Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/61

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JOHNSON


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JOHNSON


was once president of the Maine Medical Association. His presidential address, de- livered in 1878, was a remarkable and cultivated essay on the "Practice of Med- icine." He also wrote a large number of papers for the Maine Medical Association such as, for instance, upon " Spinal Menin- gitis," "Ovariotomy, ' and "Belladonna in Congestion of the Brain."

Jewett married in March 17, 1842, Car- oline Frances Perry, of Exeter, New Hampshire, daughter of Dr. William Perry, and had three tlaughters, among whom was the celebrated authoress, Sarah Orne Jewett.

He died suddenly at the Crawford House, in the White Mountains, Sep- tember 20, 1878, from heart disease which he had for a long time concealed from his family, until at last obliged to give up work.

Living in a small country village, Dr. Jewett did a large service to medicine; practising in a larger field, he would un- doubtedly have obtained world-wide re- nown and fame in his cherished pro- fession.

J. A. S.

Trans. ]\Iaine Med. .\ssoo. 1879, vi.

Johnson, Charles Earl (1812-1870).

He was born March 15, 1812, at " Banden," the colonial home of his fam- ily near Edenton, North Carolina.

He graduated from the University of Virginia and had his medical education at the University of Pennsylvania where he was a private pupil of Prof. Samuel Jackson.

He practised in his native county until 1840, when he removed to Raleigh and soon after did good work in an epidemic of fever which occurred in the State capital.

He was one of the founders of the North Carolina Medical Society and its president for two successive years (185()- 1857), and an editor of the old "North Carolina Medical Journal." In May, 1861, he was appointed by Gov. Ellis surgeon-general of the North Carolina Troops and during his term of office (1861


-1862) he visited every battlefield in Vir- ginia, taking medicines and supplies for the sick and wounded.

In 1869 Dr. Johnson pubhshed an able treatise on "Insanity and its Medico- legal Relations." A notable discussion occurred between him and Dr. S. S. Satchewell in 1854 at a meeting of the State Medical Society. In this Dr. John- son fully sustained his already growing fame as a debater, and subsequently ]3ublished his remarks along with a form- er address under the title of "An Ad- dress on Malaria."

He was twice married. His first wife, Emily A. Skinner, died in 1847 leaving four children. His second wife, Frances L. Iredell, with her five children survived him when he died in 1876.

H. A. R.

"Mcmoira" of Dr. Johnson by P. E. Hines, M. D., 1876.

Biographical History of North Carolina, A.she, 1907, vol. ii.

Johnson, Francis Marion (1828-1893)

Francis Marion Johnson was born on a farm near Georgetown, Kentucky, Au- gust 27, 1828. His parents, Garland and Theresa Johnson, were of Scotch-Irish descent and pioneers in that county. Being the eldest in a large family he at- tended school only during the winter and worked in the summer to assist his father, gathering together a few dollars by work- ing extra hours.

The first money he ever earned as a lad was spent for a copy of " Plutarch's Lives" and this old book with its well worn pages is a treasure in possession of his family. Working during the day and studying far into the night, he studied medicine under the old family physi- cian. Dr. Elliott. He graduated from Transylvania University at Louisville, Kentucky.

With a thorough-bred horse which he had raised himself, a few dollars in his pocket and a carpet bag he rode from Georgetown, Kentucky, to Missouri and settled in the little town of Farley in Platte County, a fortunate location, for