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Unit 3

Chapter 4

Object followed by Description Words

I want the fence white. I want the fence painted. I want the fence painted white.

Note: The compliment in this pattern can consist of adjective 2. a past participle 3. a past participle + adjective.

Past Participle as Adjective (p. 459)

I am not surprised.

Present Participle as Adjective

I found the test surprising.

  1. Exchanges

    A: You like your food hot, don't you?
    B: Yes, but not too hot.

    A: Do you want the fence painted?
    B: No, I'm going to do it tomorrow.

    A: Do you want cream in your coffee?
    B: No, I'll take it black, please.

    A: Was that book given to you?

    B: No, I bought it.
  2. Reading

    Tom Sawyer

    Aunt Polly wanted the front fence painted white, and when Aunt Polly wanted something done it had to be done right away.
    "But Aunt Polly, why not have it painted by somebody else? I've already decided to go fishing."

    "Tom Sawyer, you get out there this minute, or I'll have you strung up on the nearest tree!" she said.
    Reluctantly, Tom picked up the paint bucket and brushes and walked to the old fence. Soon, everyone was saying that Tom was actually working.

  1. Reading (continued)

    "Hey, Tom" I thought you never worked," one of Tom's friends teased.

    "Oh, this isn't work--it's fun! This paint job was my idea." Tom said. "Now stay away from here," he warned. "I don't want this fine paint job ruined."
    "All right, Tom. Have it your way!" his friends laughed. "You're not fooling us!"

  2. Writing

A. Answer the following questions using an adjective complement.

ex. How do you like your milk - hot or cold?
I like my milk hot.

1. How do you have your windows at night - open or closed?
2. Do you prefer girls who wear their hair long or short?
3. How do you like apples - cooked or raw?
4. How do you like your coffee - black or with cream?
5. How do you prefer potatoes - baked, fried or mashed?

B. Complete the sentence with a description word using "it" or "them" as object.

ex. Park Choi Su took his bicycle to the shop for repairs.
He wanted it fixed.

1. Mary did not understand the lesson.
She found...
2. She does not like cream in her coffee.
She likes...
3. Sue took her T.V. to a repair shop.
She wanted...
4. Frank does not like cooked tomatoes.
He prefers...
5. Pete just hates cold soup.
He likes...

  1. Writing (continued)
    C. Give sentences. Use past or present participles.
ex. The story interested Bob.
(Describe the story.) The story was interesting.
(Describe Bob.) Bob was interested.

1. Mrs. Cho broke the glass.
(Describe the glass.)
Mr. Choi was watching some children. They amused him.
(Describe the children.) (Describe Mr. Choi.)
3. The good news excited Bob.
(Describe the news.) (Describe Bob.)
4. The long answer confused Mr. Miller.
(Describe the answer. ) (Describe Mr. Miller. )
5. The tiger frightened the little boy.
(Describe the tiger.) (Describe the little boy.)

  1. Activity
    Using one of the words below in its participle or past participle form, answer the following questions.
ex. How were the exam results?
They were surprising.
How did the teacher feel?
She was surprised.