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Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Hoetzendorf, Baron Franz Conrad von

HOETZENDORF, BARON FRANZ CONRAD VON, an Austrian general; born in Penzing, 1852; received a military education, then, at the age of 19, received his commission as a lieutenant. In 1878-1879 he served on the General Staff in Bosnia and Herzegovina, when those two Turkish provinces were assigned to the military administration of Austria-Hungary. He was also a member of the staff during the insurrection in Dalmatia, in 1882. Then, until 1888, he was professor of tactics in the military academy, in Vienna. He was Chief of the General Staff from 1906 to 1911 and again in 1912. During the early part of the European war he took a prominent part in the operations of the Austrian armies.