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Kingman Reef (territory of the US)

World Factbook (1990) Kingman Reef.jpg

 See regional map X


Total area: 1 km²; land area: 1 km²

Comparative area: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 3 km

Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical, but moderated by prevailing winds

Terrain: low and nearly level with a maximum elevation of about 1 meter

Natural resources: none

Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other

Environment: barren coral atoll with deep interior lagoon; wet or awash most of the time

Note: located 1,600 km south-southwest of Honolulu in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and American Samoa; maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes this a navigational hazard; closed to the public


Population: uninhabited


Long-form name: none

Type: unincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Navy


Overview: no economic activity


Airports: lagoon was used as a halfway station between Hawaii and American Samoa by Pan American Airways for flying boats in 1937 and 1938

Ports: none; offshore anchorage only

Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US