Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/532

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that in this way only could crushed limbs be saved when the presence of imprisoned fluids under high tension would result in infection or interference with blood supply.

On January 12, 1859, he was called to attend a patient who had been kicked in the suprapubic region and sustained an intraperitoneal rupture of the bladder. He made the correct diagnosis and, with a courage peculiar to the man, opened the peritoneal cavity widely, sponged away the effused urine, drained the bladder and his patient recovered. This was not only the first case in which the abdomen had been opened for rupture of the bladder, but was also the first case of deUberate laparotomy for injury which has been recorded. Although this case was published by Dr. Walter in the "Medical and Surgical Reporter," of November 16, 1861, it received scant notice till the publication of a similar successful case by Dr. R. F. Weir, in 1884.

Dr. Walter was a man of wonderful industry, taking the most minute notes of his cases, making plaster casts of his orthopedic cases and sketches of his operative work. He enjoyed good health until his death from pneumonia, in 1876.

J. J. B.

Ward, Thomas (1807-1873).

Thomas Ward was born in New Jersey, and died April 13, 1873. He was the son of Gen. Thomas Ward, of Newark, New Jersey, of Revolutionary fame, who represented his district in the First Congress of the United States. Dr Ward was educated at Princeton College and spent two years in Paris, studying in the medical colleges. He returned to this country in 1828, and continued at the Rutgers Medical College, taking his M. D. there in 1829. Dr. Ward about this time married the second daughter of Jacob Lorillard. Though distinguished as a physician and a man of literary culture and attainments, he was best known as a patron of art and a warm- hearted philanthropist. Ward devoted himself to music, poetry and the fine arts.

and had a finely cultured musical taste, ranking among the first amateurs of the day. He composed many ballads and comic operas, which were familiar to old New Yorkers. As a lover of fine arts and antiquities he was widely known, and his library and music rooms in Forty-seventh Street were richly stored with valuable objects of rarity and beauty. Dr. Ward has a place among the "American Poets." He published a volume in 1842, entitled "Passaic and Other Poems, by Flaccus," the signature so familiar to the old readers of the "New York American." During the war Dr. Ward's muse was active in writing "war lyrics," which won much admiration when written, but are difficult to come across now.

D. W. Med. Reg. State of N. Y., 1873.

Warder, John A. (1813-1883).

John A. Warder was born in Philadel- phia in 1812. He absorbed a deep love for nature in his father's house when a boy, where Audobon and other famous naturalists were daily visitors, and at the time of his death had risen to national prominence as a naturalist. His family moved to Springfield, Ohio, in 1830, and in 1834 young Warder returned to Philadelphia to attend Jefferson Medical College, graduating in 1836. The follow- ing year he located in Cincinnati and entered enthusiastically and successfully on medical practice. He was a public- spirited and energetic citizen, and gave much time to the study of school con- struction and educational systems. He was an active member of most scientific societies in his part of the country, espec- ially the Cincinnati Natural History Society, and served as a member of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture. He was particularly interested in forestry and landscape gardening, and in 1853 enriched botanical science b}' his descrip- tion of the Catalpa Speciosa, one of the most beautiful and valuable forest trees, as a separate species. In 1857 he moved to North Bend, Ohio, where he estab-