גריצתא f, גריץ m. ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXIX, 23 (O. צתא . . ,, Y. נרי, h. text חלה). Targ. Prov. VI, 26 (h. text ככר); a. e. -- Pl. נריצן, גריצתא. Targ. Gen. XVIII, 6 (h. text עגות). Targ. Lev. VII, 12 sq. - Snh. 100b תרתין גריצים, read גריצן.
גרירה f. (גרר) 1) scraping off. Hull. 84a וג׳ .... מחוסר equires the acts of pouring out the blood, scraping off the blood stains &c. Ib. 93a ג׳ בעי . . . מעיא ריש the top of the small bowels up to a cubit's length must be scraped (in order to remove the fat). - 2) dragginag, pulling, mov- ing an object without lifting. Sabb. 22a; Pes. 101a; Men. 41b בג׳ . . . הלכה the law decides in favor of . .. with reference to dragging an object on tthe Sabbath, v. גרר. Y. Kidd. I, 60d top בג׳ שיקנו מהו can they be taken possession of by moving without lifting--3) carrying with, involving. Y. Pes. VII, 34c top ג׳ . . . נפקא מאי what is the difference between them? They differ as to the majority of one tribe carrying with it (determining the legal status of) the whole nation, v. גרר 3. - Sabb. 71a ליה אית ומי ג׳ . . . does R. adopt the opinion that one action can be involved with another so as to be considered one con- tinuous act (e. g. cutting grain and immediately grinding it)? Ib. דג׳ ׳ an application ofthis principle in the second degree, that the action involved should involve a third action.
גריש m., pl. גרישין, v. גריס.
גרל, Hif. הגריל, v. גורל.
גרם (v. גרר) to drag along, carry with it. - Part. pass. גרום added in boot, additional measure, v. גירומין. -- אמה גרומה a large cubit. Gen. R. s. 12 [read] ג׳ כאמה the size of a liberal cubit (equal to a cubit and a half of strict measure; some ed. גד׳; vers. in 'גRashi' a. l. גרמידא ומחצה). -- Y. Shek. VI, end, 50b גרו׳ אמה, read גדומה, v. גדם. [Tosef. Bekh. V, 4 גרומות אצבעותיו Var., ed. Zuck. גדומות] - Trnsf. to carry with it, to be the cause of, to engender. לממון הגורם דבר something which may be the cause of pecuniary profit or loss. B. Kam. 71b if one steals objects dedicated to the sanctuary for which the original owner is responsible in case of loss &c,, he is bound to pay the thief's fine (כפל) to the owner; אלמא דמי כממון למ׳ הג׳ דבר which proves that that which 1may cause a pecuniary loss, is to be considered as the property ofhim to whom it may cause it. Ib. 98b according to the opinion ofR. Shimeon who says מיחייב . . . הגורם דבר that what is the cause of monetary gain is considered as money, he who burns a note of indebtedness is bound to pay the full amount of the note; a. fr. -- Snh. 104a לבניו גלות גורם causes his children to be exiled. Ber. 5b bot. וכ׳ לשכינה ג׳ is the cause of the Divine Presence departing from Israel. M. Kat. 25a לו גרמה בבל Babylonia was the cause (that the Shekhinah did not rest upon him). Ab. Zar. 8b bot. גורם המקום the place makes the act legal, i. e. only in the Temple hall can the Sanhedrin udge capital cases; Snh. 14b ג׳ המקום only in the Temple hall can a rebellious el der be judged; ib. 87a. -- Y. Yeb. I, 2c top וכ׳ הגורם מחמת בא שהיא דבר if a. prohibition arises from a cause (a person that causes it, e. g. the prohibition against C.'s marrying B. because B.'s sister A. is his wife)---when the cause is removed (through A.'s death), the prohibition ceases; but a prohibition which has not its cause in the action of a person (but in natural kinship, e. g. C.'s daughter married to C.'s brother whereby she becomes forbidden to him also as his brother's wife), is not remo ed with the removal of the cause of the (additional) prohibitiou, i. e. C. cannot perform the levir's marriage with his brother's wife since she has not ceased to be his daughter; ib. III, beg., 4a; IV, 6a top. - גורם וזה זה a product of combined causes. Tem. 30b אסור ג׳ וזה זה a product of combined causes is forbidden, e. g. the ofspring of a dam un- fitted for the altar, and of a sire fit; Pes. 27a; a. fr. -- Ib. 26b ליה שמעת מי ג׳ וזה זה can you prove that Rabbi adopts the rule forbidding the product of combined causes? -- Nidd. 31a (homiletical play on Gen. XLIX, 14) ליששכר ג׳ חמור the braying of an ass was the cause of Isachar being begotten; Gen. R. s. 99; v. next w. Pi. גירם same. Gen. R. s. 39 וכ׳ מגרמת הדרך travel- ing is the cause of three evils. Nif. נגרם to be indirectly engendered. Ab. Zar. 55b וכ׳ ליגרם אסור no assistance must be given to making unclean &c. Hif. הגרים to leave a comb (גרום) in striking a measure off, whence (in ritual slaughtering) to cut in a slanting direction, to let the knife slide beyond the space prescribed for cutting. Hull. 19a; 20a; a. fr. -- Part. pae. f. מוגרמת an animal slaughtered by a slnnting cut. Ib. 18b; a. fr. -- Denom. הגרמה.
גרם I ch. same. Targ. Is. III, 9; a. fr. - Meg. 12b אנא וכ׳ גרמי Ms. M. (ed. גרים) I am the cause that M. was born. Ber. 7b גרים שמא a person's name has an infuence on his fate or character. Ab. Zar. 19b לה גרים קא מאן ע״א what action caused the work to be called an idol?-Gen. R. s. 98 [read] גרמיה חמור יששכר (play on גרם, v. preced. w.) the braying of an ass caused him to be begotten (by announcing Jacob's arrival upon which Leah went forth to meet him; v. ib. s. 99, Nidd. 31a).
גרם II, גרים (denom. of גרמא, cmp. עצם) to be substantial, strong. Targ. Prov. XVIII, 10 ביה וניגריס Ms. a. Var. in ed. Lag. (read וניגרים; ed. ונתרים). Ib. V, 19 תגרם (some ed. תגרם, Ms. תגרס) thou shalt grow strong. Pa. גרים 1) to strengthen, comfort. Targ. Y. II Gen. XXXV, 9 וכ׳ וגרימת (some ed. וגרי׳ Pe.) and Thou didst strengthen him (in his trouble). -- 2) to eat up to the bone, to pick off. Targ. Ps. XXVII, 2 לנרמא (Ms. a. Regia לגמרא, v. גמר). -- B. Bath. 22a וכ׳ גרמי אדמגרמיתו (Ms. M. מגרדיתו fr. גרד; Ar. דמגריסתו fr. גרס; v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) in place of picking off bones (receiving scanty instruction) in the school of A., go ye and eat fesh &c. Af. אגרים to make substantial, harden. Targ. Prov. VIII, 28 (Var. אוגריס, h. text אמן).