The World Factbook (1982)/Papua New Guinea

The World Factbook (1982)
by the Central Intelligence Agency
Papua New Guinea

PAPUA NEW GUINEAEdit

World Factbook (1982) Papua New Guinea.jpg
(See reference map X)

LANDEdit

475,369 km2

Land boundaries: 966 km

WATEREdit

Limits of territorial waters (claimed): 12 nm (economic including fishing 200 nm)

Coastline: about 5,152 km

PEOPLEEdit

Population: 3,126,000 (July 1982), average annual growth rate 2.2%

Nationality: noun—Papua New Guinean(s); adjective—Papua New Guinean

Ethnic divisions: predominantly Melanesian and Papuan; some Negrito, Micronesian, and Polynesian

Religion: over one-half of population nominally Christian (490,000 Catholic, 320,000 Lutheran, other Protestant sects); remainder animist

Language: 715 indigenous languages; pidgin English in much of the country and Motu in Papua region are linguae francae; English spoken by 1% to 2% of population

Literacy: 15%; in English, 0.1%

Labor force: 1.44 million (1979); agriculture, forestry, fishing employ 85% of labor force; 200,000 (1979 est.) in salaried employment

GOVERNMENTEdit

Official name: Papua New Guinea

Type: independent parliamentary state within Commonwealth recognizing Elizabeth II as head of state

Capital: Port Moresby

Political subdivisions: 19 administrative districts (15 in New Guinea, 4 in Papua)

Legal system: based on English common law

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September

Branches: executive—National Executive Council; legislature—House of Assembly (109 members); judiciary—court system consists of Supreme Court of Papua New Guinea and various inferior courts (district courts, local courts, children's courts, wardens' courts)

Government leaders: Governor General Sir Tore LOKO-LOKO; Prime Minister Sir Julius CHAN

Suffrage: universal adult suffrage

Elections: preferential-type elections for 109-member House of Assembly every five years, next held in June 1982

Political parties: Pangu Party, People's Progress Party, United Party, Papua Besena, National Party, Melanesian Alliance

Communists: no significant strength

Member of: ADB, CIPEC (associate), Commonwealth, ESCAP (associate), FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMCO, IMF, ITU, South Pacific Commission, South Pacific Forum, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO (associate)

ECONOMYEdit

GNP: $2.05 billion (FY79 est.), $650 per capita; real growth (1979) 3% est

Agriculture: main crops—coffee, cocoa, coconuts, timber, tea

Major industries: sawmilling and timber processing, copper mining (Bougainville)

Electric power: 425,000 kW capacity (1980); 1.275 billion kWh produced (1980), 398 kWh per capita

Exports: $960.0 million (f.o.b., 1979); copper, coconut products, coffee beans, cocoa, copra, timber

Imports: $935.5 million (c.i.f., 1979)

Major trade partners: Australia, UK, Japan

Aid: economic—Australia, $1,158 million committed (1976-81); World Bank group (1968-September 1969), $14.8 million committed; US, Ex-Im bank loans (FY70-73), $32.5 million extended

Budget: (1979) $759 million

Monetary conversion rate: Kina $1=US$1.5 (December 1980)

Fiscal year: calendar year

COMMUNICATIONSEdit

Railroads: none

Highways: 19,200 km total; 640 km paved, 10,960 km gravel, crushed stone, or stabilized soil surface, 7,600 km unimproved earth

Inland waterways: 10,940 km

Ports: 5 principal, 9 minor

Civil air: about 15 major transport aircraft

Airfields: 535 total, 433 usable; 18 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 41 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Telecommunications: Papua New Guinea telecom services are adequate and are being improved; facilities provide radiobroadcast, radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio and international radiocommunication services; submarine cables extend from Madang to Australia and Guam; 45,274 telephones (1.5 per 100 popl.); 31 AM, no FM and no TV stations

DEFENSE FORCESEdit

Military manpower: males 15-49, 748,000; about 413,000 fit for military service

Supply: dependent on Australia

Military budget: for fiscal year ending 30 June 1982, $33.6 million; 3.0% of central government budget