Treaty respecting the Independence and Territorial Integrity of Norway
TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM, FRANCE, GERMANY, NORWAY, AND RUSSIA RESPECTING THE INDEPENDENCE AND TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY OF NORWAY.
Signed at Christiania, November 2, 1907.
[Ratifications deposited at Christiania, February 6, 1908.]
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India; His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia; the President of the French Republic; His Majesty the King of Norway; and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, animated by the desire to secure to Norway, within her present frontiers and with her neutral zone, her independence and territorial integrity, as also the benefits of peace, have resolved to conclude a Treaty to this effect, and have named as their respective Plenipotentiaries:
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, Mr. W. G. Max Müller, British Chargé d’Affaires at Christiania;
His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia, M. de Treutler, his Envoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Christiania;
The President of the French Republic, M. Delavaud, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Christiania;
His Majesty the King of Norway, M. J. Lövland, his Minister of State and Minister of Foreign Affairs;
His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, M. A. de Kroupensky, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Christiania;
Who, having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed as follows :—
The Norwegian Government undertake not to cede any portion of the territory of Norway to any Power to hold on a title founded either on occupation, or on any other ground whatsoever.
The German, French, British, and Russian Governments recognize and undertake to respect the integrity of Norway.
If the integrity of Norway is threatened or impaired by any Power whatsoever, the German, French, British, and Russian Governments undertake, on the receipt of a previous communication to this effect from the Norwegian Government, to afford to that Government their support, by such means as may be deemed the most appropriate, with a view to safeguarding the integrity of Norway.
The present Treaty is concluded for a period of ten years from the day of the exchange of ratifications. If the Treaty is not denounced by any of the parties at least two years before the expiration of the said period, it will remain in force, in the same manner as before, for a further period of ten years and so on accordingly.
In the event of the Treaty being denounced by one of the Powers who have participated with Norway in the conclusion of the present Treaty, such denunciation shall have effect only as far as that Power is concerned.
The present Treaty shall be ratified and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Christiania as soon as possible.
In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty and have affixed thereto their seals.
Done in quintuplicate at Christiania, 2nd November, 1907.
W. G. MAX MÜLLER.
C. von TREUTLER.
- The Treaty was signed in the French language only.