Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/533

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lished a home surrouiuled hy ii model garden and farm. In 1873, as United States Commissioner to the Vienna Exposition, he submitted an official report on forests and forestry which gave a tremendous impetus to the forestry movement in this country. Most of his writings pertained to botany and practi- cal forestry, but to the profession he gave his translation of Trousseau and Belloe's "Larangeal Phthisis."

In him the Medical College of Ohio had a loyal friend at the time they most needed help and support. He held the chair of chemistry and toxocologj- for three terms (1854-1857). His active and useful life ended in 1883. O. J.

Taken from "Daniel Drake and His Fol- lowers," Otto Juettner. J. Am. M. .\ss., Chicago, 1S83, i. (J. M. Toner)

Ware, John (1795-1864).

John Ware was born in Hingham, Massachusetts, December 19, 1795, the son of the Rev. Henry Ware, who was minister in that town for eighteen years, and later HoUis professor of theology in Harvard College from 1805 to 1840, serving also as acting president of the college in 1810 and in 1828-29. The immigrant ancestor of the family was Robert Ware, who "came from his English home to the colony of Massa- chusetts Bay sometime before the autumn of 1642," and settled in Dedham, where he married and brought up his family, and was "the progenitor of a long line of moral teachers." John Ware's mother was the daughter of the Rev. Jonas Clark, "the patriot parson of Lexington," and the granddaughter of the Rev. John Hancock of that town.

Graduating from Harvard College in 1813, John Ware entered the Harvard Medical School and received his M. D., in 1816. He began his medical career in Duxbury, Massachusetts, but in 1817 returned to Boston, where he acquired an extensive practice. In his diary he says: "I had always a great many patients, but for many years a very small income, and was obliged to have


recourse to other means besides my pro- fession for the support of my family. Some of my receipts were from dentistry, which I practised about ten years." From his diary it is learned that he also eked out his income by keeping school and by taking private "scholars." In 1820 he records the receipt of the " Boylston Premium of fifty dollars." In 1823-25 he was physician at the Boston Almshouse, which paid a small stipend. He also gave two courses of lectures and wrote for the " North Ameri- can Review." With Dr. Walter Chan- ning he was editor of the " New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery," from 1824 to 1827, and on the establishment of the "Boston Medical and Surgical Jour- nal' ' in 1 828, he served for a year as its first editor. This literary work was a valu- able training, it gave him a good literary style and put him in touch with medical progress with which he was so closely identified in the succeeding years. After twenty years of unremitting effort he wrote, " My success in life, profession- ally, is, as often I reflect upon it, a matter of surprise to me. I came to Boston with no advantages of friends, or rela- tions, or purse."

In 1852 Ware was appointed adjunct professor to Dr. James Jackson; Hersey professor of the theory and practice of physic in the Harvard Medical School. Four years later he succeeded Dr. Jack- son in the professorship, which he held until 1858. In 1839, with Drs. Jacob Bigelow, and Enoch Hale he founded the Boston Society for Medical Improvement, a medical organization with a most honorable history. In 1842 Dr. Ware pubHshed a " Contribution to the History and Diagnosis of Croup." He pointed out that "the only form of croup attended with any considerable danger to life is that distinguished by the presence of a false membrane in the air passages." This may be regarded as one of the earliest recognitions of the char- acteristics of diphtheria. He also pub- lished essays on dehrium tremens and on hemoptysis. He was much interested