (1978): Democratic Party, 16 seats, Cook Islands Party, 6 seats

ECONOMYEdit

GDP: $15.4 million (1977), $860 per capita (1978)

Agriculture: export crops include copra, citrus fruits, pineapples, tomatoes, and bananas, with subsistence crops of yams and taro

Industry: fruit processing

Electric power: 4,000 kW capacity (1981); 13 million kWh produced (1981), 733 kWh per capita

Exports: $3.0 million (1977); copra, fresh and canned fruit

Imports: $16.8 million (1977); foodstuffs, textiles, fuels

Major trade partners: (1970) exports—98% New Zealand, imports—76% New Zealand, 7% Japan

Aid: Australia (1980-83), $2.0 million; Australia and New Zealand (1977), $6.5 million

Government budget: $121 million (1977)

Monetary conversion rate: 1 New Zealand$=US$1.01 (1978/79)

COMMUNICATIONSEdit

Railroads: none

Highways: 187 km total (1980); 35 km paved, 35 km gravel, 84 km improved earth, 33 km unimproved earth

Inland waterways: none

Ports: 2 minor

Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Airfields: 6 total, 5 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Telecommunications: 6 AM, no FM, and no TV stations; 7,000 radio receivers, and 1,186 telephones (1.3 per 100 popl.)