Negro Poets and Their Poems/Index of Authors



Allen, J. Mord.—Born, Montgomery, Ala., March 26, 1875. Schooling ceased in the middle of high-school. Since seventeen years of age a boiler-maker. Home, St. Louis, Mo. Authorship: Rhymes, Tales and Rhymed Tales, Crane and Company, Topeka, Kas., 1906. 48-50, 223-226.

Allen, Winston.—230.

Bailey, William Edgar.—Born, Salisbury, Mo. Educated in the Salisbury public schools. Authorship: The Firstling, 1914. 65-67, 213-214.

Bell, James Madison.—Born, Gallipolis, Ohio, 1826. Educated in night schools after reaching manhood. Prominent anti-slavery orator, friend of John Browne. Poetical Works, with biography by Bishop B. W. Arnett, 1901. 32-37.

Braithwaite, William Stanley.—Born, Boston, Mass., 1878. Mainly self-educated. His three books of original verse are: Lyrics of Life and Love, 1904; The House of Falling Leaves, 1908; Sandy Star and Willie Gee, 1922. In Who’s Who. 105-109, 263.

Burrell, Benjamin Ebenezer.—Born, Manchester Mountains, Jamaica, 1892. Descended from Mandingo kings on his father’s side, and on his mother’s from Cromantees and Scotch. Contributor to The Crusader and other magazines. 249-250.

Carmichael, Waverley Turner.—Born, Snow Hill, Ala. Educated in the Snow Hill Institute and Harvard Summer School. Authorship: From the Heart of a Folk, The Cornhill Company, Boston, 1918. 53, 219-220.

Clifford, Carrie W.—Born, Chillicothe, Ohio. Educated at Columbus, O. Has done much editorial and club work. Authorship: The Widening Light, Walter Reid Co., Boston, 1922. 240.

Conner, Charles H.—Born, Grafton, N. Y., 1864. Father, a slave who found freedom by way of the underground railway. Mainly self-educated. Worker in the ship-yards, Philadelphia. Authorship: The Enchanted Valley, published by himself, 1016 S. Cleveland Ave., Philadelphia, 1917; contributor to magazines. 209-213.

Corbett, Maurice Nathaniel.—Born, Yanceyville, N. C., 1859. Educated in the common schools and Shaw University. Served in North Carolina Legislature. Delegate to numerous political conventions. Clerk in Census Bureau, then in the Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., until stricken with paralysis in 1919. Authorship: The Harp of Ethiopia, Nashville, 1914. This is an epic poem of about 7,500 rhymed lines, narrating the entire history of the Negro in America. It is a noteworthy undertaking.

Corrothers, James David.—Born, Michigan, 1869. Educated at Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., and at Bennett College, Greensboro, N. C., Minister of the Zion Methodist Episcopal Church. Died, 1919. Books: Selected Poems, 1907; The Dream and the Song, 1914. 37, 85-89.

Cotter, Joseph Seamon, Jr.—Born, Louisville, Ky., 1895. Died, 1919. Books: The Band of Gideon, Cornhill Company, 1918; another volume of poems now in press. 67-68, 70, 80-84.

Cotter, Joseph Seamon, Sr.—Born, Bardstown, Ky., 1861. Educated in Louisville night school (10 months). Now school principal in Louisville, member of many societies, author of several books: A Rhyming, 1895; Links of Friendship, 1898; Caleb, the Degenerate, 1903; A White Song and a Black One, 1909; Negro Tales, 1912. In Who’s Who. 52, 70-80, 220-221, 248-249.

Dandridge, Raymond Garfield.—Born, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1882. Educated in Cincinnati grammar and high schools. First devoted to drawing and painting until paralytic stroke, 1911. Authorship: The Poet and Other Poems, Cincinnati, 1920. 54, 169-173, 221-223.

Dett, R. Nathaniel.—Born of Virginia parents at Drummondsville, Ontario, Canada, October 11, 1882; studied in various colleges and conservatories in Canada and the United States. Director of music at Lane College, Mississippi, Lincoln Institute, Missouri, and at Hampton Institute, Virginia, his present position. 214-217.

DuBois, W. E. Burghardt.—Born, Great Barrington, Mass., 1868. Education: Fisk University, A. B.; Harvard, A. B., A. M., and Ph. D.; Berlin. Professor of economics and history in Atlanta University, 1896-1910. Now editor of The Crisis, New York, Books: The Souls of Black Folk, 1903; Darkwater, 1919, and numerous others. In Who’s Who. 201-205.

Dunbar, Paul Laurence.—1872-1906. 37, 38-48.

Dunbar-Nelson, Alice Ruth Moore (née).—Born, New Orleans, 1875. Education: in New Orleans public schools and Straight University, and later in several northern universities. Taught in New Orleans, Washington, and Brooklyn, and other cities. Married Paul Laurence Dunbar, 1898. At present Managing Editor of Philadelphia and Wilmington Advocate. Books: Violets and Other Tales, New Orleans, 1894; The Goodness of St. Rocque, Dodd, Mead & Co., 1899; Masterpieces of Negro Eloquence, 1913; The Dunbar Speaker and Entertainer, 1920. Contributor to numerous magazines. 144-148.

Dungee, Roscoe Riley.—58.

Este, Charles H.—57.

Fauset, Miss Jessie.—Born, Philadelphia. Education: A. B., Cornell, Phi Beta Kappa; A. M., University of Pennsylvania; student of the Guilde Internationale, Paris. Interpreter of the Second Pan-African Congress. Literary Editor of The Crisis. 160-162.

Fenner, John J., Jr.—245.

Fisher, Leland Milton.—Born, Humboldt, Tenn., 1875. Died, under thirty years of age, at Evansville, Ind., where he edited a newspaper. Left behind an unpublished volume of poems. 189-190.

Fleming, Mrs. Sarah Lee Brown.Clouds and Sunshine, The Cornhill Company, Boston, 1920.

French, James Edgar.—Born in Kentucky, studied for the ministry, died young. 253-254.

Grimké, Miss Angelina Weld.—Born, Boston, Mass., 1880. Educated in various schools of several states, including the Girls’ Latin School of Boston and the Boston Normal School of Gymnastics. Now teacher of English in the Dunbar High School, Washington, D. C. Authorship: Rachel, a prose drama, Cornhill Co., Boston, 1921; poems and short stories uncollected. 152-156.

Grimké, Mrs. Charlotte Forten.—Born, Philadelphia, 1837 (née Forten). Educated in the Normal School at Salem, Mass. She was a contributor to various magazines, including The Atlantic Monthly and The New England Magazine. Poems uncollected. 155-156.

Hammon, Jupiter.—Born, c. 1720. “The first member of the Negro race to write and publish poetry in this country.” Extant poems: An Evening Thought, 1760; An Address to Miss Phillis Wheatley, 1778; A Poem for Children with Thoughts on Death, 1782; The Kind Master and the Dutiful Servant (date unknown. These are included in Oscar Wegelin’s Jupiter Hammon, American Negro Poet, New York, 1915. 20-21, 23.

Hammond, Mrs. J. W.—Home, Omaha, Neb. Occupation: Trained nurse. 142-144.

Harper, Mrs. Frances Ellen Watkins (née).—Born, Baltimore, Md., of free parents, 1825. Died, Philadelphia, 1911. Educated in a school in Baltimore for free colored children, and by her uncle, William Watkins. Married Fenton Harper, 1860. From about 1851 devoted herself to the cause of freedom for the slaves. Authorship: Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects, Philadelphia, 1857; Poems, Philadelphia, 1900. 26-32.

Harris, Leon R.—Born, Cambridge, Ohio, 1886. First years spent in an orphanage, where he got the rudiments of education. Then was farmed out in Kentucky. Running off, he made his way to Berea College and later to Tuskegee, getting two or three terms at each. Now editor of the Richmond (Indiana) Blade. Authorship: numerous short stories in magazines; The Steel Makers and Other War Poems (pamphlet), 1918. 63-64, 180-184.

Hawkins, Walter Everette.—Born, Warrenton, N. C., 1886. Educated in public schools. Since 1913 in the city post-office of Washington D. C. Authorship: Chords and Discords, Richard G. Badger, Boston, 1920. 62, 119, 126, 234-235, 240.

Hill, Leslie Pinckney.—Born, Lynchburg, Va., 1880. B. A. and M. A. of Harvard. Teacher at Tuskegee; formerly principal of Manassas (Va.) Industrial School; now principal of Cheyney (Pa.) State Normal School. Authorship: The Wings of Oppression, The Stratford Company, Boston, 1921. 52, 131-138.

Horton, George M.—Born, North Carolina. Authorship: Poems by a Slave, 1829. Poetical Works, 1845. Several volumes from 1829 to 1865. 25.

Hughes, James C.—187-189.

Hughes, Langston.—Born, Joplin, Mo., February 1, 1902. Ancestry, Negro and Indian; grand-nephew of Congressman John M. Langston. Education: High School, Cleveland, O., one year at Columbia University; traveled in Mexico and Central America. Contributor to magazines. Home, Jones’s Point, N. Y. Contributor to The Crisis. 199-201.

Jamison, Roscoe C.—Born, Winchester, Tenn., 1886; died at Phœnix, Ariz., 1918. Educated at Fisk University. Authorship: Negro Soldiers and Other Poems, William F. McNeil, South St. Joseph, Mo., 1918. 191-195.

Jessye, Miss Eva Alberta.—Born, Coffeyville, Kan., 1897. Educated in the public schools of several western states; graduated from Western University, 1914. Director of music in Morgan College, Baltimore, 1919. Now teacher of piano, Muskogee, Okla. 68-69, 139-142.

Johnson, Adolphus.The Silver Chord, Philadelphia, 1915. 104-105.

Johnson, Charles Bertram.—Born, Callao, Mo., 1880. Educated at Western College, Macon, Mo.; two summers at Lincoln Institute; correspondence courses, and a term in the University of Chicago. Educator and preacher. Authorship: Wind Whisperings (a pamphlet), 1900; The Mantle of Dunbar and Other Poems (a pamphlet), 1918; Songs of My People, 1918. Home, Moberly, Mo. 52, 63, 95-99.

Johnson, Fenton.—Born, Chicago, 1888. Educated in the public schools and University of Chicago. Authorship: A Little Dreaming, Chicago, 1914; Visions of the Dusk, New York, 1915. Songs of the Soil, New York, 1916. Editor of The Favorite Magazine, Chicago. 64-65, 99-103.

Johnson, Mrs. Georgia Douglas.—Born, Atlanta, Ga. Educated at Atlanta University, and in music at Oberlin. Home, Washington, D. C. Books: The Heart of a Woman, the Cornhill Co., Boston, 1918; Bronze, B. J. Brimmer Co., Boston, 1922. 61, 148-152, 232-233, 249.

Johnson, James Weldon.—Born, Jacksonville, Fla., 1871. Educated at Atlanta and Columbia Universities. United States consul in Venezuela and Nicaragua. Author of numerous works. Original verse: Fifty Years and Other Poems, the Cornhill Company, Boston, 1917. In Who’s Who. 54, 90-95, 226-227, 235-236.

Johnson, Mrs. Mae Smith (née).—Born, Alexandria, Va., 1890. Now Secretary at the Good Samaritan Orphanage, Newark, N. J. Contributor of verse to papers and magazines. The grandmother of the poet escaped from slavery in Virginia. She lived to be ninety-two years old. 57, 251-252.

Jones, Edward Smythe.—Authorship: The Sylvan Cabin and Other Verse, Sherman, French & Co., Boston, 1911. 163-169.

Jones, Joshua Henry, Jr.—Born, Orangeburg, S. C., 1876. Educated Central High School, Columbus, O., Ohio State University, Yale, and Brown. Has served on the editorial staffs of the Providence News, The Worcester Evening Post, Boston Daily Advertiser and Boston Post. At present he is on the staff of the Boston Telegram. Authorship: The Heart of the World, the Stratford Company, Boston, 1919; Poems of the Four Seas, the Cornhill Company, Boston, 1921. 113-119, 234, 256-257.

Jones, Tilford.—231-232.

Jordan, W. Clarence.—190-191.

Jordan, Winifred Virginia.—Contributor to The Crisis. 56.

Lee, Mary Effie.—Contributor to The Crisis. 56.

Lewis, Corinne E.—Student in the Dunbar High School, Washington, D. C. 255.

Lewis, Ethyl.—60-61.

McClellan, George Marion.—Born, Belfast, Tenn., 1860. Educated at Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn., of which he became financial agent. Later, principal of the Paul Dunbar School, Louisville, Ky. Authorship: The Path of Dreams, John P. Morton, Louisville, Ky., 1916. 55, 173-179, 246-247.

McKay, Claude.—Born, Jamaica, 1889. Has resided in the United States ten or eleven years. Till lately on the editorial staff of the Liberator. Books: Constab Ballads, London, 1912; Spring in New Hampshire, London, 1920. 126-131, 241-242, 244.

Margetson, George Reginald.—Born, 1877, at St. Kitts, B. W. I. 109-111.

Means, Sterling M.—Authorship: The Deserted Cabin and Other Poems, A. B. Caldwell, publisher, Atlanta, 1915. 222-223.

Miller, Kelly.—Born, Winsboro, S. C., 1863. Educated at Howard and Johns Hopkins Universities. Degrees: A. M. and LL. D. Professor and dean in Howard University. Books: Race Adjustment, 1904; Out of the House of Bondage, Neale Publishing Co., New York, 1914. In Who’s Who. 206-209.

Moore, William.—Contributor to The Favorite Magazine. 111-112.

Ray, H. Cordelia.—Authorship: Poems, The Grafton Press, New York, 1910. 257-260.

Razafkeriefo, Andrea.—Born, Washington, D. C., 1895. of Afro-American mother and Madagascaran father. Educated only in public elementary school. Regular verse contributor to The Crusader and The Negro World. 197-198, 247-248, 263-264.

Reason, Charles L.—Born in New York in 1818. Professor at New York Central College in New York and head of the Institute for Colored Youth in Philadelphia. Authorship: Freedom, New York, 1847. 23-24.

Riley, Edwin Garnett.—Contributor to many newspapers and magazines. 262.

Sexton, Will.—Contributor to magazines. 197, 233-234.

Shackelford, Otis.—Educated at Lincoln Institute, Jefferson City, Mo. Authorship: Seeking the Best (prose and verse). The verse part of this volume contains a poem of some 500 lines entitled “Bits of History in Verse, or A Dream of Freedom Realized, ” modeled on Hiawatha.

Shackelford, Theodore Henry.—Born, Windsor Canada, 1888. Grandparents were slaves in southern states. At twelve years of age had had only three terms of school. At twenty-one entered the Industrial Training School, Downington, Pa., and graduated four years later. Studied a while at the Philadelphia Art Museum. Authorship: My Country and Other Poems, Philadelphia, 1918. Died, Jamaica, N. Y., February 5, 1923. 228.

Spencer, Mrs. Anne.—Born, Bramwell, W. Va., 1882. Educated at the Virginia Seminary, Lynchburg, Va. Contributor to The Crisis. 156-159.

Underhill, Irvin W.—Born, Port Clinton, Pa., May 1, 1868. In boyhood, with irregular schooling, assisted his father, who was captain of a canal boat. At the age of 37 suddenly lost his sight. Author of Daddy’s Love and Other Poems, Philadelphia. Home, Philadelphia. 184-187.

Watkins, Lucian B.—Born, Chesterfield, Virginia, 1879. Educated in public schools of Chesterfield, and at the Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute, Petersburg. First teacher, then soldier. Books: Voices of Solitude, 1907, Donohue & Co., Chicago; Whispering Winds, in manuscript. Died, 1921. 59, 236-239, 252-253.

Watson, Adeline Carter.—232.

Wheatley, Phillis.—Born in Africa, 1753. Brought as a slave to Boston, where she died in 1784. Many editions of her poems in her lifetime. Poems and Letters, New York, 1916. 23-24.

Wiggins, Lida Keck.—Authorship: The Life and Works of Paul Laurence Dunbar, J. L. Nichols & Company, Naperville, Ill. 41.

Whitman, Albery A.—Born in Kentucky in 1857. Began life as a Methodist minister. Authorship: The Rape of Florida, Not a Man and Yet a Man, and Twasnita’s Seminoles. 32, 35-36.

Williamson, D. T.—260-261.

Wilson, Charles P.—Born in Iowa of Kentucky parents, 1885. Printer and theatrical performer. 179-180.