A History of Freedom of Thought/Index

INDEX

Aesthetic movement, 213

Agnosticism, meaning of, 213 sq.

Albigeois, persecution of, 56

Anabaptists, 78, 95, 125

Anatomy, 65

Anaxagoras, 27

Annet, Peter, 172

Anthropology, 189

Anthropomorphism, 23

Aristotle, 35, 68, 69

Arnold, Matthew, 218 sqq.

Asoka, 92

Astronomy, 87–90

Atheism, 103, 113, 123, 132, 158

Athens, 27 sqq.

Augustine, St., 55

Austria-Hungary, 122, 224

Authority, meaning of, 14 sqq.

Averroism, 68


Bacon, Roger, 65

Bahrdt, 175

Bain, A., 188

Bayle, 107 sq., 135 sqq.

Benn, A. W., 152

Bible, O. T., 192 sqq.; N. T., 195 sqq.

Bible-worship, 82, 201

Blasphemy laws, 28, 86, 139 sq., 244 sqq.

Bolingbroke, 153

Bradlaugh, 224, 247

Bruno, Giordano, 84

Büchner, 198

Buckle, 188

Butler, Bishop, Analogy, 151 sq.


Calvin, 78 sq., 94

Cassels. W. R., 213

Castellion, 94

Causation, Law of, 183 sq.

Charron, 75

Cicero, 39

Clifford, W. K., 213

Clodd, Edward, 224

Colenso, Bishop, 193

Collins, Anthony, 141

Comte, Auguste, 186 sq., 229

Concordat of 1801, French, 115

Condorcet, 227

Congregationalists (Independents), 95, 99, 100

Constantine I, Emperor, 47, 51

Copernicus, 87


Darwin; Darwinism, 180, 182, 225

Defoe, Daniel, 104 sq.

Deism, 137 sqq.

Democritus, 25

Descartes, 129, 131

Design, argument from, 161, 176

D'Holbach, 158

Diderot, 158 sq.

Diocletian, Emperor, 45

Disestablishment, 104, 106

Dodwell, Henry, 147

Domitian, Emperor, 42

Double Truth, 68 sq., 134


Edelmann, 175

Epicureanism, 36 sqq., 84

Essays and Reviews, 204 sqq.

Euripides, 29

Exclusive salvation, 52 sq., 63, 78


Ferrer, Francisco, 231 sq.

Fortnightly Review, 221

Fourier, 227

France, 74, 106 sqq., 152 sqq.

Frederick the Great, 120 sq.

Frederick II, Emperor, 58, 70

Free thought, meaning of, 18


Galileo de' Galilei, 87 sqq.

Gassendi, 130

Geology, 178 sq.

Germany, 76 sqq., 117 sqq., 174 sqq.

Gibbon, 62, 162 sqq.

Goethe, 175

Greg, W. R., 203

Gregory IX, Pope, 57

Gregory XVI, Encyclical of, 123 sq.


Haeckel, 187, 228

Hale, Lord Chief Justice, 139

Harrison, Frederic, 186, 223

Hegel, 184 sqq.

Hell, controversy on, 217

Helmholtz, 182

Heraclitus, 25

Herbert of Cherbury, Lord, 149

Hippocrates, 64

Hobbes, 130 sq.

Holland, 95, 107, 130, 131

Holyoake, 224

Homer, 24

Hume, 160 sqq.

Huxley, 213


Independents, 95, 98 sq.

Infallibility, Papal, 210 sq.

Innocent III, Pope, 56

Innocent IV, Pope, 57

Innocent VIII, Pope, 67

Inquisition, 57 sqq.; Spanish, 59 sqq.; Roman, 83, 84, 87 sqq.

Italy, 122 sqq., 210


James I (England), 85 sq.

Jews, 41 sqq., 68, 99, 105, 111, 194

Joseph II, Emperor, 122

Jowett, Benjamin, 204 sq.

Julian, Emperor, 54

Justice, arguments from, 235


Kant, 175 sq.

Kett, Francis, 85

Kyd, 85


Laplace, 178

Lecky, W. H., 208, 225

Legate, Bartholomew, 86

Lessing, 71, 120

Linnæus, 177

Locke, 101 sqq., 120, 132 sq.

Loisy, Abbé, 200 sq.

Lucian, 40

Lucretius, 37 sq.

Luther, 77 sq., 81

Lyell, 178, 208


Manning, Cardinal, 210

Marlowe, Christopher, 85

Marsilius, 119

Maryland, 97 sq.

Mazarin, Cardinal, 85, 107

Middleton, Conyers, 150, 164

Mill, James, 151, 227

——, J. S., 182, 213, 227, 233, 235 sqq.

Milton, 99 sq.

Mirabeau, 112

Miracles, 141 sqq., 151, 160, 164 sq., 206

Modernism, 199 sqq.

Mohammedan free thought, 68

Monism, 188, 228 sqq.

Montaigne, 74

Morley, Lord (Mr. John), 159, 209, 221 sq., 225


Nantes, Edict of, 107

Napoleon I, 115

Newman, Cardinal, 199, 241

——, F. W., 203


Ostwald, Professor, 228 sqq.


Paine, Thomas, 112, 168 sqq.

Paley, 167 sqq.

Pascal, 128, 152 sq.

Pater, 213

Pentateuch, 192 sq.

Pericles, 27

Persecution, theory of, 47 sqq., 232 sqq.

Pitt, William, 151

Pius IX, Syllabus, 210 sq.

Pius X, Pope, 199 sq.

Plato, 36 sq.

Plutarch, 150

Prayer, controversy on, 216

Press, censorship, 91 sq., 224 sq.

Priestley, 227

Priscillian, 55

Progress, idea of, 226 sqq.

Protagoras, 28


Raleigh, Sir W., 85

Rationalism, meaning of, 18

Reade, Winwood, 213

Reinach, S., 197

Renan, 198

Revolution, French, 111 sqq.

Rhode Island, 96

Richelieu, Cardinal, 85, 107

Rousseau, 111, 156 sqq., 239

Ruffini, Professor, 125

Russia, 224


Sacred books, 24, 53 sq., 191

Science, physical, 64 sq., 176 sqq.

Secularism, 224

Seeley, J. R., 208

Servetus, 79

Shaftesbury, 148 sqq., 151

Shelley, 173, 208

Socinianism, 83, 93 sqq.

Socrates, 30 sqq., 39, 235, 236

Sophists, Greek, 26

Spain, 59 sqq., 231 sq.

Spencer, Herbert, 187

Spinoza, 131 sq., 138, 191

Stephen, Leslie, 167, 215 sqq.

——, J. F., 203, 245 sq., 247

Stoicism, 36, 38 sq.

Strauss, David, 195, 198

Swinburne, 208, 211 sq.


Tamburini, 122

Tatian, 44

Themistius, 55

Theodosius I, Emperor, 54

Theophilanthropy, 114 sq.

Thomas Aquinas, 69

Thomasius, Chr., 119

Three Rings, story of, 70

Tiberius, Emperor, 40

Tindal, Matthew, 144 sqq.

Toland, 133 sq.

Toleration, 46 sqq., 92 sqq.

Trajan, Emperor, 42

Turgot, 227

Tyndall, 213


Unitarians, 93, 105

United States, 96 sqq., 126

Universities, tests at, 106

Utilitarianism, 227


Vanini, Lucilio, 85

Vatican Council (1869–70), 210

Voltaire, 108 sqq., 114, 121, 163 sqq.


Wesley, 130

Westbury, Lord, 207

Wilberforce, 201

Williams, Roger. 96 sq.

Witchcraft, 66 sq., 80, 129 sq.

Woolston, 141 sqq.


Xenophanes, 23 sq.