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INDEX. 2:11 &aga and Patkoi hills, north-eastern offshoot of the Himalayas, 19. Nagpur, capital of the Maratha house of Bhonsla, 161 ; an infant proclaimed Raja of, under British guardianship (1817), 204; an- nexed by Dalhousie as lapsed State (1853), 218. Nairs, non-Aryan race in South- Western India, 42, 43. Nalanda, ancient Buddhist monas- tery, 82. Nana Farnavis, guardian and mi- nister of the sixth Maratha Peshwa, 162. Nana Sahib, adopted son of the last Maratha Peshwa, 163 ; not al- lowed to succeed to the Peshwa's pension, 218, 219 ; his connection with the Mutiny of 1857 and the Cawnpur massacre, 225, 226; joined the rebels in Oudh, 227. Nanak Shah, founder of the Sikh re- ligion, 212. Napier, Gen. Sir Charles, conquered Sind (1843), 212 ; nominated Commander-in-Chief (1849), 215. Napier of Magdala, Gen. Robert, Lord, his public works in the Punjab, 216. Napoleon Bonaparte, apprehension caused by his presence in Egypt, Narayan Rao, fifth Maratha Peshwa (1772-74), 160. Narbada river, 29. Narsingha. See Vijayanagar. Native States of India, their relation to the paramount British power, 32 ; area and population, 35 ; Warren Hastings' attitude to, 188 ; Lord Wellesley's attitude to, 195 ; Lord Dalhousie's attitude to, 2 1 7, 2 1 8 ; Lord Canning's pro- clamation to, 230. Nepal, warwith (1814-15), 201, 202. Newberry, James, English adven- turer in India (1583), 168, 169. Nicholson, Gen. John, aided Law- rence in the Punjab (1857), 225; his death at the storming of Delhi, 226. Nilgiri hills, 29. Nizam Shahf dynasty of Ahmad- nagar, 129. Nizam-ul-Mulk becomes indepen- dent ruler of Haidarabad (Dec- can), 151, 177; wars with the Marathas, 159 ; French influence at the Court of, 178, 183, 194 ; checked by Warren Hastings, 191 ; aided Cornwallis against Tipii, 193 ; Lord Wellesley's treaty with, overthrowing French influence, 195, 196 ; receives part of Tipu's territories, 196 ; made to assign Berar by Lord Dalhousie (1858), 218 ; faithful in the Mutiny, 225. Nomadic tillage and destruction of forest, 21, 38. Non-Aryan or aboriginal population, 40-51. See Table of Contents, chap. iii. Noithbrook, Earl of, Viceroy (1872- 76), 232, 233 ; presents cloth of honour for Akbar's tomb (1873), 137- ' Northern Circars,' French influence supreme in, 179; granted to the English by the Emperor (1765), 185. Nott, Gen. Sir William, his march from Kandahar ,to Kabul (1842), 211. Niir Jahan, Empress of Jahangir, 140, 141. Ochterlony, Gen. Sir David, cam- paigns against the Gurkhas {1814- 15), 202. Opium Commission (1893-1895), its favourable report, 239. Orissa conquered by Akbar (1574 136 ; southern ceded to the Mara- thas (1751), 159; ruled by the Bhonslas, 161 ; dlw&nl of, granted to the East IndiaCompany(1765), 185, 186; ceded by the Bhonslas, (lb04), 198; famine in (1866), 23 1 ' Ostend East Indian Company, 173, 174- Oudh, Begam of, fined by Warren Hastings, 190. Oudh, Gupta kings ruled over, 92 ; becomes independent under the Nawab Wazir (1782-43), 151; restored to the Wazir by Clive (1765), 185; Allahabad sold to (1773), 189; subsidy pdd by,