[The Index to the Diplomatic Correspondence is in Volume II.]
- One who favored and endeavored to bring about the abolition of African slavery in the United States. In the early history of the Government the abolitionists generally favored gradual and voluntary emancipation of the slaves; but later, as the feelings of both sides of the controversy grew in bitterness, they advocated immediate abolition, regardless of the wishes of the slaveowners. They were organized into a separate party in the beginning, but later were merged into the Republican Party.
Adams, Charles F., mentioned, 350.
Adams, D. W., commission and pay of, discussed, 406.
Addresses of President. (See also Proclamations.)
- Army of —
- Eastern Virginia, 229.
- Richmond, 228.
- Indian tribes, 477.
- People of Confederate States, 331, 568.
- Soldiers of Confederate States, 335, 414
Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, appropriation for, recommended, 306, 318.
Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction, act to establish court of, in Mississippi vetoed, 101.
Admission into Confederacy of —
- Kentucky, recommendations regarding application for, 145.
- Consideration of Congress respecting, requested by President, 144.
- Proclaimed, 166.
Admission into Confederacy of (Continued) —
- New States and Territories discussed, 117, 137.
- North Carolina, 117.
- Contemplated, 98.
- Tennessee, 117.
- Virginia, 77, 117.
Advance, The, coals taken from, for naval service referred to, 515, 518, 531.
African Slave Trade.
- The term applied to the importation into the American Colonies, and later into the States, of negro slaves, and their sale to the inhabitants. This traffic was indulged in and encouraged by Great Britain about the beginning of the 18th century, and that country then made treaties by which contracts were obtained for supplying slaves to the West Indies. The slave trade was an important issue in the Colonies, before and during the Revolution, and was the subject of sharp controversy in the formation of the Constitution. Some of the States wished no restriction on the traffic, while others sought to have it entirely prohibited. A compromise allowed Congress to prohibit it after 1808, which was done by act. There was no restriction upon domestic slave trading.
- Accumulated by Treasury Department referred to, 390.
- Non-destruction of, in Savannah,Ga., referred to, 533.
- Protection for, under control of Secretaries of Treasury and War, referred to, 503.
- Purchased for Government in Louisiana referred to, 311.
- Sale of, in foreign markets, under cover of certificates, 317.