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For the Newspapermen of the State of Oregon
John F. Carroll. Possessor of an Optimism That Made Him Fight Smiling
(By David W. Hazen of the Portland Telegram.)
Winter came. But lily petals fell instead of snowflakes. The seasons brought only flowers and sunshine to John F. Carroll. The summers of his soul knew no parching winds; the winters of his heart knew only the glad ness of the Yuletide. He passed away at five minutes past 1 o'clock on the morning of December 3. Some little time before he had gone to sleep like a tired child after the day's play. After months of pain that brought forth no word of complaint, the end came peacefully at the family residence, 576 East Fifteenth street North.
Mr. Carroll was an optimist. His was the optimism that comes from Irish parentage, an optimism that is ever present, an optimism that believes in good fairies. Born in the little coal mining town of St. Clair, Pa., he always told his friends who came with sorrowful stories:
"Never say it's winter till the snow is in the bed."
Then he would laugh and explain. The miners~—his father was one lived in little cottages with clapboard roofs. These roofs became warped and when the winter storms came the wind would blow the snow into the houses. So an old Irishman whom young John Carroll knew used to tell him when the lad would be chilly at the beginning of the cold season:
"Ah, me boy, never say it's winter till th' snow's in th' bed."
Always Fought Smiling.
Taking this bit of philosophy into the world, John Francis Carroll was ever the happy Warrior. Only once in his long, active career did an enemy defeat him; that was in Cheyenne, and came as a result of his stand in the so-called rustler war.
John F. Carroll was editor and half owner of the Cheyenne Leader, which he made the paper of Wyoming. He had deplored the activities of the cattle rustlers, but when his friends began their war on the small stock men he rebelled. The Leader took up the fight for these little fellows.
"You'll have to stop that, John, or we 'll make you walk out of town," was the warning given him by one who had been a warm supporter.
"The walking isn't crowded," was the reply.
Slowly but surely the cattle barons of the young commonwealth began to crush the Leader. The owners of the Leader held on and starved until they saw that the "little fellow" got a square deal, and then Mr. Carroll and his family went to Denver.
In Denver he took charge of the moribund Denver Post and built it up to be the greatest newspaper in Colorado. It was while here that he gave the greatest negro poet of the world,, his first real start. Later he took charge of the Times and still later became statistician for the Colorado Fuel & Iron company. Then he decided to come to the Paciﬁc coast as editor of the Oregon Daily Journal of Portland.
Was 59 Years Old.
But before the folk of Oregon met him, John Francis Carroll had led a most active life. Born June 1858, he worked as a breaker boy in the coal mines near his native town. His mother died when he was a lad, and he and his only brother, the late Bishop Carroll, were reared by an aunt. Both parents of the children were natives of Ireland.
John F. Carroll's first newspaper work was as a reporter on the Pottsville, Pa., Evening Chronicle. He reported for his paper nearly all of the famous Molly McGuire cases; 17 of these men were hanged, and the young Chronicle representative witnessed nearly all of these executions. He never talked about them in after years.
His early newspaper work was done in order to make money to attend medical college. He had been a student at the Pennsylvania Normal school, but teaching was not to his liking. Entering the medical department of the Western Reserve university at Cleveland, he studied there for some time but was compelled to quit because his eyes failed him. He never again took up the study of medicine, which he had decided to take as a preliminary course to the study of surgery.
Before going to Cleveland, John F. Carroll worked on the Missouri Republican, at St. Louis; he was city editor of the Omaha Bee in 1880–1, when the elder Rosewater was struggling to make this paper live. Mr. Carroll used jokingly to tell how his employer would go down the alleys and by paths on his way to and from the office in order to dodge printers and other creditors.
Rose Festival and Public Market.
Mr. Carroll came to Portland in August, 1903. In May, 1906, he was made editor and publisher of the Evening Telegram. It was an editorial he wrote for the Telegram that started the annual Rose Festival. He was ever active for civic betterment, the fight he made for a public market having been won after several years of hard work. As a token of his labors, when the market was at last established it was named the Carroll public market.
He was a great reader; the best of all literature he knew—classics, history and biography, the sciences, and for light reading, mystery stories. He was a lover of all the fine arts, and his knowledge of painting and porcelain, of etchings and rugs, of gems and tapestries, was far above that of the student layman.
He was a member of the Scottish Rite Masons and the Mystic Shrine.
Retrenching in Home Trenches
(By Sam Raddon, Jr., Northwest Editor, the Journal.)
Opportunity for broad, constructive, patriotic war-service of permanent value and effect is presented newspaper publishers of Oregon, city and country, in promotion of the government's new war savings certiﬁcates and thrift stamp campaign.
The newspapers have been asked to spread the gospel of retrenchment in the home trenches. They will do it, as they have done in the past, and as they will continue to do whenever the request is made until the world has been made safe for democracy.
Thrift, moreover, is a good gospel.
The thrift campaign is to be largely a campaign of education, even though the implied objective of the propaganda is money (of which Oregon's apportionment 1s $17,244,780,) for war purposes.
The real objective is a broader, deeper one, the interest returns upon which cannot be computed. It is the development of the idea of the virtue of thrift, until thrift shall have become a national characteristic, not only for the duration of the war but for all time. The potential results of systematic saving as a national endeavor, are immeasurable.
President Wilson feels that the campaign is a most vital one. "I suppose not many fortunate by-products can come out of a war," said the President in addressing the war-saving committee, "but if the United States can learn something about saving, out of the war, it will be worth the cost of the war. I mean the initial cost of it in money and resources. I suppose we have not known that there was any limit to our resources; we are now ﬁnding out there may be if we are not careful."
John F. Hylan, mayor-elect of the city of New York, is a member of the war-savings committee in New York. "The plan for selling the war saving stamps," says Judge Hylan, "appeals to me more than any other ﬁnancing that has been attempted since the war began. This is because, entirely apart from patriotism, I can see an inﬁnite number of personal beneﬁts of a practical nature that will come to every good American who begins buying stamps at this time. The beneﬁt derived from saving is the most practical beneﬁt in the world. We in America have much to learn about economy and thrift, and any medium by which these virtues are taught will have good effect."
The campaign will be of wide appeal, for it must reach the workers of the nation, offering them opportunity to do their "bit" ﬁnancially, and it will be a popular campaign and a successful one once its objectives are understood.
It remains then for the newspapers of the state to drive home the virtues of thrift, in war~times and peace, until they are implanted and clinched in every heart in the union.
Next month which one of you is going to send us something we can use! Let it be anything that will interest the newspaper men of the state.
For You Newspaper Soldiers
(By Emma Wootton)
In this day of shrapnel, camouﬂage, and reveille, you former journalism students of the University, and you newspaper men of the state, who are now keeping yourselves busy——or trying to at least—in Uncle Sam's army and navy are liable to forget, perhaps, that there is a state University.
Of course you wouldn't admit that you are in the process of forgetting the University because your ears are full of the sounds of war. You wouldn't forget it, but lest you should, here are some happenings of the University that you'll want to know just because you are interested in it, and because you haven 't forgotten. These notes are for you newspaper men and former newspaper aspirants. They will keep you in touch, perhaps.
It has been said by a certain newspapermen of the state that he is glad to ﬁnd out what journalism students are cut out for. So many of them have enlisted and they all make excellent soldiers. But notwithstanding this little shot, the loss of these students is felt greatly on the campus.
Perhaps in no other school or department of the University is the toll of the war felt as it is in the school of journalism. You rallied splendidly to the call but you left a great hole that can 't be ﬁlled by the girls and the few men in the advanced courses.
The Emerald was perhaps the ﬁrst to suffer, because so many have gone. Almost all of you did your part toward making it a success. It was hard to take up the work on it at the beginning of the year without you. But with Harry Crain as editor it has been pulling up to its old standard.
Jeannette Calkins is making just about the best business manager the Emerald has ever had. She has a go to her that sees a thing through. At the beginning of the year it was not an uncommon thing for her to stay up till two o'clock in the morning cutting and folding the paper. Then she would get up at ﬁve to deliver it herself in her car. With a force like this, things have to go.
William Haseltine is news editor; Robert McNary is make-up editor; Beatrice Thurston, women 's editor; Douglas Mullarky, feature editor; Melvin Solve, dramatic editor; Pearl Crain, society editor; Lay Carlisle, assistant manager; and Catherine Dobie, circulation manager.
Beatrice Thurston, women's editor of the Emerald, is also combining her newspaper work with band music. She was elected manager of the band.
For the ﬁrst month the Emerald was printed in Yoran and Koke's printing shop, but at the end of this time it was returned to the Guard oﬂice on account of the facilities there that made the printing cover less time.
You would be surprised if you could see the additions in the way of machines that have been made in the oﬁice of the school of journalism. A linotype of the latest model of the double magazine, side auxiliary type, has been installed; a power run stitcher for binding pamphlets, catalogues, etc., is in its place; a new Babcock-Optimus cylinder press is in the ordering.
Registration this year surpassed all expectations and predictions—it neared the 900 mark. In only one way did the war affect the Oregon student body—there are now registered approximately the same number of girls as men. Previously the percentage had run about 60 per cent men to 40 per cent girls. A remarkable increase was shown in the freshmen registration. A gain of 25 per cent was made over last year.
All of you former University students will soon be receiving the Emerald at your camp, if you are not already doing so. The student body granted a fund of $100 for this purpose and the Alumni association is assuming the rest of the expense. The University wishes to keep you in touch with its doings.
Honors never come singly, you know. Jeannette Calkins, business manager of the Emerald, has been elected president of the women 's band. This band, which the girls all are sure will soon replace the men 's band, toots under the supervision of Albert Perfect. Many of the girls had never seen an instrument at close range before but they have already reached the waltz stage.
The women of the University are going to show their pride in the University men who are in service by making a service ﬂag. There will be a star for each of you former students on it. It will measure 10 by 18 feet and will display from 350 to 400 stars. It will hang in front of the administration building.
An intensive course in advertising will be offered next term, combining work in the schools of commerce and journalism and the department of psychology. The course will be ﬁve hours and will be completed in one term.
There is a strong demand for men and women to take charge of the advertising in large stores and many calls have been made on the school of journalism this fall which it has been impossible to fill.
"Let's Go, Boys, Let's Go" is the name of the new rooter's song composed by W. F. G. Thacher, who is teaching in the school of journalism, too, this year. The song is full of "jazz" and has original music.
Will J. Hayner Gives Answer
To the Editor Oregon Exchanges:
I have read with some interest F. S. Minshall’s article on “Organization of County Units,” published in the November number of Oregon Exchanges, and while his theory seems logical, I believe it can be conclusively shown that such an organization is not practical.
In the first place, while the interests of the small town weekly publisher and the big town daily publisher are in a manner identical, the big town publisher is too apt to have a desire to corner the bulk of the business in the county, regardless of the fact that by so doing he cripples the small town publisher.
While we dislike to accuse the big town publishers of having selfish motives in the matter, the fact remains that they have taken but little interest in questions which advocated changes in existing laws that would tend to give the small town publishers business justly due them. As an illustration, we will take the matter of notices for teachers’ examinations, usually sent to the two papers in a county having the largest circulations. The fact that these two papers may be published in the same town makes no difference. The county superintendent of schools must comply with the law, and as a result it is not infrequent that two papers in the same town or the same locality publish the notices. This is not only an injustice to the teachers, who are to be found in every town and hamlet in the state, and who depend upon their local papers for information, but it is also an injustice to the small town publisher, as it results in his paper losing prestige as a medium of information, and eventually he learns that some of his former subscribers are regular readers of one or the other of the papers with the alleged largest list of subscribers.
Then again, the publisher of the big town daily or weekly is too apt to conclude that he is in a class a little above the small town weekly publisher, and is entitled to a little more consideration in the way of patronage than his humble brother. This was demonstrated at the meeting of the Oregon State Editorial association in Medford in 1916. On that occasion the publishers of the county dailies and big town weeklies got together at a meeting from which the small town publishers were excluded, and entered into an arrangement whereby print paper was to be purchased in carload lots and distributed from two or three central points to those publishers who were “in” on the deal. In this manner print paper could be obtained at a lesser cost than where publishers were buying in dozen bundle lots, and therefore meant a considerable saving on the cost "of publishing a newspaper. As this arrangement was a saving proposition in production, why were the small town publishers excluded from the beneﬁt! As the object of the editorial association is presumed to be for the mutual beneﬁt of all its members, why was it that the small town weekly publishers were not invited to cooperate in this matter of obtaining print paper at a lower price! Would such a procedure as this invite the organization of county units as suggested by Mr. Minshall?
The ﬁght in the state legislature last winter to retain the delinquent tax list in its present form was not in the interest of the small town weeklies. Had this been the case an effort would have been made by the “legislative committee” of the editorial association to obtain a law that would have divided the tax list and provided that all parcels of land on which taxes were delinquent should be published in the paper nearest the property. A law along this line would have given every publisher a square deal and would also have given the delinquent tax list a much wider publicity. As the law now stands, it is not unusual to see two papers in the same town publishing the delinquent tax list.
The provisions of the law which provide that all the county patronage shall go to the two papers of opposite political affiliation having the largest circulations is unfair. The weekly publisher in the small town is paying his proportionate share of the taxes and is entitled to his proportionate share of the county printing. Bids for bonds, for road construction, for wood and other matters from the county court, job printing from the several county oﬁices, and other work which should be divided among the various printers in each county, or awarded to the lowest responsible bidder, is all turned over to the paper with the alleged largest circulation. To exist the small town publisher must have business, and there is no valid reason why he should not receive his proportionate share of the county printing. But no relief from present conditions would follow the organization of county units. The publishers who now have the lion’s share would expect to retain it, and as soon as the small town publishers suggested changes in the state law that would give them a county “take” occasion ally, trouble would follow.
The writer is a member of the Oregon State Editorial association and while he believes it has some good features, he does think that those at the head of its affairs have not shown that interest in the welfare of the small town publisher to which he is entitled. Not until the publishers of the small town weeklies get together and form an organization from which the “biggest list” publishers are excluded, can they hope to “come into their own.” Such an organization must strive for laws which would give them a “look in” on county patronage, and thus enable them to attain a higher standard of value in the communities where they are published. The present editorial associations in Oregon are all right so far as the country dailies and the big town weeklies are concerned, but publishers of small town weeklies can hope for nothing in the way of “fat takes” through these associations unless there be some agreement or understanding which will assure a beneﬁt for all instead of a few. There must be a mutual interest between the big town and small town publishers, otherwise it is a “house divided against itself,” and the real object for which editorial associations were ostensibly formed is lost. Small town publishers could no doubt organize county units to good advantage to themselves, but in order to get results such units must be composed of small town publishers exclusively.
(Signed) WILL J. HAYNER.
The Sword is Mightier Than the Pen
Letters From Newspaper Men and Women in the Service Show Great Variety of Work
Carmen Swanson, a former journalism student of the University, writes from the Puget Sound navy yard:—
“Technically we haven ’t reached the front yet at the navy yard, Puget Sound, Washington, but for active service the trenches ‘haven’t got any thing on us.’
“We have a little war all our own here—a war on the endurance of women. Meek, tired ‘sailorettes’ bow to the command ‘work ten hours a day’ and, ‘work Sunday——all day.’ Sometimes these little ‘sailorettes’ pounding a typewriter all day, wonder dumbly why civil service girls doing the same or lighter work, receive higher base pay than they, and why these girls also receive compensation for overtime and Sunday work, but they cheer the ﬂag at every picture show and cry ‘My Country, ’Tis of Thee.’ Our country has to save its Liberty bonds some way, and let ours be the silent and forgotten glory.
“In our oﬂice we feel ourselves peculiarly honored, for not every enlisted girl enjoys the same opportunity for patriotism, even at Puget Sound. Many of the oﬂices ask only seven paltry hours a day——-and only every third Sunday. And of course these girls receive the same pay as we. Somehow we can ’t but [pity them as being denied their due share of glory, and while sensible of our advantage, believe that in all fairness these girls should be permitted the same opportunity with us.
“Several boys have enlisted for yeoman duty also, and they enjoy the same conditions of work afore-mentioned. Enlisted men, seaman branch, say they ﬁnd life dull, with little to do. They have two afternoons for liberty leave each week. A small liberty, moving pictures, and an occasional dance and entertainment vary the monotony. The Y. M. C. A. supervises the dancing and entertainments. To these dances are bidden yard employees of the fair sex, those possessing histrionic talent being given an opportunity to demonstrate before the ‘free for all’ dancing begins.
“And these dances give even the wall ﬂowers a chance to come before the public, for the sailors display rare gallantry in rescuing one from ob livion. The sailors I have met are ﬁne, clean fellows, a type which I think prevails, despite statements to the contrary. Most of them are eager for sea duty—to thrash the Kaiser, they say.
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