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Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Burlington (Vermont)

BURLINGTON, city, port of entry and county-seat of Chittenden co., Vt.; on Lake Champlain, the head of the New York Barge Canal, and the Central Vermont and Rutland railroads; 40 miles N. W. of Montpelier. It has a very large lake commerce and manufactories of lumber, cotton and woolen goods, and iron. The environment is agricultural. The city is the seat of the State University of Vermont and of the State Agricultural and Medical Colleges; Bishop Hopkins Hall; the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Roman Catholic); the Fletcher, University, Billings and Burlington Law Libraries; a County Court House; United States Government Building, and a Young Men's Christian Association Hall. Burlington is noted for its benevolent and educational institutions, which include the Mary Fletcher Hospital, Home for Aged Women, Home for Friendless Women, Home for Destitute Children, Adams Mission House, Louisa Howard Mission, Providence Orphan Asylum, Cancer Relief Association, Lake View Retreat, several sanitariums, the Vermont Episcopal Institute, St. Joseph's and St. Mary's Academies (Roman Catholic), and high and graded schools. The city was settled in 1773; was a garrisoned post during the War of 1812; and was incorporated in 1865. Its material development has been largely due to its great lumbering industries. The famous Col. Ethan Allen is buried beneath a handsome monument in Greenmount Cemetery. Pop. (1910) 20,468; (1920) 22,779.