Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/408

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SHATTUCK


362


SHAW


At various times he gave Harvard College over S26,000. His donation of S7,000 made the foundation of Dart- mouth College Observatory, and he gave many books and portraits to the college library.

The year before he died he established the Shattuck professorship of patholog- ical anatomy in the Harvard Medical School by a gift of 814,000. Of his six children all but the oldest son, George Cheyne, died when young. Shattuck assisted Dr. James Thacher with his American ]\Iedicul Biography, as men- tioned in the preface by Thacher.

W. L. B.

Shattuck Memorials, Lemuel Shattuck, 1855.

Memoirs by Edward Jarvis, M. D. aud Dis- course by Rev. C. A. Bartol, 1854. History Harvard Med. School, T. F. Har- riagton. Port, in the Surg.-Gen. Lib., Wash., D. C.

Shattuck, George Cheyne, Junior (1S13- 1893).

George Cheyne Shattuck was born in Boston, Massachusetts, July 22, 1813, the son of Dr. George Cheyne and Eliza Cheever Davis Shattuck, and grandson, on his mother's side, of the Hon. Caleb Davis, all of Boston.

His early education was obtained at the Boston Latin School and at the fa- mous " Round Hill School " at Northamp- ton, Massachusetts. It was there, prob- ably, that the interest in educational matters began which led him in later Ufe to found St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. In his early life his love of study was, perhaps, over-stimu- lated by his father, so that he was inclined to work beyond the strength of a not too rugged constitution. He received his A. B. from Harvard College in 1831, and after spending a year at the Harvard Law School he entered the Harvard Medical School, took his M. D. in 1835 and then went abroad for study. In common with his friends, Bowditch, Stills and Met- calfe, he was much influenced by the methods, the teaching and personaUty of Louis, with whom he kept up an intimacy


until the latter's death forty years later. Shattuck and Stills read papers before the Paris Society for Medical Observation, in 1838, that served to mark out the distinction between typhus and typhoid fevers.

On April 9, 1840, having settled to practise in Boston, he married Anne Henrietta Brune of Baltimore.

For nearly twenty years he was a professor in the Harvard Medical School; from 1855 to 1859, professor of clinical medicine, and from 1859 to 1873, pro- fessor of the theory and practice of medicine. In 1849 he succeeded Oliver Wendell Holmes as visiting physician to the Massachusetts General Hospital and served in this capacity for thirty-six years. He was president of the Massa- chusetts Medical Society from 1872 to 1874, and a fellov; of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

He died March 22, 1893. He was sur- vived by a daughter and two sons, one of the latter being Frederick Cheever Shattuck, who became professor of clinical medicine in the Harvard Medical School, and the other, George Brune Shattuck, the editor of the " Boston Med- ical and Surgical Journal." An oil paint- ing of Dr. Shattuck is in the Boston Med- ical Library. W. L. B.

Shattuck Memorials, Lemuel Shattuck,

1855.

A Brief Sketch of the Life of Dr. George

Cheyne Shattuck, by Caleb Da\'is Bradlee,

D. D., 1894.

A Sermon by Henry A. Coit, D. D., LL, D.,

1893.

Boston Medical & Surg. Jour., vol. c.^xviii

Shaw, Charles H. (1875?-1910).

Charles H. Shaw, botanist, was born about 1875 in Delaware, Ohio, where he received his early education. He gradu- ated from the Ohio Wesleyan University, and later came to the University of Pennsylvania, where he entered the Graduate School, receiving the Ph. D. in 1901, electing botany as his major sub- ject. His doctor's thesis, pubhshed in " Contributions from the Botanical Labo- ratory, University of Pennsylvania,"