Page:A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Confederacy, Including the Diplomatic Correspondence, 1861-1865, Volume I.djvu/606

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Messages and Papers of the Confederacy.

Agricultural Products (Continued):

Sale or hypothecation of, or cotton certificates, in Europe, referred to, 319.
Use of, as means of securing Army supplies, 530.
Vessels in Chesapeake Bay for exporting, 195.
Rations of, for Army, referred to, 455.
Vessels in Chesapeake Bay for exporting, 195.

Agricultural Resources of Southern States discussed, 81, 123, 136.

Aids-de-camp, rank of, discussed, 540.


Iron and coal in, referred to, 305.
Military operations in, 483.
Troops of, resolutions of thanks tendered, 423, 428, 431.

Alabama Claims.

During the Civil War a number of vessels were built in Great Britain for the Confederate States, and in the face of the protests of the representatives of the United States they were allowed to escape from British ports armed and equipped for the destruction of the commerce of the United States. These vessels captured and destroyed many ships of the latter-named Government, laden with goods and merchandise. After the war closed the Government pressed a claim upon Great Britain for damages to its commerce by these vessels, and finally it was agreed between the two Governments to submit the claims to a court of arbitration. This court was formed, and as composed of Charles Francis Adams, named by the President of the United States; Sir Alexander Cockburn, by the Queen of England; Count Federigo Sclopis, by the King of Italy; M.Jacques Staempfli, by the President of Switzerland; and Viscount d'ltajuba, by the Emperor of Brazil. This commission was organized at Geneva, Dec. 15, 1871, the Count Sclopis presiding, and an award was made by the commission in favor of the United States of $15,500,000, in gold, in satisfaction of all claims. The most important of the vessels thus sent out from the ports of Great Britain, and the one which inflicted the greatest injury upon the commerce of the United States, was the Alabama, and hence the name Alabama Claims. Some of the other ships were the Florida, the Georgia, and the Shenandoah.

Alabama River, appropriation for defense of, recommended, 196.

Alabama, The, destruction of the Hatteras by, referred to, 305.

Albany, Ga., flour and grist mill, and bakery established at, referred to, 514.

Albemarle, The.

An ironclad ram built for the Confederate States on the Roanoke River, in North Carolina, in 1863. She did considerable damage to the commerce of the United States, but was destroyed by Lieutenant Cushing Oct. 27, 1864.

Alexander, J. W., mentioned, 197.

Alien Enemies:

Banishment of, proclaimed, 131.
Regulations respecting, 132.
Sequestration of estates of, referred to, 308.

Aliens, act repealing laws authorizing naturalization of, vetoed, 165.

Allatoona, Ga., Battle of.

A battle between the Federals, commanded by Gen. Corse, and the Confederates, commanded by Gen. French, occurred at Allatoona, a village in Georgia, about 35 miles northwest of Atlanta, on Oct. 6, 1864. Each army lost about 700 men in this engagement.

Alleghany Mountain, W. Va., battle of, referred to, 154.


An act of pardon for an offense. During the war and subsequently thereto, proclamations granting amnesty to persons who had been engaged therein against the Government were issued by the President of the United States. These proclamations were based upon authority conferred by Congress, and were special in their character until July 4, 186S, when one extending pardon to all excepting a few classes was promulgated. Dec. 25 of same year full amnesty was granted to all persons who had been engaged in the war.