HASTINGS AND THE ROHILLAS. 189 the Court of Directors six months before Hastings took office as Governor of Bengal. Hastings stops the Tribute to Delhi, 1773. — Hastings' next financial stroke was to stop payment of the tribute of £300,000 to the Delhi emperor, which Clive had agreed to, in return for the grant of Bengal to the Company. But the em- peror had now been seized by the Marathas. Hastings held that His Majesty was no longer independent, and that to pay money to the emperor would practically be paying it to the Marathls, who were our most formidable enemies, and whom he clearly saw that we should have to crush, unless we were willing to be crushed by them. Hastings therefore withheld the tribute of £300,000 from the puppet emperor, or rather from his Mar&tha custodians. Hastings sells Allahabad and Kora, 1773-1774. — On the partition of the Gangetic valley in 1765, Clive had also allotted the Provinces of Allahabad and Kora to the emperor Shah Alam. The emperor, now in the hands of the Mardthas, made them over to his new masters. Warren Hastings held that by so doing His Majesty had forfeited his title to these Provinces. Hastings accordingly resold them to the Wazfr of Oudh. By this measure he freed the Company from a military charge of nearly half a million sterling, and obtained a price of over half a million for the Company. The terms of sale in- cluded the loan of British troops to subdue the Rohilla Afghans, who had seized and for some time kept hold of a tract on the north-western frontier of Oudh. The Rohillas were Muham- madans and foreigners ; they had cruelly lorded it over the Hindu peasantry ; and they were now intriguing with the Marathas, our most dangerous foes. The Wazfr of Oudh, supported by the British troops lent to him by Hastings, completely defeated the Rohillas. He compelled most of their fighting men to seek new homes on the other side of the Ganges river, in a neighbouring and equally fertile district, but one in which they could no longer open the northern frontier of Oudh to the Marathis. By the foregoing series of measures, Hastings ceased to furnish the Mar&thd custodians of the Delhi emperor with the Bengal tribute ; he also strengthened our ally the Wazfr of Oudh, and
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