Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/436

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SMITH


3S4


SMITH


memberships, notably resident physician to the Pennsylvania Hospital; visitinj^; obstetrician to the I'hiladclphia Hospital; consulting physician to the Woman's Hos- pital. One of the founders of the Phila- delphia Obstetrical Societ}', he was its president in 1S7-4-7G; also a founder of the American Gynecological Society and its president in 1SS4, fellow of the College of Physicians, Philadelphia; president of the County Medical Society, Pliiladelphia, and honorary member of the British Gynecological Society.

Among his jianiphlets are:

"Retarded Dilatation of the Os Uteri in Labor,"' 1877.

"Pendulum Leverage of the Obstetric Forceps," 1S78.

"An Improved Speculum, 1869.

" The Present Aspect of the Puerperal Diseases," 1884, and others descriptive of surgical appliances of his own inven- tion.

There is a portrait in the album of the American Gynecological Society, 187R- 1900, Philadelphia, 1901.

Am. Jour. Obstet., vol. xix, N. York, 1886

(W. Saverj-).

Med. News, vol. xlvii, Phila., 1885.

Tr. Am. Gyn. Soc, vol. xi. N. Y., 1887

(T. Parvin).

Proc. Am. Phil. Soi-., vol. xxiii, Phila., 1886.

Tr. Call. Phy.s., Phila., 1887.

Smith, Andrew Heermance (1837-1910).

Andrew Heermance Smith, for more than fifty years a medical practitioner in New York City and author of many monographs on medical subjects, was born at Charlton, Saratoga County, New York, in 1837, and educated at Ballston Spa Institute, Union College, College of Physicians and Surgeons and the Univer- sities of Gottingen and Berlin. At the close of the Civil War, in which he served with credit, Dr. Smith resumed the practice of medicine. He was physician to St. Luke's and Presbyterian hospitals and surgeon to the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. At the time of his death he also was consulting physician to several other hospitals.

Dr. Smith was president of the New


York Academy of Medicine in 1903-04, and had affiliations with numerous other societies and clubs, lie died at his home in New York City on April 8, 1910, of arteriosclerosis.

Among his writings should bo noted:

"Oxygen Gas as a Remedy in Disease" (Prize Essay), New York, 1870.

"The EiTects of High Atmospheric Pressure, Including the Caisson Disease" (Prize Essay), New York, 1873.

"Supplementary Rectal Alimentation and Especially by Defibrinated Blood," 1879.

" The Influence of Barometric Changes upon the Body in Health and Disease," 1881.

"The Physiological, Pathological and Therapeutical Effects of Compressed Air," 1886, etc.

Boston Transcript, .\pril, 1910. Surg.-gen. Cat., Wash., D. C.

Smith, Henry Hollingsworth (1815-1890).

He graduated M. D. at the University of Penn.sylvania in 1837, serving after- wards as resident physician in the Penn- sylvania Hospital for two years, after which he studied abroad, finally settling in Philadelphia to practise in 1841. He was one of the surgeons to the St. Joseph's Hospital, Episcopal Hospital and the Philadelphia Hospital (Blockley), also professor of surgery in the University of Pennsylvania from 1855 to 1871 when he became professor emeritus, but in 1861, on the outbreak of the Civil War, was appointed to organize the hospital department of Pennsylvania with the title of surgeon-general of Pennsylvania.

At the first battle of Winchester, Vir- ginia, he originated the plan of removing the wounded from the battlefield to large hospitals in Reading, Philadelphia, Harrisburg and other large cities, and established the custom of embalming the dead on the battle ground. He organ- ized and directed a corps of surgeons with steamers as floating hospitals at the siege of Yorktown, and served the wounded after the battles of Williams- l)urg, West Point, Fair Oaks, Cold