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SOME OONTRIBUTOBS TO NEW VOLUMES OF ‘ENCYCLOPEDIA BBITANNICA’ Linnean Society of London; Sherardian Pro- WARD, H. Marshall, D.Sc., F.R.S., F.L.S., fessor of Botany, Oxford ; Fellow of Magdalen F.R.Hort.S.; Professor of Botany, Cambridge; College; Fellow and Lecturer of Christ’s Coll. Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge ; Cambridge, 1876; Reader in Botany, Cambridge, Hon. Fellow of Christ’s College, Cambridge; 1883 ; Hon. Fellow of Christ’s Coll. Cambridge, President of the British Mycological Society; 1897 ; author of ‘Reproduction,’ etc., in Ninth corresponding Member Cryptogamic Society of Edition of ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Lectures on the Scotland; Cryptogamic Botanist to Ceylon Physiology of Plants,’ ‘ A Student’s Text-Book Government, 1880-82; Berkeley Fellow, Owens of Botany,’ papers in various scientific journals, Coll., 1882; Fellow of Christ’s Coll., 1883 ; etc. (S. H. V*.) Professor of Botany in Forest School, Cooper’s Hill, 1885-95 ; author of ‘ Schizomycetes ’ in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Timber and some of its Diseases,’ ‘The Oak,’ ‘Sachs’ Lecw tures on the Physiology of Plants,’ ‘ Laslett’s Timber and Timber Trees,’ ‘ Diseases of Plants,’ WAALS. J. D. van der; Doctor of Math, ‘ Grasses,’ ‘ Disease in Plants.’ (H. M. W.) and Physics, Leyden; Professor of Physics, Amsterdam; Gen. Sec. Royal Academy of WARD, James/M.A., LL.D., D.Sc.; Fellow of Trin. Coll. Camb. and Professor of Mental Sciences, Amsterdam ; Cor. Member de Philosophy, Cambridge; Gifford Lecturer, TAcademie des Sciences de Paris, etc.; author University of Aberdeen, 1895-97; author of of ‘ The Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid ‘Herbart,’ ‘Psychology,’ in Ninth Edition States of Matter,’ etc. (J. D. v. d. W.) of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Naturalism and AgnosWADSWORTH, S., M.A. ; Barrister-at-Law, ticism.’ (j. w*.) of the Inner Temple and of Lincoln’s Inn; "WARD, Robert de C., A.M. ; Instructor in joint-editor of the 17th edition of Davidson’s Climatology Harvard University. (R.deC.W.) ‘ Concise Precedents in Conveyancing.’ (S. Wa.) WAGER, Harold W. T., F.L.S.; formerly 'WATERHOUSE, Major-Gen. James; Lecturer in Biology, Yorkshire Coll. Leeds; Unemployed Supernumerary List, Indian Staff H.M. Inspector of Science Schools ; author of Corps; Vice-President Roy. Phot. Soc.; Hon. ‘ Memoirs on Cytology and Reproduction of the Mem. Vienna Phot. Soc. 1901; Indian Ordnance Lower Organisms,’ etc. (H. W*.) Dept. 1866; Assist. Surveyor-Gen. in charge of photographic operations in the SurveyorWAGNER, Dr Hermann $ Professor of GeoGeneral’s Office, Calcutta, 1866-97 ; took part graphy in Gottingen University; author of in the observation of total eclipses, 1871 and ‘ Germany (Geography) ’ in Ninth Edition of 1875, and of transit of Venus, 1874 ; President ‘ Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Lehrbuch der Geographie,’ editor of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1888-90 ; ‘ Geographisches Jahrbuch,’ etc. (H. Wa.) awarded Roy. Phot. Soc. Progress Medal, 1890, also Vienna Phot. Soc. Voigtliinder Medal, 1895 ; WALDSTEIN, Charles. Litt.D., Ph.D., author of ‘The Preparation of Drawings for L.H.D. ; Knight Commander of the Order of Photographic Reproduction,’ and numerous the Redeemer; and Ernestine Saxon Order; papers in the ‘Bengal Asiatic Society’s Journal ’ Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge, 1894; and various photographic journals and publimember of Council of British Archaeological cations. (J. Wa*.) School, Athens, etc. ; Lecturer in Classical Archaeology in Univ. of Camb., 1880 ; Director W A T S O N, Alfred Edward Thomas of Fitzwilliam Museum, Camb., 1883-89 ; (‘ Rapier ’) ; editor of the ‘ Badminton Library ’ Director of American Archaeological School, and ‘Badminton Magazine’; musical and draAthens (retaining Readership at Camb.), 1889matic critic of the ‘Standard’; edited the 1893, retaining Professorship there till 1896 ; ‘Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News,’ Slade Professor of Fine Art, 1895-1901; author writing under the signature ‘Rapier,’ 1880-95; of ‘ Balance of Emotion and Intellect,’ 1878, 1 author of ‘Sketches in the Hunting Field,’ ‘ Essays on the Art of Phidias,’ 1885, The Work ‘ Race Course and Covert Side,’ ‘ Types of the of John Ruskin,’ 1894, ‘ The Study of Art in Turf,’ ‘Steeplechasing,’ chapters in the BadUniversities,’ 1895, ‘ The Expansion of Western minton volumes on Hunting, Riding and Ideals’ and the ‘World’s Peace,’ 1899, ‘The Driving, Racing and Chasing, ‘The Turf,’ Jewish Question ’ and the ‘ Mission of the Jews,’ etc. (A. E. T. W.) 1899, and numerous reports of excavations and WATSON, Colonel Charles Moore, archaeological memoirs. (C. W*.) C.M.G., M.A. ; Deputy Inspector-General of WALKER, James, D.Sc., F.R.S. ; ProFortifications, War Office; served in Sudan fessor of Chemistry, University College, under the late Gen. C. G. Gordon, C.B., 1874Dundee. (J. Wal.) 1875 ; A.D.C. to Field-Marshal Sir Lintorn Simmons, G.C.B., 1878-80; employed in Indian WALKER, Norman, M.B., F.R.C.P.; Office, 1880-82 ; special service, Egyptian War, Assistant Physician of Edinburgh Infirmary; 1882; employed in Egyptian Army, 1882-86, with part author of ‘An Introduction to Dermatorank of Pasha (3rd class Osmanieh); Assistant logy.’ (N. W.) Inspector-General of Fortifications, 1891-96; WALLACE, Sir Donald Mackenzie, Deputy Inspector-General 1896. (C. M. W.) K.C.I.E., K.C.V.O.; Private Secretary to Marquesses of Dufferin and of Lansdowne as WATTS, Philip, F.R.S.; Director of Naval Construction ; formerly Naval Architect and Viceroys of India, 1884-89; attached to the Director of War Shipbuilding Department of Sir Czarewitch as political officer during his tour W. G. Armstrong, Whitworth and Co. (P. Wa.) in India and Ceylon, 1890-91 ; Director of the Foreign Department of ‘The Times,’ 1891-99 ; WATTS-DUNTON, Theodore; poet, Assist. Private Secy, to H.R.H. the Duke of novelist, and critic ; author of ‘ Poetry,’ Cornwall and York during his colonial tour, ‘ Rossetti,’ ‘ Sonnet,’ ‘ Vanbrugh,’ ‘ Wycherley,’ 1901; member of Institut de Droit Interetc., in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘The national and Officier de TInstruction Publique Coming of Love,’ ‘ Aylwin ’; edited ‘ Lavengro,’ of France; joint - editor of New Volumes etc. (T. W. D.) of ‘ Encyclopaedia Britannica ” ; author of ‘Russia,’ ‘Egypt and the Egyptian Question,’ WAUGH, Arthur; London Correspondent to the ‘ New York Critic,’ 1893-97

literary adviser etc. (D. M. W.) to Kegan Paul and Co. Ltd.; author of ‘ Gordon WALLACE, William, M.A., LL.D.; assistant in Africa,’ ‘Alfred, Lord Tennyson’; edited editor of the ‘ Glasgow Herald ’; author of ‘Johnson’s Lives of the Poets’; edited the ‘Arabian Philosophy,’ ‘Descartes,’ ‘Epicurus,’ ‘ Pamphlet Library,’ ‘ Legends of the Wheel,’ ‘Hegel,’ ‘Pessimism,’ ‘Schopenhauer’ in Ninth ‘ Robert Browning.’ (A. Wa.) Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘Burns and Mrs Dunlop,’ ‘ Scotland Yesterday’; edited ‘ Chambers’s WEBB, Gen. Alexander Stewart; PresiLife and Works of Burns,’ etc. (W. Wa.) dent of the College of the City of New York ; Brig.-Gen. of Volunteers in the Civil War; WALLIS, John Edward Power, M.A.; author of ‘ The Peninsula,’ ‘ M‘Clellan’s CamAdvocate - General of Madras ; Inns of Court paign of 1862,’ etc. (A. S. W*.) Reader in Constitutional Law, 1892-97; author of ‘ State Trials ’ for the State Trials Committee, WEBBER, Maj.-Gen. C. E., C.B., M.I.C.E., M.I.E.E.; Indian Mutiny, 1857-60; and numerous articles on constitutional law instructor in topography, R.M.A.; with Prusand history. (J. E. P. W.) sian Army in 1866; Paris Exhibition, 1867; WALPOLE, Sir Spencer, K.C.B., Hon. Egyptian expedition, 1882; Nile expeditions, LL.D. Edin.; Inspector of Fisheries, 1867; 1884-85

founder (with late Sir Francis Bolton)

Lieut.-Governor of the Isle of Man, 1882 ; Secreand past President of the Institution of Electary to the Post Office, 1893-99; author of trical Engineers; author of various articles ‘ History of England from 1815,’ ‘ Life of Rt. on military subjects, Telegraphy, Telephony, Hon. Spencer Perceval,’ ‘ Life of Lord John and Electrical Engineering. (C. E. W.) Russell,’ ‘The Electorate and the Legislature,’ WEBER, Gustavus A.; U.S. Dept, of ‘Foreign Relations,’ ‘The Land of Home Labour, Washington, D.C. (G. A. W.) Rule. (S. W.) WALTON, Hon. Sir Joseph, K.C.; Judge WEDMORE, Frederick; art critic of the ‘ Standard,’ London ; author of ‘ Pastorals of of the King’s Bench Div. ; chairman of the France,’ ‘ Renunciations,’ ‘ English Episodes,’ General Council of the Bar, 1899; Recorder of and ‘Orgeas and Miradou,’ with other short Wigan, 1895-1901 ; author of ‘ Practice and stories and imaginative pieces ; ‘ The Life of Procedure of Court of Common Pleas at LanBalzac,’ ‘Studies in English Art,’ ‘Meryon,’ caster.’ (W.)

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‘ Etching in England,’ ‘ Fine Prints: On Books and Arts,’ ‘ The Collapse of the Penitent.’ (F. We.) WELCH, Lewis S., A.B. ; editor of the ‘ Yale Alumni Weekly.’ (L. S. W.) WELDON, Walter F. R., M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.; Linacre Professor of Comparative Anatomy, Oxford; late Fellow of St John’s Coll. Cambridge ; late Jodrell Professor of Comparative Anatomy and Zoology, University Coll. London. (W. F. R. W.) WELLS, Joseph, M.A.; Fellow and Tutor, Wadham College, Oxford; Delegate of Local Examinations, for Extension of University Teaching and for Training of Teachers; on Oxford and Cambridge Schools Examining Board; author of ‘ A Short History of Rome,’ ‘ Oxford and its Colleges,’ ‘Wadham College.’ (J. We*.) WELLS, Captain Lionel de Lautour, R.N. ; Chief Officer, Metropolitan Fire Brigade; author of ‘Jack Afloat,’ ‘M.F.B. Drill-book.’ (L. de L. W.) WESTLAKE, John, K.C., LL.D.; Professor of International Law, Cambridge; author of ‘A Treatise on Private International Law, or the Conflict of Laws,’ ‘Chapters on the Principles of International Law.’ (Jno. We.) WETHERELL, W. ; assistant editor, ‘Liverpool Daily Post.’ (W. We.) W HATES, H.; assistant editor of the ‘ Standard ’; editor of the ‘ Politician’s Handbook.’ (H. Wh.) WHEATLEY, Henry Benjamin; Asst. Secretary, Society of Arts, Assistant Sec. Brit. Royal Commission, Section of Chicago Exhibition, 1893 ; Hon. Sec. Early English Text Society, 1864-72 ; Treasurer, 1872-1901; author of ‘Index,’ etc., in Ninth Edition of ‘Ency. Brit.,’ ‘ Anagrams,’ ‘ Round about Piccadilly and Pall Mall,’ ‘What is an Index'?’ ‘Samuel Pepys and the World he lived in,’ ‘ How to form a Library,’ ‘ How to Catalogue a Library,’ ‘London Past and Present,’ ‘New Edit. Pepys’ Diary,’ ‘ Historical Portraits,’ ‘ Prices of Books,’ ‘Pepysiana,’ etc. (H. B. W*.) WHEELER, Maj.-Gen. Joseph; Member of U.S. Congress, 1881-99; Lieut.-Gen. and Senior Cavalry General of the Confederate Armies in the Civil War; in charge of the cavalry under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ; Maj.Gen. of Volunteers, U.S.A., Span.-American War. (J. Wh.) WHETHAM, William Cecil Dampier, M.A., F.R.S. ; Fellow of Trinity Coll. Cambridge; Lecturer on Physics, Cambridge; author of various papers on scientific subjects, and of text-book on ‘Solution and Electrolysis,’ etc. (W. C. D. W.) WHITAKER, Edgar; editor of the ‘Constantinople Messenger ’; author of ‘ The Outlook in Asiatic Turkey ’; translated Giacometti’s ‘ Russia’s Work in Turkey,’ etc. (E. W*.) WHITE, Horace; editor of the N.Y. ‘Evening Post ’; sometime editor of the ‘ Chicago Tribune’; author of ‘The Silver Question,’ ‘ The Tariff Question,’ ‘ Money and Banking,’ ‘The Gold Standard,’ etc. (H. Wh*.) WHITE, James ; Department of the Interior, Ottawa. (J. Wh*.) WHITE, James Forbes, M.A., LL.D.; art critic ; author of ‘Rembrandt,’ ‘Velasquez,’ in the Ninth Edition ofthe ‘Ency. Brit.’ (J. F. W.) WHITFIELD, W. H. ; successor to ‘Cavendish’ on the ‘Field.’ (W. H. W*.) WHYTE, Frederic W.; author and dramatic critic; author of ‘ Actors of the Century ’; trans. of A. Filon’s ‘ English Stage,’ etc. (P- W. W.) WILHELM, C. ; designer of theatrical spectacle ; author of ‘ Essays on Ballet and Spectacle,’ etc. (C. Wi.) WILKINSON, Henry Spenser, M.A., on staff of the ‘ Morning Post ’; author of ‘ Citizen Soldiers,’ ‘Essays on the War Game,’ ‘Exercises in Strategy and Tactics’ (from the German), ‘ The Command of Artillery in the Army Corps and the Infantry Division’ (from the German), ‘The Brain of an Army,’ ‘The Volunteers and the National Defence,’ ‘Imperial Defence’ (in collaboration with Sir Charles Dilke), ‘The Great Alternative, a Plea for a National Policy,’ ‘The Command of the Sea,' ‘ The Brain of the Navy,’ ‘ British Policy in South Africa,’ ‘Lessons of the War,’ ‘War and Policy.’ (H- S- W.) WILLCOX, Walter F., LL.B., Ph.D. ; Chief Statistician, U.S. Census Bureau; Professor of Social Science and Statistics, Cornell University ; Member of the American Social Science Association, and Secretary of the American Economical Association; author of ‘ The Divorce