Author:Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910)

For authors with similar names, see Author:Elizabeth Blackwell.
Elizabeth Blackwell

England-born American physician; the first woman to graduate from medical school in the United States. Sister of Emily Blackwell and Anna Blackwell.

Elizabeth Blackwell


  • The Causes and Treatment of Typhus, or Shipfever (1849)
  • The Laws of Life with Special Reference to the Physical Education of Girls (1852) (external scan)
  • An appeal in behalf of the medical education of women (1856)
  • Medicine as a Profession for Women (1860)
  • Address on the Medical Education of Women (1864)
  • Counsel to Parents on the Moral Education of their Children in Relation to Sex (1878) (external scan)
  • "Medicine and Morality", in Modern Review (1881)
  • Christian socialism: thoughts suggested by the Easter season (1882)
  • The Human Element in Sex: being a Medical Enquiry into the Relation of Sexual Physiology to Christian Morality (1884) (external scan)
  • Purchase of Women: the Great Economic Blunder (1887)
  • The Religion of Health (1871) (external scan)
  • Wrong and Right Methods of Dealing with Social Evil, as shown by English Parliamentary Evidence (1883)
  • On the Decay of Municipal Representative Government—A Chapter of Personal Experience (1888) (external scan)
  • The Influence of Women in the Profession of Medicine (1890) (external scan)
  • Erroneous Method in Medical Education etc. (1891)
  • Why Hygienic Congresses Fail (1892)
  • Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women – Autobiographical Sketches (1895) (transcription project)
  • Scientific Method in Biology (1898)
  • Essays in Medical Sociology, 2 vols (1902) Volume 1 (external scan) | Volume II (external scan)

Works about BlackwellEdit


Works by this author published before January 1, 1927 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. Translations or editions published later may be copyrighted. Posthumous works may be copyrighted based on how long they have been published in certain countries and areas.