Page:A Brief History of the Indian Peoples.djvu/247

This page needs to be proofread.


INDEX. 243 the Permanent Settlement of, 192, 193 • measures for tenants' relief, 23', 234. Bentinck, Lord William, Governor- General (1828-35), 206-208; financial reforms, 207 ; abolition of sati and suppression of thagt, 207, 208 ; renewal of the Com- pany's charter, 208 ; Mysore pro- tected and Coorg annexed, 208. Berar, assigned by the Nizam (1853), 218. Best, Captain, his victory at Swally (1615), 170. Bbakta-Mala or Hindu Book of Saints, 99. Bhartpur, Lord Lake repulsed from (18U5), 198; taken by Comber- mere (1827), 206. Bhils, the, numerous non-Aryan race, 43. Bhilsa plundered by Ala-ud-din Khilji, 121. Bhonslas, the Mardtha dynasty of, Nagpur, 161, 197 ; ceded Orissa to the English (1804), 198 ; their dominions annexed (1853), 218. Bhutan, war with (1864), 231. Bidar, Muhammadan kingdom of, 129; annexed to Mughal Empire, 142. Bijapur, Muhammadan kingdom of, 129 ; made tributary to the Mughals, 142 ; annexed by Aur- angzeb (1688), 147. ' Black Hole ' of Calcutta, 180. Bolan Pass, the, 19. Bombay, ceded to the English (1661), 171, 172- Boscawen, Admiral, besieged Pondi- cherri (1748), 178. Brahma, the first person of the Hindu trinity, 63. Brahmanas, sacred Sanskrit writings explanatory of the sacrifices and duties of priests, 58, 59. Brahmans, the priestly caste in the ancient fourfold Hindu organiza- tion, 59 ; establishment of their supremacy, 60 ; stages of a Brah- man's life, 60, 61 ; modern Brah- mans, 61, 62 ; Brahman theology, 62 ; philosophy, 63 ; literature, 63, 64 ; astronomy, 64 ; medicine, 64, 65 ; music, 6?, 66 ; law, 66 , poetry, 66-71; drama, 71, 72; lyric poetry, 72 ; their influence, 72. 73- Brahman work of civilization, 95, 96. Brahmaputra river, 22. British India, the twelve provinces, 33 ; area and population, 34. Broughton, Gabriel, obtains right of trading for the English from Shah Jahan (1645), 172. Brydon, Dr., only survivor of the British army in Afghanistan, 211. Buddhism and life of Gautama Buddha, 74-84. See Table of Contents, chap. v. Burma, geography and products, 30, 31 ; converted to Buddhism, 79, 80 ; its population still Buddhist, 83 ; its early history, 204, 205 ; first Burmese war (1824-26), 206, 207; second Burmese war (1852), 216 ; prosperity of Lower Burma under British rule, 216; third Burmese war (1885), 235 ; an- nexation of Upper Burma (1886), 235 ; its settlement, 239. Burnes, Sir Alexander, murdered at Kabul (1841), 210. Calcutta, founded, 172; taken by Siraj-ud-daula and recovered by Clive, 180. Calicut, the Portuguese first reach, 164 ; bombarded by them, 165. Campbell, Sir Colin (Lord Clyde), second relief of Lucknow by, 226 ; reduced Oudh, 227. Canning, Earl (1856-62), succeeds Dalhousie as Governor-General, 220; his Viceroyalty, 230, 231. 'Cartridges, The Greased,' 223. Caste not known in the Vedas, 54. Castes, the four, formed, 59, 60. Caste-system, the, its religious and social aspects, 96-98. Cavagnari, Sir Louis, murder of, at Kabul (1879), 233. Cawnpur, the mutiny and massacre at (1857), 225, 226. Chaitanya, Vishnuite religious re- former (14S5-1527), 105, 106. Chait Singh, Raja of Benares, bis treatment by Warren Hastings, 190. Q 2