Ante-Nicene Fathers/Volume VII/Constitutions of the Holy Apostles/Book VII/Sec. IV

Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. VII, Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, Book VII by Clement of Rome, translated by Philip Schaff et al.
Sec. IV

Sec. IV.—Enumeration Ordained by Apostles.

Who Were They that the Holy Apostles Sent and Ordained?

XLVI. Now concerning those bishops which have been ordained in our lifetime, we let you know that they are these:—James the bishop of Jerusalem, the brother of our Lord;[1] upon whose death the second was Simeon the son of Cleopas; after whom the third was Judas the son of James. Of Cæsarea of Palestine, the first was Zacchæus, who was once a publican; after whom was Cornelius, and the third Theophilus. Of Antioch, Euodius, ordained by me Peter; and Ignatius by Paul. Of Alexandria, Annianus was the first, ordained by Mark the evangelist; the second Avilius by Luke, who was also an evangelist. Of the church of Rome, Linus the son of Claudia was the first, ordained by Paul;[2] and Clemens, after Linus’ death, the second, ordained by me Peter.[3] Of Ephesus, Timotheus, ordained by Paul; and John, by me John. Of Smyrna, Aristo the first; after whom Stratæas the son of Lois;[4] and the third Aristo. Of Pergamus, Gaius. Of Philadelphia, Demetrius, by me. Of Cenchrea, Lucius, by Paul. Of Crete, Titus. Of Athens, Dionysius. Of Tripoli in Phœnicia, Marathones. Of Laodicea in Phrygia, Archippus.[5] Of Colossæ, Philemon.[6] Of Borea in Macedonia, Onesimus, once the servant of Philemon.[7] Of the churches of Galatia, Crescens.[8] Of the parishes of Asia, Aquila and Nicetas. Of the church of Æginæ, Crispus. These are the bishops who are entrusted by us with the parishes in the Lord; whose doctrine keep ye always in mind, and observe our words. And may the Lord be with you now, and to endless ages, as Himself said to us when He was about to be taken up to His own God and Father. For says He, “Lo, I am with you all the days, until the end of the world. Amen.”[9]  


  1. [An incidental proof of the early origin of this compilation is furnished by the clear distinction it makes between James the son of Alphæus and James the brother of our Lord. The theory of Jerome, which identifies them, was later.—R.]  
  2. 2 Tim. iv. 21.  
  3. [Noteworthy, and to be recalled hereafter. See vol. iii. p. 258.]  
  4. 2 Tim. i. 5.  
  5. [Comp. Col. iv. 16, 17., whence this is probably derived.—R.]  
  6. Philem. 1.  
  7. [Philem. 10.—R.]  
  8. [Comp. 2 Tim. iv. 10.—R.]  
  9. Matt. xxviii. 20.